Comm Review 3 (Final)
1.) The 8 steps of the audience-centered model of public the speaking process:
-Selecting a Narrow Topic
-Developing a Central Idea
-Generating Main Ideas
-Gathering Supporting Material
-Organizing Your Speech
-Rehearsing Your Speech
-Delivering Your Speech
*(9th) CONSIDER THE AUDIENCE
2.) The Significance of Being an Audience-Centered Public Speaker:
-Someone who considers and adapts to the audience at every stage of the
presentational speaking process. This is key to the success of any presentation. 3.) How Each of these Methods Help Speakers Manage Their Anxiety:
-Knowing How to Develop a Presentation: Just knowing what you need to do to
develop an effective presentation can boost your confidence in being able to do
-Being Prepared: Being prepared by rehearsing or reciting your speech will
reduce anxiety, will allow for a sense of familiarity.
-Focusing on Your Audience: The more you know about your audience and how
they will respond, the more comfortable you will be. Look for feedback from
audience, this will take the focus off your own anxiety.
-Focusing on Your Message: Like focussing on your audience, it keeps you from
thinking too much about how nervous you are. This also keeps you on task.
-Giving Yourself a Mental Pep-Talk: Make a conscious effort to think positively,
remind yourself that you have chosen a topic that you know about. Effective
-Using Deep-Breathing Techniques: 2 physical symptoms of nervousness are
shallow breathing and rapid heart rate. Relax and have a few deep breaths and
relax your entire body. This will increase oxygen intake and slow heart rate,
making you feel calmer and in control.
-Seeking Opportunities to Speak: The more you speak, the more comfortable you
will become speaking in public. Habituation is the process of becoming more
comfortable as you speak.
-Seeking Professional Help: For some people, the above techniques are not
enough. Getting professional help can be the only solution for some. 4.) Identify Examples that Reflect the Following Guidelines for Selecting and Narrowing a Speech Topic:
-Considering the Audience: Take into effect who your audience is and what they
will be interested in listening to, and relate your presentation towards your
-Occasion: Make sure your speech topic makes sense for the occasion you are
speaking for. Ex. Don’t speak antiwar at a war seminar.
-Personal Interests: Pick a topic that you are passionate about. The more
passion you have or a topic will make for more energy and genuine enthusiasm.
-Experiences: Speak about something relevant to your experiences, this ties in
with personal interests.
-General Purpose vs. Specific Purpose Statement:
-General Purpose: Broad reason for giving your presentation, to inform,
persuade, or entertain.
-Specific Purpose: What your audience should be able to go do by the
time you finish your presentation. Or audience behavioral goal. 5.) Specific Purpose Statement vs. Central Idea of a Speech:
-Specific Purpose Statement: Audience behavioral goal, what you want your
audience to take from your speech specifically. Guides the speaker in preparing
a presentation, it is not stated in the presentation.
-Central Idea of a Speech: Guides the audience in listening to a presentation. It is
stated at or near the end of the speech introduction. Makes a definitive point
about your topic, focusses on the content of the speech. 6.) Recall 6 Criteria For Evaluating Internet Sites:
-Accountability: Find out who is responsible for the website. Find out how
credible the site/author is. If you can’t identify or verify an author or sponsor, be
wary of using the website.
-Accuracy: Consider if the author or sponsor is credible. Assess the care with
which the website has been written. Conduct additional research into the
information on the site, you may be able to...
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