Another important part of the leadership function is leadership style. It is the typical pattern of behavior that a leader uses to influence his or her employees to achieve organizational goals. Several different approaches to describing leadership styles have developed over the years. (Can relate to Theory X and Y)
1. Participative Leadership Style:
- A participative leader is one who shares decision making with group members. Team leaders use the participative style so frequently that participative leadership is also referred to as the team leadership style. * Three closely related subtypes of participative leaders include consultative, consensus, and democratic. a. Consultative leaders confer with subordinates before making a decision. However, they retain the final authority to make decisions. b. Consensus leaders encourage group discussion about an issue and then make a decision that reflects the general opinion (consensus) of group members. All workers who will be involved in the consequences of a decision have an opportunity to provide input. A decision is not considered final until all parties involved agree with the decision. c. Democratic leaders confer final authority on the group. They function as collectors of opinion and take a vote before making a decision.
* Participative leadership works well with people who want to share decision making and whose cultural values accept group members sharing leadership.
(Pros: In this complex world, the leader does not have all answers. Help gather ideas of others. Cons: Time consuming.)
2. Autocratic Leadership Style
* A autocratic leader is a task- oriented leader who retains most of the authority for himself or herself and is not generally concerned with group members’ attitudes toward decisions. * An autocratic leader is not usually concerned with group members’ attitudes toward the decision. Typical autocratic leaders tell people...