Activity Series

Topics: Chlorine, Bromine, Halogen Pages: 12 (2749 words) Published: October 12, 2011
Title of Experiment: An Activity Series Lab

Copper, Cu(s)
Stability- Stable. Incompatible with strong acids, active halogen compounds, chlorine, fluorine, iodine, bromine, ammonia. May react explosively with strong oxidizing agents. Toxicology-Dust may cause respiratory irritation.

Personal Protection- Suitable ventilation if handling powder.

Zinc, Zn(s)
Stability-Stable. Incompatible with amines, cadmium, sulfur, chlorinated solvents, strong acids, strong bases. Air and moisture sensitive. Zinc powder is very flammable. Toxicology-May be harmful if swallowed or inhaled. May act as an irritant. Personal Protection- Do not breathe dust. Wear safety glasses if handling powdered zinc.

Magnesium, Mg(s)
Stability-Stable. Reacts violently with halogens, chlorinated solvents, chloromethane. Air and moisture sensitive. Incompatible with acids, acid chlorides, strong oxidizing agents. Highly flammable. Toxicology-Harmful if swallowed or inhaled. Severe irritant. Vesicant. Personal Protection-Safety glasses.

Lead, Pb(s)
Stability-Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, potassium, sodium. Toxicology-Toxic by ingestion or inhalation. Chronic poison. Personal Protection-Solid lead is believed to present a relatively low hazard to health, but it is a cumulative poison, and can cause serious harm if inhaled as a powder, or ingested over a long period. Most lead salts are very poisonous, as are many organic compounds containing lead, such as lead tetraethyl.

Silver nitrate, AgNO3
Stability-Stable. Substances to be avoided include nonmetals, organic substances, alkali hydroxides, acetylidene, acetylene, aldehydes, nitriles, ammonia, alcohols, ammonium compounds, combustible materials, hydrazine and its derivatives, carbides, magnesium in powder form, alcohols. Light-sensitive. Strong oxidizing agent. Toxicology-Poisonous. Causes burns. Long-term exposure can cause permanent blue-grey staining of eyes, mouth, throat and skin, (argyria) and may cause eye damage. Short contact can lead to deposition of black silver stains on the skin. Very destructive of mucous membranes. Skin and eye irritant. Experimental equivocal tumorigenic agent. Personal Protection-Safety glasses, gloves.

Copper(II) nitrate, Cu(NO3)2
Stability-Stable. Oxidant. Incompatible with combustible materials. Toxicology-Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed. Exposure to dust can irritate nose, throat and eyes. Personal Protection-Adequate ventilation, safety glasses.

Zinc nitrate, Zn(NO3)2
Stability-Stable. Hygroscopic. Oxidizer. Contact with combustible material may cause fire. Incompatible with organics, carbon, sulphur, copper, sulphides, strong reducing agents, metal powders, cyanides. Toxicology-Skin and eye irritant. Corrosive - skin contact may cause burns. Harmful by ingestion. Personal Protection-Safety glasses.

Magnesium, nitrate, Mg(NO3)2
Stability-Stable. Strong oxidizer contact with organic material may lead to fire. Do not store near combustible materials. Incompatible with combustible materials, organics, strong reducing agents. Toxicology-Eye, skin and respiratory irritant.

Personal Protection-Minimize contact.

Lead(II) nitrate, Pb(NO3)2
Stability-Stable. Strong oxidizer. Incompatible with combustible materials, organics, strong reducing agents. Toxicology-Toxic. Chronic exposure may lead to a wide variety of health problems, including kidney damage, impaired eyesight, CNS damage and anaemia. May cause reproductive damage. May cross the placenta. May act as a carcinogen. Personal Protection-Safety glasses, gloves, good ventilation. Treat as a potential carcinogen.

Chlorine Water, Cl2(aq)
Stability-Stable, but gradually loses chlorine if exposed to air Toxicology-Chlorine gas is toxic. The quantity of dissolved chlorine in chlorine water is quite small, but the solution is still harmful if swallowed. In addition, chlorine is readily lost from the liquid and can irritate the lungs and eyes. Personal...
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