Christianity

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Kennede Reese
Chapter 13
Christianity

1.
Define Christianity’s core doctrines.
b.
Christianity
has two core doctrines. The first core doctrine is the Incarnation, which asserts that Christ is both fully divine and fully human. The second doctrine is the Trinity, which holds that God consists of three persons: Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit. 2.

What are the literal and symbolic meanings of the Greek word ixthus? a.
The Greek word for fish is the ixthus, each letter that begins a word of the phrase “Jesus Christ, Son of God, Savior.” 3.
What are the primary sources of information about the life of Jesus? a.
The New Testament Gospels, which are Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. 4.
Briefly describe the different varieties of Judaism at the time of Jesus, including their responses to the Roman rule. a.
The different varieties of Judaism are the Sadducees, Essenes, Zealots, and the Pharisees. The Sadducees were wealthy aristocrats that were conservative and they were on good terms with the rulers. The Essenes led lives of purity in desert communities to flee from trouble. The Pharisees were moderate, obeying the traditional commandments of Judaism and developing the oral Torah. The last group, the Zealots believed that the only way to achieve independence was through armed rebellion. 5.

To what was Jesus likely referring to when he spoke of the Kingdom of God? a.
When Jesus spoke of the Kingdom of God he referred to God’s intervention in history to right the wrongs of the world. 6.
What is Jesus’ radical commandment of love?
a.
Jesus said, “You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.” But I say to you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, so that you may be children of your father in heaven. The notion of loving one’s enemies was thought to be a radical idea during the time. 7.

Why was Jesus crucified? Who ordered his execution?
a.
Jesus was crucified by the Roman prefect Pontius Pilot. His radical teachings got him in trouble with the authorities. Pontius Pilot had the authority to pronounce a death sentence.

8. What does the term Gospel mean?
The Christian message is usually called by the name gospel which means "good news" and refers to the good news regarding Jesus Christ.

9. What is the doctrine of the incarnation?
The doctrine of the incarnation says that Jesus is both fully divine and fully human.

10. According to the first Epistle to the Corinthians, what is the gospel message for Paul? The gospel message for Paul was salvation and the overcoming of sin and death.

11. What does Paul say will happen at the second coming?
Paul says that the dead will be raised, and all people-living and dead will be judged.

12. What does Paul emphasize about salvation?
Paul emphasizes that salvation is not only overcoming death, but also the restoration of friendship with God. He emphasizes that salvation comes through God's grace- his presence freely given.

13. What is the origin of the term creed?
The term creed comes from the Latin word credo, "I believe," which begins the Latin version of the Apostles Creed. It is one of Christianity's most important statements of belief.

14. What two creeds were formed by the year 325?
The two creeds are: the creed of the Apostles and the Nicene creed

15. What is the doctrine of the trinity?
The doctrine of the trinity is the centerpiece of Christian belief and theology. The trinity shows that the Christian God is a triune God. He is the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.

16. What did Paul say the church is meant to be?
Paul says in his first Epistle that the church is meant to be a unified body of people.

17. What are heresies?
Heresies are opinions or doctrines at variance with accepted doctrine.

18. Why did early Christians settle on Sunday as their primary day of worship? Christians settled on Sunday as a day of worship to commemorate Christ's Resurrection and to distinguish themselves from...
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