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Lesson#2
Pronunciation

Today we’ll discuss on Pronunciation. You know all the English alphabets are divided into to parts: consonant and Vowel. In this class we’re going to talk about Vowels. I can divide the vowel sounds into four classes.

1. Pure Vowels.[Numbering 12: A, At/It, Av, Av, Avt, A¨vt B, C, G,G¨v, D, E,] 2. Diphthongs. [Numbering 8: AvB, GB, AD, AvD, BAv, GAv, DAv,] 3. Triphthongs.[Numbering 5: GBAv, AvBAv, ABAv, AvDAv, AvDAv,] 4. Semi Vowels.[Numbering 2: W,Y/ AšÍ¯Í-e, q/ IA, B.]

So we see that total vowel sound in English is 25.
I’ll try to make the matter clear to you all by discussing the vowels comparing with Bengali vowels. The pure (12)vowels can again be divided into two parts:
1.Short Vowel: [ A, Av, Av, B, D, G, G¨v, ]
2.Long Vowel: [ At, Avt, A¨vt, C, E,]
The mark colon (:) denotes the length mark of the sound followed by. Table Of English Pure Vowels.

NoPure VowelsExamples in words and transcription
1.i/BBit, fill, hill, mill, sick, sing, ship.
2.i:/Cbeat, feel, heel, meal, seek, Seen, sheep,
3.e/GMen, pen, said, bed,
4.æ/G¨vMan, pan, sad, bad,
5.AHot, pot, fox, cot,
6.AtHalt, port, forks, caught,
7.DFoot, full, pull, would/wood.
8.EBoot, fool, pool, wooed.
9ә/AvAgo, against, above, adjust,
10Avhut, , cut, cup, but,
11AvtHeart, cart, carp, march,
12A¨vtHeard, bird, burn, turn.

Rule-1: If there comes two or more vowels together they generally make long sound.

Rule-2: If there is a consonant after r, the r is not pronounced. And the vowel before the r will be long.

Vowels In Contrast

Short ALong AtShort AvLong Avt/A¨vtShort DLong E
BookShoot
Bon BornBunBarn, burn FootBoot
CodCordTonTurnFullFool
Dock-DuckDarkGoodRude
FoxForksCupCarpLookLoot
HotHaltHutHeartPullPool
Lock-LuckLarkWould/woodWooed
Lost-LustLastPut.Adieu
Not Naught CutCartBosomBlue
PotPortHushHarshBrookCrude
ShotShortShutShirtBullGroup
SotSort-BushShoe
Tot Taught CouldSluice
TookBeauty
WomanChew
Soup
Juice
Fruit
Juice
Do
Through
True
View
You

BCGG¨vAv
KitsKeats Ketch upCatch
Brim Bream
Spick SpeakSpeck
BidBeadBedBadBud
BillBeal BellBale Bulk
BinBeanBenBanBun
BitBeatBetBatbut
ChickCheekCheck -Chuck
HillHeel, healHellHallHull
Hip Heap Hap
LickLeakLackluck
LidLeadLedLad-
LiveLeaveLev LavLove
MillMealMel MaleMull
Min Mean MenManMunch
Nit/knitNeatNetGnatNut
PickPeakPeckPackPuck
PillPeal
PinPeen PenPanPun
PipPeepPepPapPup
Piss Pees/piecePass(us)
PitPeat PetPatPutt
Pitch Peach
RichReach Wretch --
RidReed, readred--
RipReapRep Rap Rupp
Shin Sheen Shun
Ship Sheep
Shit Sheet ShedShadeShut
Sick SeekSexSacksSuck
SinSeenSenSaneSun/son
SingSeeing--Sung
SipSeep Sep SapSup
TinTeenTenTanTon
Zip ZealZen Zap -
Bitch Beach BatchButch

Table of English Diphthongs.
NoDiphthongsExamples in words
1/13ABBoyCoyJoyToyHoy
2/14AvBDineFineFivelimeTime
3/15GBDayPainTailTasteBaste
4/16AD,NoseRoseBoatSoGo
5/17AvDCowNowBowHowTow
6/18BAvHere/hearEarTearFearNear
7/19GAvChair AirPear/pairRare prayer
8/20DAvPoorTourSurePureWooer

Table of English Triphthongs:

1/21ABAvEmployer, lawyers, loyal, foyer, royal.
2/22AvBAvAdmire, conspire, dial, diaper, diet, empire, flyer, iron, annihilate, diabetic, dialect, diaphragm, dire, expire, Friar, liar, buyer, diagnose, diamond, diary, elegiac, fire. 3/23GBAvAbeyance, betrayal, greyer, layer, player, prayer, gaiety. 4/24AvDAvBorrower , follower, goer, grower, lower, mower, narrower, slower, thrower, yellowier, 5/25AvDAvBowels, bower, coward, devour, dowel, flour, flower, ours, ploughable, power, towel, tower.

Consonant

Rule-1: If...
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