UNIVERSITY of CHITTAGONG
COURSE TITLE: HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
Submitted to: Dr. Saleh Jahur
Department of Finance abd Banking
Faculty of Business Administration
University of Chittagong
Sk. Rokon Uddin ID: 09303071
The following definitions are important to an understanding of 'career' as a concept.
A CAREER is the sequence and variety of occupations (paid and unpaid) which one undertakes throughout a lifetime. More broadly, 'career ' includes life roles, leisure activities, learning and work. The progress and actions taken by a person throughout a lifetime, especially those related to that person's occupations. A career is often composed of the jobs held, titles earned and work accomplished over a long period of time, rather than just referring to one position. While employees in some cultures and economies stay with one job during their career, there is an increasing trend to employees changing jobs more frequently. For example, an individual's career could involve being a lawyer, though the individual could work for several different firms and in several different areas of law over a lifetime. See also career ladder.
Motivation is defined as the process that initiates, guides and maintains goal-oriented behaviors. Motivation is what causes us to act, whether it is getting a glass of water to reduce thirst or reading a book to gain knowledge. It involves the biological, emotional, social and cognitive forces that activate behavior. Internal and external factors that stimulate desire and energy in people to be continually interested and committed to a job, role or subject, or to make an effort to attain a goal. Motivation results from the interaction of both conscious and unconscious factors such as the (1) Intensity of desire or need,
(2) Incentive or reward value of the goal, and
(3) Expectations of the individual and of his or her peers.
These factors are the reasons one has for behaving a certain way. An example is a student that spends extra time studying for a test because he or she wants a better grade in the class.
Components of Motivation
There are three major components to motivation:
Activation, Persistence and Intensity.
1. Activation involves the decision to initiate a behavior, such as enrolling in a psychology class.
2. Persistence is the continued effort toward a goal even though obstacles may exist, such as taking more psychology courses in order to earn a degree although it requires a significant investment of time, energy and resources.
3. Intensity can be seen in the concentration and vigor that goes into pursuing a goal. For example, one student might coast by without much effort, while another student will study regularly, participate in discussions and take advantage of research opportunities outside of class.
When developing and presenting career education programs it is important to be aware of the context in which career development and career decision-making occur. Career decision-making is not simply matching a person to an occupation. There are many influences that impact on a person's career decisions. The following table lists these influences.
|Individual variables |Social context |Environmental context |Other factors | |Self-concept |Beliefs |Family |Political decisions |Time perspective | |Health |Aptitudes |Peers |Education institutions...