Classical Conditioning and Phobias

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  • Topic: Classical conditioning, Behaviorism, Operant conditioning
  • Pages : 4 (812 words )
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  • Published : April 17, 2013
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Classical Conditioning- AKA Respondant Conditioning
AKA Partisan Conditioning
-discovered by Ivan Pavlov (1904)
-dog with meat powder and salivation
-demonstrated empirically by John Watson (1920)
-Little Albert and the white rat

stimulus- an agent that may illicit a response
response- a behavior that results from a stimulus
neutral stimulus- a stimulus that does not automatically trigger a certain response in almost everyone
-doesn’t provoke a response from anyone usually

Unconditioned Stimulus (US)- a stimulus that will automatically trigger an innate response
-opposite of a neutral stimulus

------> LEADS TO ------>

Unconditioned Response (UR)- a response that will automatically occur giving a particular stimulus

(EX) US ---------> UR
bad odor ---> gagging
high temp ---> sweat
cold temp ---> shiver
loud noise ---> startle

Conditioned Stimulus (CS)- a stimulus that when paired with a (US) will elicit the same response as the (US) -in Pavlonian thinking a NS → CS b/c you make it have an effect on the person (i.e. white rat → Albert)

Conditioned Response (CR)- the response elicited from a CS

**IF YOU HAVE TO TEACH YOU HOW TO DO SOMETHING IT IS CONDITIONING

Pair the CS w/ the US
(bell) + (meat)
→ Get the UR
= (salivation)
Pair many times over many trials
Provide the CS alone
(bell)
Get CR
(dog salivating)

*THE CR IS THE SAME BEHAVIOR AS THE UR

meat (US) → salivate (UR)
bell (CS) → salivate (CR)

________________________________________________

RULES OF CLASSICAL CONDITIONING

1) The more a CS paired with a US, the more likely a CS will be to elicit a CR 2) The CR will be stronger if the CS always precedes the US and by about a ½ a second
-i.e. lunchbox coming at you before the professor does
3) The CR is more likely to be produced if a CS is ALWAYS paired with a US rather than only occasionally 4) If...
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