Exam 2 Review Cultural Anthropology . . What does the discipline of ecology study? o What term did we use to refer to “a beneficial adjustment”? o What is different about ecological studies of humans? What does patterns of subsistence mean? o What is the difference between food foraging and food producing? o Can you define horticulture? Pastoralism? Agriculture? What is swidden? o When did some human populations begin to switch to agriculture? o What is Jared Diamond’s main argument in “Adaptive Failure: Easter’s End”? What is the definition and application of the following modes of exchange? o Market exchange? Redistribution? Reciprocity? What are the three types of reciprocity? How are they different from each other? o What does Lee Cronk tell us about the Kula Ring in “Reciprocity and the Power of Giving”? What is it? Where does it take place? Who participates? What does the economy organize? o Are peasants a part of the global capitalist system? Why or why not? o What is the difference between capitalism and socialism? What is the function of politics as a social institution? o What is the definition of the following forms of political organization? Bands Chiefdoms Tribes State o What is a nation? How does this differ from a state? o What types of leaders does Marvin Harris identify in “Life Without Chiefs”? o What is bureaucracy? What are Weber’s six theoretical components? o What did Antonio Gramsci call the indirect power that he identified? What is the difference between status and role? o What are the two types of status? Can you provide examples of each? What is a master status? o What are the two types of social groups? o What do we call any system of social ranking? What is the definition of class? Caste? Meritocracy? What are the two sides in the debate on the cause of poverty? o What did Karl Marx say about the origin of class distinctions? Can you identify people, places, and topics from the film Roger and Me?