Introduction About District-Ballia

Topics: Uttar Pradesh, Ganges, Bihar Pages: 7 (2208 words) Published: April 16, 2012
Origin Of Name of District : - The origin of the name of the district, Ballia, has long been a matter of dispute. It is locally said to have been derived from the name of the sage Valmiki, the celebrated hindu poet and the author of RAMAYAN, whose having resided here was commemorated, by a shrine which has long been washed away. Another belief about the origin of the name is that it has been derived from the sandy nature of the land of the place, locally known as ballu meaning sand . Location and Boundaries:- The district is the easternmost part of the state and borders on Bihar State. It comprises an irregularly shaped tract extending westward from the confluence of the Ganga and the Ghaghra, the former separating it from Bihar in the south and the latter from Deoria and Bihar in the north and east respectively. The boundary between Ballia and Bihar is determined by the deep streams of these two rivers. It is bounded on the west by Azamgarh, on the north by Deoria, on the north-east and south-east by Bihar and on the south-west by Ghazipur. Area :- According to the District Statistics Patrica, the district had an area of 3168 sq. km. on June 2000, and occupied the 51st position in the State in respect of area. Population:- According to the census of 1991, the district occupied the 26th position in the State in respect of population which was 2262273 of which 1099966 were females. The rural areas were inhabited by 2038186 persons, 993550 being females and the urban by 224087 (females being 106416) and total sc population is 332220 in the District History of District as Administrative Unit:- The history of the district of Ballia begins with the year 1879. Asaf-ud-Daula, the nawab vizier of Avadh, made a formal cession of the sovereignty of the province of Benaras (Varanasi) to the East India Company in 1775. The tract was included in the zamindari of the raja and remained in his actual possession till 1794, when Raja Mahip Narayan Singh surrendered its control to the governor general. by the agreement of October 27 of that year In 1818 the pargana of Doaba, which had been a part of Bihia in district Shahabad of Bihar, was transferred to the revenue subdivision of Ghazipur which shortly afterwards was separated from Benaras (Varanasi) and became an independent district and then comprised the whole of Ballia also. In 1832 a redistribution of territory was made and pargana Sikandarpur and probably Bhadaon were assigned to Azamgarh and again in 1837 portions of Kopachit and Kharid were assigned to the same district For some time no further changes took place and the Ballia tahsil, comprising the Ballia, Doaba and Kharid parganas, formed a subdivisions of Ghazipur. on November 1,1879, a new district. that of Ballia, was created by adding to the old subdivision the parganas of Lakhnesar and Kopachit from the Rasra tahsil and those of Bhadaon and Sikandarpur from tahsil Nagra of Azamgarh. These parganas constituted a new tahsil with headquarters at Rasra. On April 10,1882 a third tahsil, Bansdih, was formed out of pargana Kharid and 225 villages of Sikandarpur, to which was given the name of Sikandarpur East. At the same time 212 villages of Kopachit were transferred to Ballia and made into the new pargana of Kopachit East. On April 1,1883, a further addition was made by uniting tappa Dhaka of paragana Zahurabad with Sikandarpur West and a year later on November 18,13 villages of Lakhnesar, lying on the right bank of the Saryu and surrounded by some villages of Ghazipur, were given back to that district. The last important change took place on March 9,1892, when 168 villages of pargana Garha, together with Saraikota of Muhammadabad, were made over to Ballia and included in the Ballia tahsil. This transfer was supplemented in July of the same year by extending the boundary of Garha so as to include the large village of Narainpur and two others. On June 9,1892 the village of Diara Khawaspur was transferred from Bhojpur in Bihar to...
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