Management of Technology

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Management of Technology & Innovation
Assignment 3

Submitted by

In partial fulfilment for the award of the degree of

MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Under the guidance of

SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES

JANURARY 2013

1. Which is the Indian Govt institution that is in charge of developing technology in India?

* Science & Engineering Research Council (SERC), under the department of Science and Technology . * Established in 1974 through which it promotes R & D Programme in newly emerging challenging areas of Science and Engineering.

2. What are Indian Govt Research Institutions?
*
* Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)
* Agharkar Research Institute (ARI)
* Atomic Minerals Directorate (AMD)
* Bombay Textile Research Association (BTRA)
* Bose Institute, Kolkata
* Central Scientific Instruments Organization (CSIO)
* Central Soil and Materials Research Station (CSMRS)
* Centre for Advanced Technology (CAT)
* Centre for Liquid Crystal Research (CLCR)
* Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
* Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO)
* Forensic Science Laboratory, Haryana
* Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)
* Indian Meteorological Department (IMD)
* Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA)
* Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
* Institute of Plasma Research (IPR)
* Institute of Life Sciences

3. What do you mean by ‘Not invented here’ syndrome?

* It is a philosophy or culture that avoid using or buying already existing products, research, standards etc. because of their external origin. * As a social phenomenon, ‘Not Invented Here’ Syndrome is manifested as an unwillingness to adopt an idea or product because it originates from another culture, a form of nationalism. * Reasons : Fear through lack of understanding, Unwillingness to value the work of others or because it is originated from another culture(Nationalism)

4. Competitors move regarding technology implementation

When a new innovative product or technology is implemented by a company, the competitor has to first analyse the moves and countermoves across the competitive environment, assess the outcomes with supporting financial metrics and select the best move to sustain and excel in the market. Evaluation of outcomes and selecting the move is very crucial.

5. History of scotch brite
Scotch brite is a product for 3M. While experimenting to make abrasives for brakes, accidentally scotch brite was invented. 3M didn’t want to lose the invested money on R7D and tried making sense out of the new product. They found this could be used for cleaning purpose and introduced into the market. 6. Who claims the maximum number of patents (firm wise and country wise)

* Country: USA
* Firm: 6148 patents to IBM, headquartered in Armonk, New York

7. Percentage of Patents by west to east
The number of applications for international patents fell by 4.5% in 2009 compared with the year before to 159,000 as companies in Western countries cut back on R&D spending during the recession. Yet applications from east Asian economies, including Japan and South Korea, increased slightly, while those from China soared by 30%. Since 2005 applications from China have grown by 210% as the country has developed a home-grown high-tech sector. Patent filings experienced a sharper than average decline in a number of industrialized countries. Rank| Country| No. of Patents in Force(2008)|

1|  United States| 1,872,872|
2|  Japan| 1,270,367|
3|  China| 828,054|
4|  South Korea| 624,419|
5|  United Kingdom| 599,062|
6|  Germany| 509,879|
7|  France| 438,926|
8|  Europe| 268,384 (E.P.O.)|
9|  Hong Kong| 227,918|
10|  Spain| 166,079|
11|  Russia| 147,067|
12|  Canada| 121,889|
13|  Australia| 107,708|
14|  Sweden| 105,571|
15|  Belgium| 87,189...
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