Midterm Review

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Chapter 16

1.) All of the following factors contributed to explosive economic growth during the Gilded Age EXCEPT: Question options:
| a)| availability of capital for investment.|
| b)| a growing supply of labor.|
| c)| abundant natural resources.|
| d)| low tariffs.|
| e)| federal land grants to railroads.|
| | 1 / 1 point|
2.) By 1890, the majority of Americans:
Question options:
| a)| worked as farmers.|
| b)| worked as independent craftsmen.|
| c)| worked in the mining industry.|
| d)| were moving into the middle class.|
| e)| worked for wages.|
| | 1 / 1 point|
3.) The second industrial revolution was marked by:
Question options:
| a)| a return to handmade goods.|
| b)| a more equalized distribution of wealth.|
| c)| the rapid expansion of industry across the South.| | d)| the acceleration of factory production and increased activity in the mining and railroad industries.| | e)| a decline in the growth of cities.|

| | |

4.) The ____________ made possible the second industrial revolution in America. | a)| oil industry|
| b)| railroads|
| c)| iron industry|
| d)| textiles|
| e)| cotton gin|
| | 1 / 1 point|
5.) In 1883, ____________ divided the nation into the four time zones still used today. Question options:
| a)| the major railroad companies|
| b)| the federal government|
| c)| a coalition of mining and lumber companies|
| d)| an organization of Western states|
| e)| a group of businessmen from Chicago|
| | 1 / 1 point|
6.) In the nineteenth century, pools, trusts, and mergers were: | a)| unheard of.|
| b)| used only rarely.|
| c)| against the law.|
| d)| seen as beneficial by consumers.|
| e)| ways that manufacturers sought to control the marketplace.| | | 0 / 1 point|
7.) Between 1897 and 1904, a wave of financial mergers led to the creation of the following corporations, all of which dominated major parts of the economy EXCEPT: | a)| U.S. Steel.|
| b)| J.P. Morgan.|
| c)| Standard Oil.|
| d)| International Harvester.|
| e)| Quaker Oats.|
| | 0 / 1 point|
8.) One significant economic impact of the second industrial revolution was: | a)| a more stable economy.|
| b)| frequent and prolonged economic depressions.|
| c)| higher prices.|
| d)| a more equitable distribution of wealth.|
| e)| the introduction of socialism.|
| | 0 / 1 point|

9.) Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller:
Question options:
| a)| faced no criticism for their business practices.|
| b)| led the way in social reform.|
| c)| advocated government regulation of business.|
| d)| built up giant corporations that dominated their respective markets.| | e)| were both immigrants.|
| | 1 / 1 point|
9.) The American working class:
Question options:
| a)| were paid less than their European counterparts.|
| b)| worked under safe conditions, and fatal factory accidents were uncommon.| | c)| did not include women and children.|
| d)| was quickly making gains and moving into the middle class.| | e)| lived in desperate conditions.|
| | |
10.) In How the Other Half Lives, Jacob Riis:
Question options:
| a)| highlighted the benefits of the second industrial revolution.| | b)| discussed the lives of wealthy Americans.|
| c)| focused on the wretched conditions of New York City slums.| | d)| provided a fictional account of life in 1890.|
| e)| wrote about captains of industry.|
| | 0 / 1 point|
11.) Bonanza farms:
| a)| were small, self-sufficient farms.|
| b)| were the sharecropping farms found in the South.|
| c)| typically had 3,000 acres of land or more.|
| d)| were free homesteads in California.|
| e)| were settled along the railroad lines of the Union...
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