* Ancient Russian
-Russia was formed by colonizing cites which later on formed the Russian Empire. -A warrior named Rurik came into the eastern part of Russia with a group of Scandinavians, known as the Varangians crossed the Baltic Sea and emerged into Russia. -He & his partner, Oleg, took over cities, but helped invest into them. -Oleg managed to gain control of the lower region of Russia, which later on his son took over. -Faith was a big factor back then, according the Greek Orthodox religion, Vladimir decided against Islam partly because of his belief that his people could not live under a religion that prohibits hard liquor -Vladimir was succeeded by Yaroslav the Wise, whose reign marked the apogee of Kievan Rus'. Yaroslav codified laws, made shrewd alliances with other states, encouraged the arts, and all the other sorts of things that wise kings do. -kingdom falls, Yaroslav dies in 1054
-Kievan Rus’ broke up the division and let the country come together -Moscow was then formed which then became the heart of Russia. * The Mongols and the Emergence of Moscow
-Kievan Rus' struggled on into the 13th century, but was decisively destroyed by the arrival of a new invader--the Mongols. -In 1237, the grandson of Rus’ came into control of the empire, this led the Mongols to take an advantage of the new king so they destroyed almost all the cities Rus’ have created in Russia. -War began between the Moscow kingdom and the Mongols.
-In the best news of the era for Russia, both were decisively defeated by the great warrior Alexander Nevsky, a prince of Novgorod who earned his surname from his victory over the Swedes on the Neva River. -As a sign of the city's importance, the patriarchate of the Russian Orthodox Church was transferred to the city, Moscow, making it the spiritual capital of Russia. -1480, after another century had passed, that Moscow was strong enough to throw off Tatar rule for good. However, it wasn't until the reign of his grandson, Ivan IV (the Terrible), that Russia became a unified state. - Ivan “the Terrible” succeeded his father, Vasily III, as Grand Duke of Moscow in 1533 at 3 years old. - Ivan’s mother died when Ivan was 8 years old.
-He had control of the military at the age of 1547.
-He then began his conquer (or invasion) of Siberia in 1552. -When Ivan was growing up his temper worsen which led to him killing his own son with an Iron rod. Ivan died in the year 1584, which led to the next ruler, Fyodor, however he gave his seat to his brother- in –law, Boris Godunov. -When Fyodor died, Godunov was given the title “Tsar”, but his ruler ship was limited. -Dmitri, the younger brother of Fyodor, led the Polish to invade Russia and the death of Godunov in 1604 in the era, “Time of Troubles”. -Finally, in 1613, the Poles were ousted from Moscow, and the boyars unanimously elected Michael Romanov as Tsar. The Romanov dynasty was to rule Russia for the next 304 years, until the Russian Revolution brought an end to the Tsarist state. * The Romanovs
-For the first few generations, the Romanovs were happy to maintain the statusquo in Russia -The time of Peter the Great & Catherine the Great
PETER THE GREAT
- Born in Moscow, Russia on June 9, 1672, Peter the Great was a Russian czar in the late 17th century who is best known for his extensive reforms in an attempt to establish Russia as a great nation. He created a strong navy, reorganized his army according to Western standards, secularized schools, administered greater control over the reactionary Orthodox Church, and introduced new administrative and territorial divisions of the country. CATHERINE THE GREAT
- Catherine II, often called Catherine the Great, was born on May 2, 1729, in Stettin, Prussia (now Szczecin, Poland), and became the Russian empress in 1762. Under her reign, Russia expanded its territories and modernized, following the lead of Western Europe. * Napoleon's Invasion of Russia
- In June of...