➢ HOMONYMS are words that sound alike but have different meanings. o Homophones are a type of homonym that also sound alike and have different meanings, but have different spellings. ➢ HOMOGRAPHS are words that are spelled the same but have different meanings. o Heteronyms are a type of homograph that are also spelled the same and have different meanings, but sound different. ➢ WORDS THAT BOTH SOUND THE SAME AND ARE SPELLED THE SAME are both homonyms (same sound) and homographs (same spelling). Example: lie (untruth) and lie (prone); fair (county fair), fair (reasonable).
|Term |Meaning |Spelling |Pronunciation | |Homonym |Different |Same |Same | |Homograph |Different |Same |Same or different | |Homophone |Different |Same or different |Same | |Heteronym |Different |Same |Different | |Heterograph |Different |Different |Same | |Polyseme |Different but related |Same |Same or different | |Capitonym |Different when |Same except for |Same or different | | |capitalized |capitalization | |
Homographs are words with the same spelling, but sometimes different pronunciations.
▪ bass (fish; instrument)
▪ lead (metal; go first)
▪ primer (textbook; undercoat of paint)