Exam 1

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1.Each of the following is a major category of abilities EXCEPT:
- B) Creativity
2.In Deci's theory of intrinsic motivation, the enjoyment gained from task-challenge decreases when:
- b) External rewards for success are provided
3.A mechanistic organization exhibits:
- d) all of the above
4.Goals most likely to be obtained are:
- D) All of the above
5.Many researchers have criticized Maslow's Need Hierarchy Theory because there is no clear evidence that:
-d) all of the above
6."Feedback," in goal-setting theory, refers to:
-b) information
7.Which of the following is not a managerial implication of VIE theory?
-d) reward all employees exactly the same.
8.Goal setting theory of motivation is similar to expectancy theory in that:
- D) all of the Above
9.End of term grades are an example of which of the following reinforcement schedules?
-D) Fixed Interval
10.According to equity theory, which of the following is an individual likely to do when he or she experiences a condition of inequity?
-d) Any of the above
11.Attribution theory is an area of study:
-a) regarding the cognitive processes that people use to interpret the reasons their behavior
12.A direct link between rewards and performance is absolutely necessary in order to motivate workers according to:
-b) VIE theory
13.Underpaid piece-rate workers are most likely to:
-d) none of the above
14."Feedback," in operant conditioning theory, refers to:
-a) reinforcement
15.The natural tendency of an organization to break apart or differentiate as it increases in size is called:
-c) entropy
16.Which reinforcement schedule produces behavior that is most resistant to extinction?
-b) variable interval
17.A worker's belief that higher quantity of output will lead to an eventual promotion is called:
- C) P=0
18.A person with a strong tendency to attribute success and failure outcomes to good or bad luck or to the simplicity/ difficulty of the task is known as being:
-C) external locus of control
19.What causal attribution would a person form if the behavior observed were high in consistency, low in distinctiveness, and low in consensus?
-a) Stable internal cause
20.Which characterizes high need for achievement people?
-d) a tendency to seek feedback on one’s performance
21.According to Locke's goal-setting theory of motivation:
-a) specificity of goals is related to performance
22.When trying to eliminate alternative explanations, the danger encountered when comparing groups that were not the same to begin with is known as the:
B) Selection threat
23.When trying to eliminate alternative explanations, the danger encountered when the real cause was not the change you made but something else that happened during the experiment is known as the:

-d) history threat
24.Which of the following is true regarding individuals with an internal locus of control?
-b) They tend to be self-motivated
25.Cognitive structures that...
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