Good Agriculture Practices

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  • Topic: Agriculture, Sime Darby, Pest control
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  • Published : November 9, 2012
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AGRICULTURE AND MAN
PRT2008
(KUMP 45)
GOOD AGRICULTURE PRACTICES
(GAP)
IN MALAYSIA
PROF . ZAHARAH ABDUL RAHMAN

GROUP MEMBERS






NORAFIZZA BT MAHAT
NUR AMIRA HANIM BT AZMAN
CHAN WEE ANN
LIEW HUI QING
JIVITHA THANARAJAN

169797
168494
169638
168358
161812

INTRODUCTION

• The term Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) can refer to any collection of specific methods, which when applied to agriculture, produce results that are in harmony with the values of the proponents of those practices.

• There are numerous competing definitions of what methods constitute "Good Agricultural Practices", so whether a practice can be considered "good" will depend on the standards you are applying. • Lets us look at one particular definition of "Good Agricultural Practices" as defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations

• Description of the UN FAO GAPs :
i) Good Agricultural Practices are a collection of principles to apply for on-farm production and post-production processes, resulting in safe and healthy food and non-food agricultural products, while taking into account economical, social and environmental

sustainability.
ii) GAPs may be applied to a wide range of farming systems and at different scales. They are applied through sustainable agricultural methods, such as integrated pest management, integrated fertilizer management and conservation agriculture.



GOOD
AGRICULTURE
PRACTICES IN
MALAYSIA

1. Animal health
 Prevent the spread of disease onto the farm
• Animals that are identified of their disease status can
only be allowed to be brought onto the farm.
• Cattle transport on and off the farm that do not carry
any disease have to be ensured.
• The farm must have secure boundaries/fencing.
• If possible, limit access of people and wildlife into the farm.
• Have a flea control programme for the livestock.
• Only use clean equipment from the right and reliable
source.

 Use only prescribed chemicals and veterinary
medicines for farm usage
• Use chemicals according to instructions with appropriate dosages and observe suitable withholding periods.
• Only use prescribed veterinary medicines by
veterinarians and observe specified withholding periods.
• Store chemicals and veterinary medicines securely and
dispose of them properly.
 Train people appropriately
• Have procedures in check for detecting and handling sick animals and veterinary chemicals.
• Make sure all people are undergo sufficient training to
carry out their tasks correctly.
• Choose reliable sources for advice.

2. Milking hygiene
 Ensure milking procedures do not injure cows or
contaminate the produced milk
• Ensure suitable udder preparation for milking.
• Ensure consistency in application of milking techniques. • Isolate milk from sick or treated animals.
• Ensure milking equipment is correctly installed and
maintained.
• Ensure enough supply of clean water
 Ensure milking is carried out under hygienic conditions
• Ensure housing environment is clean at all times.
• Ensure milking area is kept clean.
• Ensure the milkers follow basic hygiene rules.

3. Animal feeding and water
 Ensure animal feed and water are of high level of quality • Keeping animals healthy with high quality feed.
• Prevent water supplies and animal feed materials from
chemical contamination.
• Avoid chemical contamination due to farming practices.
 Control storage conditions of feed
• No microbiological or toxin contamination or undesirable use of prohibited feed ingredients or veterinary
preparations.
• Keeping animals healthy with good quality feed.

4. Animal welfare
 Animals are free from thirst, hunger and malnutrition
• Provide enough feed (forage and/or fodder) and water daily. • Control stocking rates and/or supplementary feeding to ensure sufficient water, feed and fodder supply.
• Protect animals from toxic plants and other harmful substances. •...
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