Key Words - Notes

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KEY WORDS:

Anarchy:The absence of formal system of government. In IR, does not necessarily means lawlessness and chaos.

Nation:A distinct group or race of people that share history, traditions and culture. (Duhaime- Legal Dictionary)

State:Groups of people which have acquired international recognition as an independent country and which have a population, a common language and a defined and distinct territory. (Duhaime- Legal Dictionary)

Sovereignty (concept):A state’s ability to legislate without legal limitation saves as set by themselves and the reach of international law. The distinguishing feature of state is sovereignty legal autonomy. No higher body has the RIGHT to issue order to them. The concept of sovereignty means that nobody has the right to tell you what to do – the right to say yes or no. It distinguishes states from nations. (Duhaime- Legal Dictionary)

Liberal Internationalism:Liberal international states that, through multilateral organizations such as the United Nations, it is possible to avoid the worst excesses of “power politics” in relations between nations. (If one country invades another it affects all of us - We are all involved). In other words; cooperation’s between nations.

Pluralism:The view that politics and decisions making are located mostly in the framework or government, but that many non-governmental groups use their resources to exert influence.

Realism:Realists think that humankind is not inherently benevolent but rather self-centered and competitive. This perspective, which is shared by theorists such as Thomas Hobbes, views human nature as egocentric (not necessarily selfish) and conflictual unless there exists conditions under which humans may coexist. They argue that it is power – diplomatic clout and military force (or the threat of it) – that ultimately prevails.

Positivism:Positivism states that the only authentic knowledge is that which allows positive verification. Positivism assumes...
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