Functional Anatomy and Kinesiology Objectives

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Functional Anatomy / Kinesiology Objectives
Identify bone & muscle features for the major joints of the body Label bones, bony features, and muscles on a skeletal chart List the muscles that produce the p p primary movements y Identify/palpate these muscles on a human subject Analyze basic movements in terms of muscle actions Analyze what muscles are involved in basic exercises and movements

Required Text:
R.T. Floyd (2009)

Syllabus on BB Please read! grading policies Course outline

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Skeletal System
Functional Anatomical / Kinesiology
Anatomy –– Structure of body parts, their forms & arrangements Kinesiology –– Study of movement MOVEMENT is the underlying theme during our regional tour BB BB

206 Bones in the body 187 Joints Skeletal System:
1) 2)

Axial: skull, vertebral column, ribs, & sternum Appendicular: extremities (appendages)

Functions of Bone
1. Support 2. Protect organs 3. Assist in Movement 4. Mineral storage electrolyte balance acid base balance

Joint structural classification

5. Site of blood cell production 6. Storage of energy 7. Maintain calcium level in blood BB BB
From Booher, J.M., Thibodeau, G.A. (2000). Athletic injury assessment, 4th ed, McGraw-Hill: NY

See pp. 19, table 1.6

1

Synovial (Diarthrodial) Joints

Synovial (Diarthrodial) Joints

TYPES
1. Gliding

TYPES

2. Pivot
uniaxial
Example: RadioRadio-ulnar joints
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nonaxial
Example: Intertarsal joints
18

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18

Synovial (Diarthrodial) Joints

Synovial (Diarthrodial) Joints

TYPES

TYPES

3. Hinge
uniaxial
Example: HumeroHumero-ulnar joint
Medial or Lateral view?
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4. Ellipsoidal (Condyloid)
biaxial
Example: Metacarpophalangeal Joints (2-5) (218
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18

Synovial (Diarthrodial) Joints

Synovial (Diarthrodial) Joints

TYPES

TYPES

5. Saddle
biaxial
Example: Carpometacarpal (I)
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6. Ball-and-Socket
triaxial
Example:
Coxofemoral (Hip) Joint
18
BB

18

2

Anatomical Position
Palms facing forward

Superior & Inferior
Cephalic

Caudal
Toes pointing downward BB

2

BB

2

Medial & Lateral

Anterior & Posterior
FRONT
BACK

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2

BB

2

Proximal & Distal

Ipsilateral / Contralateral Superficial / Deep

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2

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2

3

Analyzing Movements: Planes & Axes
Axes & Planes

Lateral Axis (medio-lateral, frontal)

“In the In Sagittal Plane”

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7

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7

“About a Lateral Axis”

Analyzing Movements: Planes & Axes
Axes & Planes
Antero-posterior Axis (sagittal) “In the Frontal Plane”

“About an Antero-posterior Axis”
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7

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7

Axes & Planes
also longitudinal axis

Analyzing Movements: Planes & Axes
“About the Vertical Axis”

Transverse plane BB

“In the Horizontal Plane”
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7

7

4

Movement Terminology
Remember the anatomical position when referring to these movements!

“flexion”
decreasing angle

plane, axis ???

extension “extension”
increasing angle
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23

25

“hyperextension”
excessive extension
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See pp. 23, table 1.7

sagittal plane, lateral axis

“rotation” “ABDuction”
away from mid-line
around longitudinal axis plane ??? plane, plane axis ???
frontal plane anterior axis
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ADDuction “ADDuction”
toward midline

frontal plane, anterior axis

“circumduction”
distal end in circle; proximal end stable

“inversion”
sole of foot in medial direction - “inward”

“eversion”
sole of foot in lateral direction - “outward”
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5

“plantarflexion”
top of foot away from tibia

“protraction”
forward

“dorsiflexion”
top of foot toward tibia
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“retraction”
backward
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“elevation”
upward

“pronation”
“palm down”

“depression”
downward
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“supination”
“palm up”
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to carry a bowl of soup

Muscles: Review

“Radial Deviation”
“Thumb up”

muscle shortening = concentric action

“Ulnar Deviation”
“Pinky down”
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6

Muscles: Review
muscle lengthening =...
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