To What Extend Do Cultural Differences Alter Understandings of Injustice and Approaches to Justice? (America).

Topics: African American, White American, Race and Ethnicity Pages: 5 (1857 words) Published: June 17, 2009
Assignment 3 - Major Essay
Question 1
To what extend do cultural differences alter understandings of injustice and approaches to justice? (America).

Most people care deeply about justice for themselves and others. Broadly viewed, justice or more accurately, a keen sense of injustice and the urge to do something about it - is a basic part of life. Sense of injustice involves real human feelings. Hate, envy, resentment, anger, vengeance, fear and all the other passions people feel when they are treated unfairly. Terms like injustice and oppression are difficult to define, and that and definition will depend on how the harmful acts or inequities are understood. Oppression is not just in the eye, but also in the mind and motives of the beholder. Injustice might be fairly described as an undeserved or unfair distribution of advantage and hardship across individuals or groups.

Different people and different societies might have different conceptions of what is just and what is not the idea of injustice seems to be one. United States has a large disparity between the Whites and Blacks. President Clinton had once described the polarization between blacks and whites as "tearing at the heart of America". The Black Americans have suffered from many forms of inequalities in terms of education, health, social status, political, justice and many more. All the inequalities faced by them are interconnected with one another. One of the reasons is because both whites and blacks have different cultural backgrounds, socioeconomic status and many more. Blacks Americans and other immigrants are considered as the minorities in United State.

The unequal distribution of wealth is directly related to inequalities in education beginning at early education. The history of education of United State is filled with segregation, bias and inequalities for the minorities and the poor. In the south segregation was upheld in the Supreme Court in the Plessy and Ferguson case in 1986 which mandated that schools be segregated into black and white. (Brown V. Board of Education of Topeka, the landmark of 1954 U.S Supreme Court ruling on racial segregation in schools). Segregation caused inferior education for the Blacks because the districts in which they schooled in had less money. This means that the schools could not afford quality teachers and sufficient facilities for the students. These results in making the most of the Black Americans in urban areas are less educated than those White Americans and middle class Black Americans that moved out of urban areas into the suburbs.

According to the Census, ninety percent of African Americans still lived in the Southern US in 1900. Three quarters of black households were located in rural places. Living in rural areas are resulting them to have less jobs of opportunity. Most of them work as farmer, unskilled labour, service jobs or even work for low paying companies. Those jobs are lowly paid and leading them to poverty. Census also said that only about one fifth of African Americans household heads owned their own homes. So a typical African American family at the start of twentieth century lived and worked on a farm in the South, did not own its home, and was unlikely to have their children in school. Situations are getting a bit better when the African Americans gain new entry to new jobs in Northern manufacturing. However, they had access to a limited set of firms. For example, in the auto industry, the Ford Motor Company hired a tremendous number of black workers, while other auto makers in Detroit typically excluded these workers. Because their choices were very limited, African workers could be worked very intensely and could also be used in particularly unpleasant and dangerous places, such as the killing and cutting areas of meat packing plants, foundry departments in auto plants, and blast furnaces in steel plants. These happen because they are lacking of education and knowledge, low social...
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