Model View Controller

Topics: Software architecture, Java Servlet, Web application Pages: 2 (528 words) Published: March 6, 2013
The MVC (Model-View-Controller) architecture is a way of decomposing an application into three parts: the model, the view and the controller. It was originally applied in the graphical user interaction model of input, processing and output.

By dividing the web application into a Model, View, and Controller we can, therefore, separate the presentation from the business logic. If the MVC architecture is designed purely, then a Model can have multiple views and controllers. Also note that the model does not necessarily have to be a Java Servlet. In fact a single Java Servlet can offer multiple models. The Java Servlet is where you would place security login, user authentication and database pooling for example. After all these latter have nothing to do with the business logic of the web application or the presentation.

Model - A model represents an application’s data and contains the logic for accessing and manipulating that data. Any data that is part of the persistent state of the application should reside in the model objects. The services that a model exposes must be generic enough to support a variety of clients. By glancing at the model's public method list, it should be easy to understand how to control the model's behavior. A model groups related data and operations for providing a specific service; these group of operations wrap and abstract the functionality of the business process being modeled. A model’s interface exposes methods for accessing and updating the state of the model and for executing complex processes encapsulated inside the model. Model services are accessed by the controller for either querying or effecting a change in the model state. The model notifies the view when a state change occurs in the model.

View - The view is responsible for rendering the state of the model. The presentation semantics are encapsulated within the view, therefore model data can be adapted for several different kinds of clients. The view modifies itself...
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