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Nebosh Ngc Element 1

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Nebosh National General Certificate

NGC1 Element 1

NGC1 ELEMENT 1:- HEALTH AND SAFETY FOUNDATIONS
DEFINITIONS
What is Health and Safety? Health:- The protection of people from illness resulting from exposure to hazardous substances and materials. Safety:- The protection of people from physical injury. The problems associated with the safety side has been known for many years for example guards have been required on dangerous machines since the 19th Century whist the knowledge of the effects to exposure from hazardous chemicals have been a much slower development Other definitions used in the field of Health and Safety include:Welfare:- Looking after peoples basic needs. Environment:- The surroundings in which an organisation operates including air, water, land , natural resources, flora, fauna, humans and their interrelationships (International Standards Organisation 1992) Accident:- An unwanted, unforeseen, unplanned event which results in a loss of some kind. Incident/Near Miss:- An unwanted, unforeseen, unplanned event that had the potential to result in a loss. Dangerous Occurrence:- A near miss with serious injury potential, specifically defined in Law (RIDDOR 1995) Occupational Health:- Includes any acute or chronic ill health caused by chemical or biological agents as well as adverse effects on mental health (Health and Safety Executive 2003) Acute:- Resulting from a single short term exposure producing an immediate effect which is usually reversible e.g. Alcohol affecting the nervous system. Chronic:- Resulting from prolonged or repeated exposure producing a gradual effect that may be unrecognised for a number of years and may be irreversible e.g. Alcohol causing cirrhosis of the liver. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------01 October 2007 Page 1

NGC1 Element 1

Nebosh National General Certificate

Hazard:- Something with the potential to cause harm May be physical, chemical,...