Treaty of St Germain
When Austria agreed to the breakup of the Habsburg Empire. •
Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia as independent countries •
Austrian army limited to 30,000
Treat of Neuilly
Signed with Bulgaria
Bulgaria lost land to Greece but gained some from Turkey •
$400 million reparations
20,000 army size
Treaty of Trianon
The Treaty of Trianon with Hungary in 1920 took land from Hungary and gave it to the new nation-states. Transylvania was given to Romania, and land was given to Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.
Treaty of Sevres
The Treaty of Sèvres with Turkey in 1920 was mainly about splitting up the Turkish empire between France and Britain, but as part of the Treaty, most of the small area of Turkey-in-Europe around Constantinople was given to Greece. In fact, however, this did not last very long – the Turks went to war with the Greeks and drove them out, and the Treaty of Lausanne 1923 gave back this land to Turkey.
The Locarno Pact
The Locarno pact allowed Germany to join the League of Nations and established that they would have to respect the shared borders of France and Belgium.
Kellogg Briand Pact
The Pact of Paris was signed by 15 nations—Australia, Belgium, Canada, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, the Irish Free State, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Poland, South Africa, and the United States. The contracting parties agreed that settlement of all conflicts, no matter of what origin or nature, that might arise among them should be sought only by pacific means and that war was to be renounced as an instrument of national policy. Although 62 nations ultimately ratified the pact, it was ineffective because no one enforced it.
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