Biology Final Review

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label organelles (nucleous, dna, chromatid, robosomes ,proteins in rough er in ribosomes stroma is liquid in between thylacoid membrane
Know essential elements for plants and animals.
PH= the negative log of H+ ion concentration in water.
Equation. Subtract from 14
divides the nucleous
4 phases:
prophase: chromosomes condense
metatphase: line up on eqator
anaphase: pull apart
telephases: nuclear membrane forming.
2 daughter cells
46 chromosomes in parent cell, > 2 daughter cells (46 chromosome each) Interphase= cell grows, DNA duplicates chromosomes, cell prepares for division Meiosis
1 parent cell > 4 daughter cells (23 chromosomes each)
gametes= sperm/egg
zygote= when sperm and egg meet ( end up with 46 chromosomes) prophase 1 – crossing over
metaphase 1- chromosome shuffling
made up of nucleotides. (4 nucleotides Adenine, Guanin, Cytosine, Thymine) AT, GC pair sugar: deoxyribose
nitrogen containing base
phosphate group
Dna has 2 strands of nucleotides held by hydrogen bonds
RNA (diffrences from DNA)
sugar : Ribose
Uracil in place of thymine
single strand
temporary storage
genome= total genetic makeup
Phenotype= characteristics (what u look like)
Alleses= 2 genes that code for the same trait
homologes= same chromosomes
6co2+ 6H2O Light> C6H12O6 + 6CO2
Light independent reaction cycle
takes sunlight and converts it to ATP
Dark reaction : Co2- aka calvin benson cycle.
2 things essential = oxygen and glucose
both cycles occur in chloraplast :Light = thylacoid membrane Dark = in stroma
- C6H12O6 + 6O2 >6CO2 + 6H2O + energy
Glycolysis: occurs in Cytoplasm. 2 ATP's produced
Krebs cycle – aka citric acid cycle. Occurs in Mitochondria. 2 ATP produces Electron transfer phosphorylations: occurs in Mitochondria. 32 ATP's...
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