"Staphylococcus Aureus" Essays and Research Papers

Staphylococcus Aureus

 Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus September 22, 2013 Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus also known as MRSA, is a bacteria that is resistant to many antibiotics. In the community, most MRSA infections are skin infections. In the medical facilities, MRSA causes life-threatening bloodstream infections, pneumonia and surgical site infections. (Methecillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections, 2013) Individuals...

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Staphylococcus Aureus

Foodborne Illness Short Answer Questions Staphylococcus • What is the infectious agent (pathogen) that causes this infectious disease? The pathogen that causes Staphylococcus is called Staphylococcus aureus. Staphylococcus aureus is also called Staph and is abbreviated to S. aureus or Staph aureus in medical literature. S. aureus is a bacterium that causes various infections. Staph is a commonly found on the skin and also in mucus membranes (mostly the nose and throat) of up to 25% of healthy...

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Investigating the Effect of a Local Herb- P. Amarus (Schum. and Thonn.) on Entero-Pathogenic Staphylococcus Aureus and Escherichia Coli.

Research Paper INVESTIGATING THE EFFECT OF A LOCAL HERB- P. AMARUS (SCHUM. AND THONN.) ON ENTEROPATHOGENIC STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS AND ESCHERICHIA COLI. BY ETTA, Hannah Edim, ELOMA, Nnanke, OKON, Essien Archibong and OFFOR, Ubana BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DEPARTMENT, CROSS RIVER UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY , CALABAR, CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA. Abstract Objectives: Entero-pathogenic Staphylococcus aureus (EPSA) and Escherica coli (EPEC) were treated with a methanol extract of Phyllanthus amarus, in vitro, to...

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Methicillinresistant Staphylococcus Aureus MRSAJessica HeinenAutry

 Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Jessica Heinen Autry Technology Center Introduction The full name of MRSA is meticillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus. Staphylococcus aureus (also known as staph) is a common type of bacteria. It is often carried on the skin and inside the nostrils and throat, and can cause mild infections of the skin such as boils and impetigo. If staph bacteria get into a break in the skin, they can cause life-threatening infections...

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The Use of Tea Tree Oil as an Alternative to Mupirocin for Those Suffering from Bacterial Skin Infections (Staphylococcus Aureus).

Abstract In vitro studies show that tea tree oil can be used as a topical methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) eradication regimen in a laboratory setting. This report has been researched using a wide range of journals and internet sources to find out whether tea tree oil can be used as an alternative to Mupirocin for those suffering from MRSA colonisation. The journals that were searched contained useful information about tea tree oil as an antiseptic, however, many of the studies...

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SCI250 Week 5 Chapter 19 Quiz

massive lesion caused by the spread of Staphylococcus aureus infection (often on the neck and upper back) is called a ________ boil. furuncle. Carbuncle. abscess. pustule. 4. Scalded skin syndrome is caused by exotoxins (exfoliatins) produced by ________ Streptococcus pyogenes. Staphylococcus aureus. Propionibacterium acnes. Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Demodex folliculorum. 5. Which of the following microorganisms causes scarlet fever? Staphylococcus aureus Propionibacterium acnes Pseudomonas aeruginosa...

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Coelomic Fuid of Earthworm-Effects

physiological and pathological disorders in humans. If the antibacterial protein is isolated and is proved non-cytotoxic to humans, then it can be researched and developed further as a drug for curing various diseases caused by Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus ailments in human beings and thus give an impetus to further research on being used as model organisms to be studied. 5.2 DEFINITION OF THE PROBLEM: Treating every bacterial-caused disease with...

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Nosocomial Infections - Critical Appraisal

will also touch on evidence based practice. ‘Wristwatch use and hospital acquired infection’ Research question The research question in this journal article is, does wearing a wristwatch influence the rate of Staphylococcus Aureus and other bacteria present on the hands and wrists of health care workers? Research method The research method used was a quantitative cohort study, divided into two groups. Sample group The sample group in the first study were 100 health...

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Infection Control

discuss and analyse the fundamental issues of infection control which underpins Adult Nursing. The topic for discussion is infection control/nosocomial infections in particular Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). There are varying degrees of the strain Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and some strains are classed as MRSA (National Health Service (NHS) Plus, 2005). Not all strains of the bacterium will cause an epidemic. Epidemic causing MRSA is classified as EMRSA, most notably...

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Characteristics of MRSA Staphylococcus aureus is a group of lactic acid-producing bacteria commonly found on the surface of the skin. When it penetrates a break in the surface, it induces an immune response that involves hydrogen peroxide and nitric oxide. For example, when it reaches the gut, it induces what is clinically referred to as enterocolitis, or infection of the digestive tract (Suzuki, 1994). Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), just like other S. aureus strains avoids such immune...

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Microbiology lab report on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus.

Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, were grown singly and mixed on four different types of agar in order to observe the varying morphologies within the colonies. Resulting data was analyzed to provide understanding of the use of differing culture media and conditions for bacterial growth. RESULTSFour different agar types were used in this experiment. The first (Nutrient) allowed for growth of both E. coli and S. aureus. The second agar used (MKL) inhibited the growth of S. aureus but allowed the...

