ENERGY CRISIS IN PAKISTAN
Shahanshah Abbas (10-CP-05)
Babar Hussain (10-CP-27)
Daniyal Arshad (10-CP-57)
Jawwad Azam (10-CP-63)
Muhammad Qasim Tahir (10-CP-157)
DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER ENGINEERING
UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
Table of Contents
Sr.no| Topics| PageNo.|
1| Introduction| 3|
2| History| 5|
3| Current Situation| 6|
4| Political Influence| 9|
5| Peoples Reaction| 12|
6| Solutions| 14|
7| References| 16|
Energy is one of the most important sources for economic growth for any developing country. It has many forms like natural gas, hydra energy, power energy, water and thermal etc. Todays most developed countries like UK, China, Malaysia, etc. are successful because they are managing their resources in a sensible way so that they could get benefit from them for a long duration.
Moreover the economy of any country is based on its resources. Unfortunately in Pakistan is one of those countries in the world which are facing huge economic crisis. Pakistan is undergoing an unprecedented energy crisis since the last few years leading to disrupted daily routines. Though energy is the rightly referred as life line of any country’s economy but the current situation articulates that fact of abandoned socioeconomic development of the country due to contemporary energy crisis in the country.
Crises arise when the supplies are inadequate to go along with the demands. Hence the energy crisis refers to shortfall in the supply of energy resources to an economy. It usually refers to the shortage of oil, electricity, gas and other natural resources
Energy is considered to be life line of any economy and most vital instrument of socioeconomic development of a country. Energy is pivotal in running machinery in factories and industrial units, for lighting our cities and powering our vehicles etc.
There has been an enormous increase in the demand of energy as a result of industrial development and population growth, in comparison to enhancement in energy production. Supply of energy is, therefore, far less than the actual demand, resultantly crisis has emerged. An energy crisis can be defined as any great bottleneck (or price rise) in the supply of energy resources to an economy.
Pakistan is in the grip of a serious energy crisis that is affecting all sectors of the economy and the various segments of the society. As the situation stands to-day, there are hardly any immediate solutions to resolve the issue. A change of attitude and a change of life style is needed at the national level which should be triggered by the ruling elite and followed by all segments of the society that have access to electricity. At best there could be some short and long-term solutions to the crisis but they need immediate planning and execution with an enormous investment.
The purpose of this study is to analyze the nature of this crisis and to propose some short-term as well as long-term solutions to this problem. This study is exploratory in nature. We have done our best to conclude and sketch up some recommendations in the light of identified hurdles in the way of implementing the appropriate solution to our problem.
Our study finds some major wholes in our system if they are covered up we can not only overcome the deficiency of energy in our systems but also we can be able to export it to our neighboring countries.
In early 1960’s the government of Pakistan felt a desperate need of developing energy source to meet the future demand of energy. In this regard many projects were started like Tarbila dam, Mangla dam, Warsik dam and some nuclear reactor projects were also taken under consideration for making electrical energy but not implemented at that time.
The miraculous Pakistan is blessed with infinite natural resources by the God and natural gas is the most precious one. The recoverable reserves of natural gas have been...