Geography

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  • Topic: Wind, Basic meteorological concepts and phenomena, Climate
  • Pages : 43 (8944 words )
  • Download(s) : 26
  • Published : May 19, 2013
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S t ud y G ui de

Geography
Grade 11

Contents

Contents
General Introduction ............................................................................................ 1 Introduction to geographical skills and techniques................................................ 2 Unit 1 Mapwork skills ........................................................................................... 2 Unit 2 Working with 1:50 000 topographic maps .................................................... 7 Unit 3 Aerial photographs and orthophoto maps .................................................. 11 Unit 4 Geographical Information Systems ........................................................... 14 Unit 5 Using atlases ............................................................................................17 Unit 6 Fieldwork................................................................................................. 19 Questions ......................................................................................................... 20 Topic 1 The atmosphere...................................................................................... 22 Unit 1 The Earth’s energy balance ....................................................................... 22 Unit 2 Global air circulation ................................................................................ 28 Unit 3 Africa’s weather and climate ..................................................................... 40 Unit 4 Droughts and desertification .................................................................... 46 Questions ..........................................................................................................51 Topic 2 Geomorphology ..................................................................................... 56 Unit 1 Topography associated with horizontally layered rocks .............................. 56 Unit 2 Topography associated with inclined rock strata ....................................... 59 Unit 3 Topography associated with massive igneous rocks .................................. 62 Unit 4 Slopes ..................................................................................................... 65 Unit 5 Mass movements and human responses ................................................... 68 Questions ......................................................................................................... 72 Topic 3 Development geography ......................................................................... 80 Unit 1 The concept of development ..................................................................... 80 Unit 2 Frameworks for development .................................................................... 86 Unit 3 Trade and development ............................................................................ 90 Unit 4 Development issues and challenges ......................................................... 95 Unit 5 Role of development aid ........................................................................... 99 Questions ....................................................................................................... 102

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Contents

Topic4 Resources and sustainability ................................................................. 109 Unit 1 Using resources ..................................................................................... 109 Unit 2 Soils and soil erosion .............................................................................. 112 Unit 3 Conventional energy sources and their impact on the environment ............ 117 Unit 4 Non-conventional energy sources ............................................................ 121 Unit 5 Energy management in South Africa ......................................................... 125 Questions...
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