An operating system, or OS, is a software program that enables the computer hardware to communicate and operate with the computer software. Without a computer operating system, a computer would be useless. Operating system types
As computers have progressed and developed so have the operating systems. Below is a basic list of the different operating systems and a few examples of operating systems that fall into each of the categories. Many computer operating systems will fall into more than one of the below categories. GUI - Short for Graphical User Interface, a GUI Operating System contains graphics and icons and is commonly navigated by using a computer mouse. See the GUI definition for a complete definition. Below are some examples of GUI Operating Systems. System 7.x
MAC OS 9
Mac OS 9 is the latest public release of the Apple operating system, which includes new and unique features not found in any other operating system. Below are some of the new features found with this new operating system. Sherlock 2 - Which offers the capability of quickly searching and purchasing online. 3D acceleration - Support for technologies such as OpenGL, allowing improved video and a wider gaming experience. Share files - Share files and folders over the Internet with other Mac users. Colorsync 3.0 - Manages color even more efficiently.
Synchronize - Synchronizes with Palm computing products using HotSync software. TCP/IP - Provides access to TCP/IP networks.
Lock System - Ensures that System Folders and Applications do not accidentally get reconfigured by having the capability of locking the system.
Windows 98 overview
Microsoft Windows 98 is the upgrade to Microsoft Windows 95. While this was not as big as release as Windows 95, Windows 98 has significant updates, fixes and support for new peripherals. Below is a list of some of its new features. Protection - Windows 98 includes additional protection for important files on your computer such as backing up your registry automatically. Improved support - Improved support for new devices such as AGP, DirectX, DVD, USB, MMX, FAT32 - Windows 98 has the capability of converting your drive to FAT32 without losing any information. Interface - Users of Windows 95 and NT will enjoy the same easy interface. PnP - Improved PnP support, to detect devices even better than Windows 95. Internet Explorer 4.0 - Included Internet Explorer 4.0
Customizable Taskbar - Windows adds many nice new features to the taskbar that 95 and NT do not have. Includes Plus! - Includes features only found in Microsoft Plus! free. Active Desktop - Includes Active Desktop that allows for users to customize their desktop with the look of the Internet.
Multi-user - A multi-user operating system allows for multiple users to use the same computer at the same time and different times. See the multi-user definition for a complete definition for a complete definition. Below are some examples of multi-user operating systems. Linux-
Developed by Linus Torvalds and further elaborated by a number of developers throughout the world, Linux (lee'nuhks/ or /li'nuks/,_not_/li:'nuhks) is a freely available multitasking and multiuser operating system. From the outset, Linux was placed under General Public License (GPL). The system can be distributed, used and expanded free of charge. In this way, developers have access to all the source codes, thus being able to integrate new functions or to find and eliminate programming bugs quickly. Thereby drivers for new adapters (SCSI controller, graphics cards, etc.) can be integrated very rapidly. Unix-
Unix, which is not an acronym, was developed by some of the members of the Multics team at the bell labs starting in the late 1960's by many of the same people who helped create the C programming language. The Unix today, however, is not just the work of a couple of programmers. Many other organizations, institutes...