History 120

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Europeans were searching for new routes to the east for spices, silk and gold. Spanish expansion was indicated by Christopher Columbus arrival in America. He was exploring the southern and western America in their quest of gold. Columbus, sailed from Spain in 1492 in effort to find the new trade route and instead found a "new world".  This world had many items, which the Europeans wanted - corn, tobacco, cocoa, sugar and gold. After the sugar cane plantations were established by the Spanish, one clergyman allowed that the Native Americans were falling ill while working the fields and that slaves from Africa should be brought in given their knowledge of planting.  This is how the Atlantic Slave trade began which resulted in the triangular trade network. English Most colonies established by royal charter. Earliest settlements were in Virginia and Massachusetts but soon spread all along the Atlantic coast, from Maine to Georgia, and into the continent’s interior as far as the Mississippi River. Distance from England and a frugal Parliament allowed colonists to set up local governments and representative assemblies and to tax themselves, as long as they did not take up arms against the Crown. French First colonies were trading posts in Newfoundland; others followed in wake of exploration of the St. Lawrence valley, parts of Canada, and the Mississippi River. Settlements include Quebec (1608) and Montreal (1642). Louisiana settled in the late 1600s Even though Protestants had played a role in the founding of New France, from around 1659 on they were excluded from the colony. Colonial life was largely controlled by the French Catholic clergy. Despite conversion efforts of missionaries, French respect for Native Americans allowed many to forge alliances, especially in their wars against the British. Spanish Crown-sponsored conquests gained riches for Spain and expanded its empire. Most of the southern and southwestern regions claimed, as well as sections of the...
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