Chapter 4 – The Art of the Prehistoric Aegean
Due Date: 09/17/12
a. Arthur Evans- British archaeologist that unearthed Knossos at Greece b. Homer (not Simpson…)- poet; creator of Iliad
c. Heinrich Schliemann- German archaeologist
II. Cycladic Art- abstract human figurines that are mostly female made of clay, limestone, and sometimes marble 1. List three stylistic characteristics of the Bronze Age statuettes from the Cyclades
stylized, abstract, flat
III. Minoan Art
a. labyrinth- “House of the Double Axes”
b. wet or true fresco- coated rough fabric with white lime plaster with true fresco method. 2. List four architectural characteristics of the Palace at Knossos Heavy walls of fortification, Cyclopean masonry, no use of mortar, use of relieving triangle 3. Name three works of art that represent the Minoan love of nature Marine style octopus jar(4-11), Snake Goddess(4-14), Harvester Vase (4-13), Landscape with Swallows(4-9) 4. In Minoan painting, human beings were most often represented in profile pose with a full-view eye, similar to conventions observed in Egypt and Mesopotamia, but what are the stylistic differences between the two?
Minoans depicted their gods in a certain fashion like the Snake Goddess, for example. The Egyptians and Mesopotamians depicted theirs as powerful with a traditional/repeating style. The Minoans, however, had more of an interest of nature and more naturalistic poses and details the others did not include such as detailed curly-hair, dynamic poses such as the man leaping the bull (4-7) and the Snake Goddess’ arms were extended rather than rigidly to her side. 5. What is particularly significant about the depiction of human anatomy in general, and the human faces in particular on The Harvester Vase (Fig. 4-13)?
The artist individually characterized the figures leaving the fields singing and shouting—showing their youth and energetic feelings for...