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  Running Head: AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN ARE MORE LIKELY TO DIE FROM BREAST CANCER   

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African American Women Are More Likely To Die From Breast Cancer

 
Denise Blanchard

 
Student ID: 000239612

 
Western Governors University

 
August 20, 2012

  AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN ARE MORE LIKELY TO DIE FROM BREAST CANCER  

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Research suggests African American women are more likely to die from breast cancer because of their lack of health insurance, late stage diagnosis, and their rate of obesity.

  AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN ARE MORE LIKELY TO DIE FROM BREAST CANCER  

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Outline
 

     

I.

Introduction A. African American women are more likely to die from breast cancer than any other race of the same gender. B. African American women are more likely to die from breast cancer because of the lack of health insurance, late stage diagnosis, and their rate of obesity. 1. In 2009 it was reported that 1 in every 6 Americans was without health insurance (News-Medical.net, 2009). 2. African American women are often diagnosed with later stage breast cancer.

 

 
3. African American women are 26 percent more likely to be obese. II. The absence of health insurance is barrier for African American women. A. The absence of insurance leaves low-income women open to a higher rate of mortality since regular breast cancer screenings are almost nonexistent. For at least the last 20 years low-income women and women of color have suffered greatly due to the absence of health insurance (Peek, 2007). B. A study performed between 1997 – 2006 concluded that nearly 84 percent of the underinsured population included a significant number of African American patients with the poorest breast cancer survival rates (Komenaka et al, 2010). C. Without health insurance African American women will continue to have the highest mortality rates among all races of the same gender. III. African American women are more often diagnosed with later stage breast cancer.

 
A. A major divide exists as it relates to diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer for African American women. Recent studies indicate that not having had a

 

  AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN ARE MORE LIKELY TO DIE FROM BREAST CANCER  

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mammogram for one to three years prior to diagnosis was associated with 52 percent of late-stage breast cancer cases (Taplin, 2004). B. One study revealed black women were more often found to have cancerous tumors that grew faster, were less responsive to therapy, and carried less than favorable mortality expectations (SEER, 2000). C. Late stage diagnosis among African American women is a major cause for concern as it is a catalyst for mortality. African American women who are diagnosed with late stage cancer are more likely to die. IV. In 1997 26 percent of the population of African American women was considered obese.

 
A. Obesity could possibly explain the mortality rate among African American women when it comes to breast cancer. (Jones et al, 1997). B. Between 50 and 66 percent of African American women are considered overweight (Pryor, 2011).

   
C. A high body mass index (BMI) was significantly associated with an advanced stage of breast cancer at diagnosis (Cui et al, 2002). V. Conclusion

 
A. African American women are more like to die from breast cancer due to barriers like health insurance, late stage diagnosis, and obesity rates. B. Studies indicate the major causes for the high mortality rates among African American women as it relates to breast cancer can be treated. The introduction of health insurance for all Americans would address the absence of coverage. A campaign to increase accessibility to screening programs that includes transportation and even stipends would significantly increase the number of African

  AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN ARE MORE LIKELY TO DIE FROM BREAST...
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