Hairdressing Services Offered in Salons

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I. THE MAIN HAIRDRESSING SERVICES OFFERED IN SALON

1. CUTTING- cutting hair either to restyle and create a new look or trim off the ends.

1. CUTTING- cutting hair either to restyle and create a new look or trim off the ends.

a) Basic cutting techniques

Club cutting- cutting hair held in the fingers, the hair is held taut between the index and the middle finger and cut in a straight line.

Scissor-over-comb- cutting hair through the comb, used mainly on short layering and short graduation, the hair are cut while in continual motion with wet or a dry hair as it uses the comb as a guide instead of the fingers.

Clipper-over-comb- same technique as scissor over comb; instead of using scissors the clippers whisk away the hair.

Free-hand - cutting hair without holding it in the fingers or in the comb; often used to finish fringes or hairlines.

Pointing - using the ends of the scissors to cut small pieces of hair from the ends of a section, to remove some of the weight, to soften a hard line or to add texture.

Thinning- can be done with scissors or a razor for reducing bulk from thicker hair without reducing the overall length.

b) Basic cutting – looks

One length- all being cut in a blunt line without any layers or graduation.
One length- all being cut in a blunt line without any layers or graduation.

Graduation- a cutting technique that joins together longer
hair that over falls shorter hair in one continuous cutting angle.
Graduation- a cutting technique that joins together longer
hair that over falls shorter hair in one continuous cutting angle.

Layers- produces a multi-length effect.
Layers- produces a multi-length effect.

2. SETTING- is the technique of using rollers, pins and clips to dry hair in a particular style or shape.

3. COLOURING- is a permanent or temporary change to all or some section of hair, darker or lighter.

a) Colouring techniques

Full head- colouring of all the hair.

Regrowth- colouring the new growth on clients who have previously had their hair coloured.

Highlights- fine section of hair are lightened with permanent colour or bleach to create a softer, lightening effect.

Lowlights- fine sections of hair are coloured darker or richer, with permanent colour.

Semi-permanent- is a non-damaging colour that does not use strong chemicals or activators and slowly washes out of the hair.

Frosting/ shoeshine- bleach or permanent colour is added to the hair tips, edges or other specific places on hairstyle.

Patch test is required 24-48 hours prior hair colouring to prevent allergic reaction to the product.

4. PERMING (permanent wave)- the process of permanently adding curls to the hair where rollers are put in the hair and chemicals are used to break down and re-form the structure of the hair.

a) Types of perm

Alkaline perms- fairly strong (ph of 8 to 9.5), good for achieving strong, pronounced movement and curl, may cause hair damage, work well with normal to greasy hair types.

Acid perms- lower ph strength ( 4.5 to 6.5) and gentler in the way that they work. Suited for delicate, drier, more porous hair types.

Exothermic perms- similar to acid perms in their chemical composition, the only difference is that...
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