AGRICULTURE AND MAN
GOOD AGRICULTURE PRACTICES
PROF . ZAHARAH ABDUL RAHMAN
NORAFIZZA BT MAHAT
NUR AMIRA HANIM BT AZMAN
CHAN WEE ANN
LIEW HUI QING
• The term Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) can refer to any collection of specific methods, which when applied to agriculture, produce results that are in harmony with the values of the proponents of those practices.
• There are numerous competing definitions of what methods constitute "Good Agricultural Practices", so whether a practice can be considered "good" will depend on the standards you are applying. • Lets us look at one particular definition of "Good Agricultural Practices" as defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations
• Description of the UN FAO GAPs :
i) Good Agricultural Practices are a collection of principles to apply for on-farm production and post-production processes, resulting in safe and healthy food and non-food agricultural products, while taking into account economical, social and environmental
ii) GAPs may be applied to a wide range of farming systems and at different scales. They are applied through sustainable agricultural methods, such as integrated pest management, integrated fertilizer management and conservation agriculture.
1. Animal health
Prevent the spread of disease onto the farm
• Animals that are identified of their disease status can
only be allowed to be brought onto the farm.
• Cattle transport on and off the farm that do not carry
any disease have to be ensured.
• The farm must have secure boundaries/fencing.
• If possible, limit access of people and wildlife into the farm.
• Have a flea control programme for the livestock.
• Only use clean equipment from the right and reliable
Use only prescribed chemicals and veterinary
medicines for farm usage
• Use chemicals according to instructions with appropriate dosages and observe suitable withholding periods.
• Only use prescribed veterinary medicines by
veterinarians and observe specified withholding periods.
• Store chemicals and veterinary medicines securely and
dispose of them properly.
Train people appropriately
• Have procedures in check for detecting and handling sick animals and veterinary chemicals.
• Make sure all people are undergo sufficient training to
carry out their tasks correctly.
• Choose reliable sources for advice.
2. Milking hygiene
Ensure milking procedures do not injure cows or
contaminate the produced milk
• Ensure suitable udder preparation for milking.
• Ensure consistency in application of milking techniques. • Isolate milk from sick or treated animals.
• Ensure milking equipment is correctly installed and
• Ensure enough supply of clean water
Ensure milking is carried out under hygienic conditions
• Ensure housing environment is clean at all times.
• Ensure milking area is kept clean.
• Ensure the milkers follow basic hygiene rules.
3. Animal feeding and water
Ensure animal feed and water are of high level of quality • Keeping animals healthy with high quality feed.
• Prevent water supplies and animal feed materials from
• Avoid chemical contamination due to farming practices.
Control storage conditions of feed
• No microbiological or toxin contamination or undesirable use of prohibited feed ingredients or veterinary
• Keeping animals healthy with good quality feed.
4. Animal welfare
Animals are free from thirst, hunger and malnutrition
• Provide enough feed (forage and/or fodder) and water daily. • Control stocking rates and/or supplementary feeding to ensure sufficient water, feed and fodder supply.
• Protect animals from toxic plants and other harmful substances. •...
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