Bleach

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What’s in a “Chemical”?
Jordan Butt and Alexandra Porter

Bleach

Table of Contents

HOUSEHOLD CHEMICAL – Bleach
* Page 4 : Product Use
* Page 5 : Chemical Ingredients
* Page 6 : Associated Symbols
* Page 7 : Suggested Precautions
* Page 8 : Possible Health Effects
* Page 9 : Possible Environmental Effects
* Page 10 : Disposal recommendations
CHEMICAL COMPOUND – Sodium Hypochlorite
* Page 12 : The Basics
* Page 13 : Chemical Properties
* Page 14 : Physical Properties
* Page 15 : Safety Precautions
* Page 16 : What else is it used in?
* Page 17 : References
Household Chemical: Bleach

Product Use

This product is used for:

* Removing Stains

* Whitening Whites

* Killing Germs

Chemical Ingredients

* Water

* Sodium hypochlorite

* Sodium chloride

* Sodium carbonate

* Sodium hydroxide

* Sodium polyacrylate
Associated Symbols

WHMIS SYMBOLS

HHPS SYMBOLS

Suggested Precautions

* Hygienic Practices: Avoid contact with eyes, skin and clothing. Wash hands after direct contact. Do not wear product-contaminated clothing for prolonged periods.

* Engineering Controls: Use general ventilation to minimize exposure to vapor or mist.

* Personal Protective Equipment: Wear safety goggles. Use rubber or nitrile gloves if in contact liquid, especially for prolonged periods

Possible Health Effects

* EYES: May cause severe irritation or damage.

* SKIN: May cause severe irritation or damage.

* INHALATION: May cause difficulty of breathing.

* INGESTION: Harmful if swallowed.

Possible Environmental Effects

* During consumer use and disposal, about 98 percent of bleach very rapidly breaks down. The remaining two percent is effectively treated by sewer or septic systems. Because bleach can no survive sewage treatment, it does not contaminate the ground and is not harmful to the environment.

Disposal Recommendations

* Dispose of leftover chemicals at a Household Hazardous Waste Day.

* If the container is empty, rinse before disposing with your regular garbage.

* Dispose of in accordance with all applicable federal, state, and local regulation.

Chemical Compound:
NaClO
NaClO
Sodium Hypochlorite

The Basics

Name of chemical compound:
Sodium Hypochlorite

Chemical Formula:
NaClO

State of Matter at Room Temperature:
-Solid (Powder)

Type of Chemical Bonding:
Ionic Bonding

Chemical Properties of Sodium Hypochlorite

* Sodium hypochlorite releases oxygen and decomposes slowly with exposure to light, heat and metallic or organic impurities.

* When sodium hypochlorite is exposed to acids, chlorine is released and decomposition is rapid.

* Sodium Hypochlorite is inflammable.

Physical Properties of Sodium Hypochlorite

* Colorless

* Lightly cloudy aqueous solution

* Bleach odor

Safety Precautions

* Suggested Chemical Storage Pattern: Inorganic #6. Store with bromates and chlorates. * Keep container tightly closed.
* Moderately toxic by ingestion and inhalation. Corrosive to body tissues. Avoid all body tissue contact. * Inhalation: Remove to fresh air at once. If breathing has stopped, give artificial respiration immediately. * Eye or External: Immediately flush with fresh water for at least 15 minutes. * Internal: Rinse mouth. Give large quantities of water for dilution. Call a physician or poison control at once. * Call a physician and seek medical attention for further treatment, observation, and support after first aid.

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What else is it used in?

* Bleaching products

* Disinfection

* Endodontics

* Water treatment

* Oxidation

References

http://www.flinnsci.com/Documents/MSDS/S/SodiumHypochloriteSol.pdf...
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