Quiz V Study Guide (Greed)
Humanities 102: Introduction to Western Civilization
1. Phyllis Tickle is the author of our current text, Greed. What is Ms. Tickle's profession? -A religion editor for a trade journal
2. How does Tickle define or, if you like, describe religion? -From that perspective, religion is most accurately seen as a rope or cable of meaning that stretches through human history and has anchored, in one form or another, every culture or subculture of human society from its beginning
3. The metaphor Tickle uses to describe religion invokes the notion of strands, as in strings or threads. How many strands does she cite in her description of religion? the strands are three in number: spirituality, corporeality, and morality.
4. The threads of religion are held together, according to Tickle, by an insulating, porous “inner sleeve.” What is this sleeve that holds together the strands of religion? Common or shared imagination
5. The sleeve and inner strands of religion are “protected,” according to Tickle, by an outer casing or skin. What is this supposedly protective casing? A story
6. When the outer casing and inner sleeve of religion rupture or are torn and the inner strands “are exposed to view,” what generally happens to religion, according to Tickle? Culture must start over, however positioning will never be the same 7. During what centuries, according to Tickle, has religion in the Western world undergone the most radical transformation of “rupturing, configuring, and informing” since the Protestant Reformation? 20th
8. How, according to Tickle, has the “spirituality” of Americans significantly changed in the most recent major shift of thinking with respect to matters of religion? it is now more appreciated among us than it was a century ago, but it is also considerably less voguish than it was, for instance, three decades ago
9. Tickle refers to “overt and institutionalized evidences of religion--its real estate, clergy, administrative and professional hierarchies, institutions of learning and healing, canons, requirements of membership, legal status, budgets, etc.” To which strand of religion is she making reference? corporeality
10. In the painting by Mario Donizetti, Avarice (1996), a figure clutches a bag or sack. What is the apparent gender of this figure? Female
11. In the painting by Mario Donizetti, Avarice (1996), below the nude and to the right lies the figure of something. It might be an emaciated body or corpse. What is attached at the far end of this figure that calls to mind the image of the living figure who seems to look down toward it? Mask???
12. Morality, according to Tickle, sometimes “slips its encasement in story and intertwines itself with” schemes of action and belief other than religion. When this happens, what else might we call it? Situational Ethics
13. A growing, popular consideration of morality, according to Phyllis Tickle, has led to an increasing preoccupation, especially American, with another concept. What is this other concept? sin
14. Western religious traditions like Judaism, Christiantiy, and Islam are persuaded that sin has spiritual consequences in human life. With what other concept do Eastern traditions tend to address issues of spiritual development or growth in life? obsticles
15. Humans come into the experience of time constructed and equipped not only with body parts and consciousness, according to Tickle, but also with “inescapable companions of the interior” who taunt us. What does she call these troublesome companions? demon
16. Tickle refers to “the seven,” by which she means, of course, the seven deadly sins. Without them we “would never rest or eat or procreate or build or aspire,” she writes. We also would not murder, steal, or lie. What is it that the “fascinating seven” make us? human
17. How is it, according to Tickle, that greed differs from the other deadly sins?
18. In an effort to combat her own...