Whap Chapter 18 Hrt

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History Reading & Thinking Note Sheet (2011 AD)Name/Period: Caroline Johnson / 6th

Chapter/Reading (Pages): 18th /388- 403

Chronology (Time Period): 1450- 1750: Early modern period

Most Important Ideas (Minimum of 5 - (Big Picture, themes, changes, continuities, etc):

1. Serfdom of Russia: Serfs were not given many rights, but were used for labor on the large lands the powerful leaders and people of the time had 2. . Catherine the Great: German born Russian tsarina in the 18th century; ruled after the assassination of her husband; gave appearance of enlightened rule 3. Ivan IV: Ivan the terrible; confirmed power of tsarist autocracy by attacking authority of boyars (aristocrats); continued policy of Russian expansion 4. Expansion: Russia was stretching western and forming a borderland between eastern and western Europe 5. Trade dependence: Russia traded furs which led to the population growth

Key People (Minimum of 3 - Who are they? Why are they important?):

1. Peter 1: Autocrat; Peter the Great; son of Alexis Romanov; ruled 1689 to 1725; included more definite interest in changing selected aspects of economy and the culture through imitation of western European models

2. Catherine the Great: German born Russian tsarina in the 18th century; ruled after the assassination of her husband; gave appearance of enlightened rule

3. Ivan III: Prince of Duchy of Moscow; responsible for freeing Russia from Mongols after 1462; took title of tsar or Caesar

Key Technology: (Cite at least 3 examples of technology referred to in the reading)

1. Onion shaped domes created in Russia

2. Improved army’s weaponry

3. Built up mining industries

Cultural Impact: (Minimum 3 examples - Religion, Arts, Traditions, Philosophy):

1. Systemized law code: revised tax system; used to bring talented nonnobles into the system 2. Serfs: used for labor of the large lands acquired by many of the time

3. Agricultural traditions: the methods used were traditional and used for a long time; thoughts of advancements in the methods were shot down

Social History (Minimum 3 examples - Gender, hierarchical, racial, international, and/or ethnic relationships in the reading):

1. 1.System of serfdom: used to do the jobs and maintain the land of the large lands owned at the time 2.
3. 2.Serfs taxed and policed by landlords
4. Peasants tortured to work harder

Key Terms (Places, documents, battles, vocabulary, important cities, etc.):

Ivan III: Prince of Duchy of Moscow; responsible for freeing Russia from Mongols after 1462; took title of tsar or Caesar Ivan IV: Ivan the terrible; confirmed power of tsarist autocracy by attacking authority of boyars (aristocrats); continued policy of Russian expansion Cossacks: peasants recruited to migrate to newly seized lands in Russia, particularly in south; combined agriculture with military conquests; spurred additional frontier conquests and settlements Time of troubles: followed death of Russian tsar Ivan IV without her heir early in the 17th century; boyars attempted to use vacuum of power to reestablish their authority Romanov Dynasty: dynasty elected in 1613 at the end Time of Troubles; ruled Russia until 1917 Alexis Romanov: Second Romanov tsar; abolished assemblies of nobles; gained new powers over Russian Orthodox church Old Believers: Russians who refused to accept the ecclesiastical reforms of Alexis Romanov Peter I: Peter the Great; son of Alexis Romanov; ruled 1689 to 1725; included more definite interest in changing selected aspects of economy and the culture through imitation of western European models Catherine the Great: German born Russian tsarina in the 18th century; ruled after the assassination of her husband; gave appearance of enlightened rule Pugachev rebellion: 1770’s; led by Cossack Emelian Pugachev; eventually crushed; typical of peasant unrest during the 18th century Partition of Poland:...
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