Outcome 1: Understand how to plan and provide environments and services that support children and young people’s health and safety
Describe the factors you have to take into account when planning healthy and safe indoor and outdoor environments and services When planning healthy and safe indoor and outdoor environments or activities with children and young people you must take into consideration these principles: * The age and ability of the children
* Equipment and activity is age appropriate e.g. you wouldn’t do a lego activity with a baby who would want to put the small bits in their mouth * Whether children have any specific needs such as sensory impairments * The different needs of families and carers
* Is it safe? Has a risk assessment been conducted?
* Duty of care – when planning the child’s safety and welfare should be of most importance * That policies and procedures are being followed
* Staff ratios are correct
* There is a first aider present
* The desired outcomes of the child or young person are the starting point * There are clear aims and objectives that are based around the required outcomes for their age according to the EYFS * Lines of responsibility and accountability
Explain how health and safety is monitored and maintained and how people are made aware of risks and hazards and encouraged to work safely in your work setting In my setting we have a health and safety policy and procedure which is shown to staff members on their induction at the nursery via a video and following questions, and supervised to ensure this is being carried out. In the policy it states that “We believe the risks in the nursery environment to be low and we will maintain maximum protection for children, staff and parents. The nursery will: * Ensure all entrances and exits from the building, including fire exits, remain clear at all times * Regularly check the premises room by room for structural defects, worn fixtures and fittings or electrical equipment and take the necessary remedial action * Ensure all staff, visitors, parents and children are aware of the fire procedures and regular fire drills are carried out * Ensure that all members of staff are aware of the procedure to follow in case of accidents for staff, visitors and especially children * Ensure that all members of staff take all reasonable action to control the spread of infectious diseases and wear protective gloves and clothing where appropriate * Prohibit smoking on the nursery premises
* Prohibit any contractor from working on the premises without prior discussion with the officer in charge * Prohibit running inside the premises unless in designated areas * Risk assess all electrical sockets and take appropriate measures to reduce risks where necessary and ensure no trailing wires are left around the nursery * Ensure all cleaning materials are placed out of the reach of children and kept in their original containers * Follow our meal time procedure, including wearing protective clothing when cooking or serving food * Ensure risk assessments are undertaken on the storage and preparation of food produce within the nursery * Familiarise all staff and visitors with the position of the first aid boxes and ensure all know who the appointed first aiders are * Ensure children are supervised at all times
* Ensure no student is left unsupervised at any time”
Within this policy it also states what risk assessments need to be undertaken - from arriving at work, checking the outdoor area, entering the building – checking that the equipment, safety of children and safety in all areas – play (both indoors and out), kitchen/food preparation, toilets, fire drill etc. All practitioners have a duty to monitor and maintain the health and safety policy by noting whether it is working (then you would continue it) or...