CHAPTER 7:INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATON, LAW, AND HUMAN RIGHTS
Roles of International organizations.
States work together by following rules they develop to govern their interactions, and states usually do follow these rules and they develop the habit of working through institutions and within those rules. Great gains can be realized by regulating international interactions through institutions and rules, thereby avoiding the costly outcomes associated with a breakdown of cooperation. International norms: the expectations actors hold about normal international relations. Invasion of Kuwait by Iraq wasn't illegal but widely viewed as immoral. Agreed norms of behavior, institutionalized through such organizations, become habitual over time and gain legitimacy, States refrain from behavior not just for cost-benefit reasons (as emphasized by realists and liberals) but for normative reasons having little to do with material calculations (as emphasized by constructivists). Especially in times of change, when shared norms and habits may not suffice to solve international dilemmas and achieve mutual cooperation, institutions play a key role. International Organizations (IO's): Concrete, tangible structures with specific functions and missions and they include IGOs, and NGOs. Regional: EU, ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations), MERCOSUR (Southern Cone Common Market), and the African Union. Global: Intelsat, OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) NGOs: International Political Science Association, International Air Transport Association, Amnesty International, Planned Parenthood, International Olympic Committee. Liberals point out that it's the codification of international norms in institutions that gives norms their power. The United Nations
The UN System
Purposes of the UN
Members are sovereign states that have not empowered the UN to enforce its will within states' territories except with the consent of those states'...