Ap World Notes

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- No solid political system
- While China rose to power they did not believe in a certain god while India believed in many gods. - Male dominated society, women had virtually no rights

Mauryan/Gupta India

Political – Caste System, Regionalism + diversity, Ashoka (grandson of Chandra Gupta, led military, converted to Buddhism and the promoted peace throughout India, wrote on rocks all through India encouraging peace and unification throughout India)

Economics – traded + merchants (lots of seafaring merchants that traded with South East Asia.

Religious –
Buddhism - (prince (Siddhārtha Gautama Buddha
), Was a very spiritual person that inspired Buddhism, followed the 8-fold path) Hinduism – polytheistic religion based on many gods and mystical beasts. Believe that when you die you are reincarnated based on how good you were in your previous life (karma).

Social –
Caste system – Brahmins (5 stages, cannot advance past the class you were born into, still exists in some parts of India.)

Intellectual and Achievements – Concept of negative numbers, 0, and Pi (3.14), Arabic Numerals (Arabic language and Culture had a lot of influence on Indian culture)

Thesis Statement
Compare and Contrast the historical processes in the rise and consolidation of 2 of the following classical empires - Han China- Imperial Rome-Mauryan/Gupta India

There were many similarities and differences in the historical processes of Han China and Mauryan/Gupta India. The first similarity is in women’s rights. In both China and India women possessed virtually no rights, the entire society was based around men. One of the differences between theses two societies was in religion. The people of India were polytheistic, and believed in many gods. However, although the Chinese had three religions over the years, they did not believe in “God” or “gods” for that matter. Another difference between them is that India’s government was never very strong or powerful, while China’s was a very strong, strict, powerful system.

Han China and Imperial Rome (27 BCE – 600CE)
The Silk Roads
The silk roads were a perfect example of cultural diffusion. [Cultural Diffusion
* Spread of culture]
They spread religious ideas
-Buddhism
Alexander the Great- spread polytheistic beliefs
-Trade routes-goods

Interconnectivity
Region trading and interaction with each other. No longer are each of these countries isolated from each other.

Classical Mediterranean Civilizations
600 BCE to 600 CE
Ancient Greece in many ways set the political, social, and economic foundations for Rome.

Greece
Political – Democracy (flourished in Athens) known as the Golden Age of Greek history. Politics in Greece were run by a Oligarchy. Pericles- very important leader in the early years of ancient Greece Alexander- (the great ) from Macedon (Macedonian)

Sparta- rival city-state to Athens, military based, young men served in the military, fought with Athens for power. Economics – Agriculture/pastoralism. Naval merchants.
Religious – Polytheistic, (Zeus, Poseidon, Athena…)
Social – Much of Greece was built on slavery, Oligarchy
Intellectual and Achievements – Literature- Homer (Odyssey, Iliad), Socrates, Architecture- the Parthenon,

Alexander the Great
1. Background
Decline of Athens
1. Overextension
2. Sparta Invades
3. Power-Hungry
4. Internal Corruption
All led to the Peloponnesian War
This war was between Sparta and Athens
Both a Naval and Land based war
Plaque of Athens broke out in Athens
-Thucydides
-Macedon steps into the Power Vacuum left by the Peloponnesian war.
-Kings name was Phillip IInd
-Philip united the Greek city-states
-The king’s son was Alexander. (The great. Get it? Uh? Uh?)
-A bodyguard assassinated King Phillip
-Aristotle tutored Alexander. Under his tutelage Alexander learned Greek ideas.
-Alexander’s conquest spurs Hellenism to spread.
-Alexander crushes the opposition left in...
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