Guidelines in Writing Researches

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CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
The Role of Research in Total Development
The role of research in the total development of a country cannot be undermined. Twenty-five percent of a country’s development enabler - the biggest chunk among competitive enablers - is its manpower’s research and development productivity. Many even wonder, let alone argue as to what are the indicators used to rank universities in Asia when many believe many a university in the country are much better than their counterparts in other parts of the continent. Again, it is the research productivity of its faculty and academic support, and the number of quality researches – researches that get to land in ISI journals- that spell the difference. The role of research in total development is illustrated in Fig. 1. As shown in the figure, economic, social, cultural and political advancements have their basis on research. The four major thrusts of CHED, namely quality and excellence, access and equity, relevance and responsiveness, and efficiency and effectiveness generate technologically directed, innovative/creative, locally responsive and globally competitive research.

Fig. 1. Role of Research in Total Development
The paradigm shown in the figure depicts the economic, cultural, social and political benefits the country drives through research. Studies of the educational processes and governance of the educational institutions have generated a wealth of knowledge about the cultural factors that impinge on the institutions’ capability to perform the functions of instructions, research, extension and productivity. Research in higher education, therefore, contributes to the improvement of the quality of life of the Filipinos.

In the Philippines, however, the future and environment for research are not yet well developed. The Congressional Education Commission (EDCOM) of 1992 described the outputs of research produced by higher education institutions as “repetitive and stereotyped” and heavily based in favor of education and allied fields with science and mathematics given the least attention. EDCOM further reported that the quality of research outputs was below world standards.

Several reasons for the dismal research environment and culture in higher education institutions were offered. Among these are the lack of appreciation for the importance of research to national development, inadequacy of information education campaign on research results, inadequacy of funds allocated for research, lack of research facilities and library resources, and weak coordination among higher education institutions to support research.

Definition of Terms
Research is defined as the systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of data to answer a certain question or solve a problem. The types or typology of different forms of research varies according mainly on aim. In the academe, student researches could either be a thesis or a dissertation. A thesis is a scholarly research activity where the main purpose is to critically review theories and prove their truthfulness. A dissertation, on the other hand, is a formal exposition where the main purpose is to critically review paradigms that are not just proven as to their truthfulness but to affirm irrefutably once proven as such. Both aforesaid researches are academic requirements to complete academic programs, but if the research conducted is one that is not mainly aimed as part of the completion of academic requirements but to effect change, contribute to the pool of known and available knowledge or just simply to satisfy the innate curiosity of the human mind, then it is called plainly as research. Thus, when a faculty member conducts a research as part of the academic requirements to complete his master’s or doctorate degree, then that research is called a thesis or a dissertation, but not a faculty research. But if a faculty member conducts research not as part of the responsibility and mission of the academe...
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