Developmental stage (between childhood and adulthood)
Preparation for Adulthood/Transition
Figuring out interests/goals/ planning for the future
Erickson – Moratorium
Gaining maturity (e.g. Neurologically; Cognitively)
Social Behavioral change is result of Cognitive Development Motivational Changes as well
Being able to take reality in and really begin to understand what is happening in the world. Adulthood Being Reached
When you find achievement in the things you do.
5 Markers of Adulthood
Being Financially Independent
Living on your Own
Having kids does not make you a GOT DAMN ADULT!!!!!
People living at home, at the age of 35, or never leaving their childhood behind, but capable of thinking and acting like an adult. Human Development:
The scientific study of how people change – as well as how they stay the same – over time. Quantitative Change – Numbers – Change in number or amount; something that can be counted. Qualitative Change – change in kind, structure, or organization. Normative and Non-normative Influences:
Normative Life Events
Happens to most people
Graduating High School
Normative age-graded influences:
Affect most people and (w/ in a given culture) at about the same age First Kiss
Normative History-Graded Influences
Major historical events or processes so large in scope that they affect the lives of virtually everyone who is living where/when the take place. 9/11
Non-normative life events:
Do not happen to most people. Experiences that most people do not have, but that have profound impact on those who do have them. Death of a parent at a young age.
Illness, Accident, etc.
Nature vs. Nurture:
Interactions based off of Nature of gender and how you are treated in Nurture. Versus:
Methods of Collecting Data
Hypothesis – Falsifiable statement of prediction of what we'll find out If/Then statement
Used to test a theory
Empirical Research vs. Library Research
First hand collection = analysis of data
do the data support your hypothesis
Survey – Usually quantitative[(Pro)]. Limited amount of info[(Con)]. Archival Analysis – allows historical comparison
Interviews – Getting to know them on a deeper level; Reveals things research might not have expected to find. [(Pros)]. Self – report bias, time consuming [(Con)]. Experiment – Controlled research study in which researchers manipulate one variable to see the effect of that manipulation on another variable. Case Study – Single person being studied. Lots of rich data. In depth. [(Pro)]. Small N; can't generalize [(Cons)]. Using triangulation/multi-methods.
Naturalistic Journalism – Naturally occurring behavior[(Pro)]. Lack of control[(Con)]. Laboratory Observation – Control [(Pro)]. Artificiality [(Con)]. I.V.
Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Based on concept that Children Actively Construct their OWN Cognitive World. Stage 4: Formal Operations
Adolescents are now able to engage in logical reasoning and abstract thought. Personal Fable
Imaginary audience → Conformity to reduce self-consciousness Adolescent Ego-centrism
Problems with the Theory
Not everyone reaches formal...