India shares a1600km of border along 4 NE states –Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur,and Mizoram. Burma was made a province of British India by British rulers and again separated in 1937. For many years, Indo-Burmese relations were strong:
Burma previously having been a province of India
1) due to cultural links
2) flourishing commerce
3) the presence of a significant Indian community in Burma. India provided considerable support when Burma struggled with regional insurgencies
Loosening Of Ties:
Military rule overthrew Democracy. India condemned this thing. Relations got loose. Burma ordered the expulsion of the Burmese Indian community. Only China maintained close links with Burma while India supported the pro-democracy movement.
(Pro Democarcy Movement:- The National League for Democracy is a Burmese political party founded on 27 September 1988. House Representative and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi serves as its General Secretary. The party won a substantial parliamentary majority in the 1990 Burmese general election. However, the ruling military junta refused to recognize the result.) Relations worsened after the military junta's bloody repression of pro-democracy agitations in 1988, which led to an influx of Burmese refugees into India. Results of loose relations:-
Due to loose relations with Myanmar ,the militants of NE states are using Myanmar territory for training and procurement of weapons . Smuggling of narcotics and cross border insurgencies .And china has taken advantage of this also.
Strategic Relations of Myanmar and china :
China is the most important supplier of military aid and maintains extensive strategic and military cooperation. Since 1989, China has supplied Burma with jet fighters, armored vehicles and naval vessels and has trained Burmese army, air force and naval personnel. Access to Burma's ports and naval installations provide China with strategic influence in the Bay of...