Beginning on the next page is an outline template (in Microsoft Word format), which is filled in with a sample to show you what a final outline looks like. Here is how to fill in your own outline:
Triple click on a sentence to highlight it. (Or swipe across it with a mouse’s left key held down.)
Type your sentence. (The original words should automatically disappear; if they don’t, use the Delete key to eliminate them.)
When you don’t need an outline subdivision (such as “C” or “3”), delete the line.
When you need to insert a new subdivision, place the cursor at the end of the sentence immediately above where you want to insert, press Enter, go the Style drop-down menu (typically located next to the Font drop-down menu) at the top of the screen, and select the appropriate style: For I, II, III, etc., choose Outline 1
For A, B, C, etc., choose Outline 2
For 1, 2, 3, etc., choose Outline 3
For a, b, c, etc., choose Outline 4
NOTE: You will need to manually enter the correct letter or number, and you may need to change letters and numbers above and below your new entry. At times, you may need to use the Tab and Backspace keys to align entries properly.
• TROUBLESHOOTING TIP: If Microsoft Word performs undesired formatting—such as inserting unwanted letters and numbers and changing the indentation—go to Format menu, click AutoFormat, click Options, choose the “AutoFormat As You Type” button, and deselect (so that there is no checkmark) these two choices: “Automatic Bulleted Lists” and “Automatic Numbered Lists.”
The first time you save your document, choose “Save As” in the File menu and provide a new name. (This will preserve the original file and its sample.)
For Bibliography entries, you can choose (from the Style drop-down menu at the top of the screen) either the “MLA Entry” style or the “APA Entry” style. (See Chapter 6 in the text for details.)
For an explanation of the different parts of an outline, see Chapter 12 in the text.
Banning Jet Skis
|General Purpose: |To persuade | |Specific Purpose: |To persuade my listeners that jet skis should be prohibited in national and state parks | |Central Idea: |Jet skis should be banned in national and state parks because they make too much noise, | | |harm the environment, and harass wildlife. |
I. Attention Material
A. This is a jet ski [PowerPoint slide will be shown].
1. Some people love them and want to use them on all waterways. 2. Other people hate them and want them banned.
B. I have a love/hate relationship with them.
1. I enjoyed driving a jet ski on the ocean a few years ago. 2. But my vacation recently at a beautiful lake was marred by the constant noise of jet skis.
II. Orienting Material
A. More than 1.3 million jet skis (also called personal watercraft) are in use, with annual sales of about 200,000—one-third of all boat sales. B. Jet skis should be banned from lakes and other waterways in national and state parks because they make too much noise, pollute air and water, and harass wildlife. C. However, I am in favor of permitting them on the ocean and private lakes, provided they stay away from shallow water. D. My information comes from The National Parks and Conservation Association; the Environmental Protection Agency; Dr. Joanna Burger, professor of biology at Rutgers University, and Dr. Ken Cordell, wildlife expert at the University of Georgia.
(Transition: Let’s examine the first reason why jet skis should be banned.}