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has been liquefied Organism Result + or - Appearance/Observations Bacillus subtilis Escherichia coli C. Coagualse: identification of Staphylococcus aureus Note: whether the rabbit plasma has remained liquid or become solid due to clot formation Organism Result + or - Appearance/Observations Staphylococcus aureus Staphylococcous epidermidis D. Urease Acitvity: identification of Proteus spp. Note: the color of the urease slant Organism Result + or - ...

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Chap4 thesis experiment

identify the anti-bacterial property of Ashitaba non-polar extract against gram positive organism, Staphylococcus aureus. There were six disk namely the different concentrations of Ashitaba extract (12.5 %, 25%, 50%, 100%), the positive control ( Penicillin) and the negative control ( distilled water). Table 4.1 Results of anti- bacterial property of Ashitaba extracts against Staphylococcus aureus sample Zone of inhibition (mm) 12.5 % 25 % 50 % 100 % Distilled water Penicillin ...

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Risk Management

staff, patients, and visitors to eradicate methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections and stop the spread of infections. The HCA is focused on methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus as a national challenge encouraging the community, schools, and places of work to use the tools from their methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus campaign to eradicate methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus. HCA has private rooms to reduce patient to patient spread of infections...

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Penicillin: Bacteria and Considerably Shorter Lifespan

Fogel commented in his article, “Fleming was known as being an unorganized and messy scientist”. He was researching a culture of staphylococcus aureus, a pathogenic bacteria, and left for a two week vacation. When he returned he observed that the specimen was contaminated by a species of penicillium and the penicillium prohibited the growth of the staphylococcus aureus (Wong). Fleming decided to further his research and discovered that this mold was capable of killing a wide range of harmful bacteria...

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Nursing Quality Assurance

Reducing the Risk of Transmission of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) in Healthcare Facilities Infection control is one of the things we as nurses and nursing students have a commitment to take every possible step to ensure. Infection control includes all things that are avoidable and by practicing by the ANA Code of Ethics and QSEN Competencies we can ensure that patients get best possible care they deserve. It is important that all people involved in the care of patients...

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Surgical Site Infections 1

with surgeon, nurses or scrub techs’ hands, the bacteria could potentially become airborne during surgical procedures, or after surgery the patient has multiple opportunities to introduce bacteria into the wound. Streptococcus pyogenes, and staphylococcus aureus are the most common forms of bacteria that cause post-surgical wound infections (Chen, Wessel & Rao 2013). Surgical nurses must take extra steps in recognizing correct aseptic and sterile technique in order to provide the best possible patient...

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Health Risks of Tattoos

receive tattoos. Deadly infections were discovered in three different states; all due to improper sterilizing or not sterilizing at all. According to the CDC report, the antibiotic-resistant superbug known as MRSAMRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) has been found in 44 people associated with illegal tattoos from 13 unlicensed tattoo artists in Ohio, Kentucky, and Vermont. CDC officials say “the infections were caused by the unlicensed tattoo artist failing to use gloves; masks; sterilized...

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Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci

Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE)? Vancomycin-resistant enterococci are enterococcus strains, such as Staphylococcus faecalis, now called Enterococcus faecalis that are resistant to the antibiotic vancomycin. Enterococci infections are the most common type acquired by hospitalised patients. Vancomycin was the last-line antibiotic for hospital treatment of serious methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections according to Collignon (2002, p. 327). These enterococci have become resistant...

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Health Care Associated Infections

thirty-six thousand reported cases of ventilator-associated infections. (Slide 9) Pathogens Two of the more common types of pathogens in nosocomial infections are Coagulase-negative staphylococci also known as CoNS and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus also known at MRSA. CoNS typically causes catheter related ifections since catheters are not easly removed and cleaned it often makes it complicated to treat. CoNS are also known to be resistant to most forms of antibiotics. According to the...

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Triclosan Essay

harmful effects, FDA approved the usage of 0.3% triclosan in Colgate Total toothpaste to prevent gingivitis tooth infection and cavities in humans in 1997 2 . Furthermore, triclosan is also used to control the spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections in hospitals and in surgical clothing and sutures to prevent bacterial colonization of the surgical wounds2. Because of the usage of triclosan in the household and care products, human population can get direct exposure to triclosan...

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Dark Tech: The Effect of the Cell Phone on Health

find out what germs live on cell phones. After swabbing a sample of 60 phones belonging to students, they found that phones were frequently contaminated with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). According to Dr. Robert J. Wolff, PhD, program director of Health Science at South University, “Staph aureus is always dangerous and MRSA forms are worse because they cannot be stopped easily.” Staph skin infections, including MRSA, can quickly turn into deep, painful abscesses. The bacteria...

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Hospital Acquired Infections

Causes Classification based on the 2008 report by the Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care1, 5. 1. Organism: Responsible organisms for infection include vancomycin-resistant entorococci (VRE), methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)11, multiresistant gram-negative bacteria, and Clostridium difficile 4. 2. Physical location: These include surgical site7 caused by bacteria from skin flora and bloodstream infections 15 as a result of bacteraemia. Bloodstream...

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Unit 22

expense of its host. Parasites are different from bacteria or viruses because their cells share many features with human cells. 1.2 Bacteria Food poisoning. (Salmonella) Whooping cough Tuberculosis Tonsillitis MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) Viruses Chicken pox AIDS/HIV Mumps Common cold Herpes Fungi Athlete foot. Yeast infections Ringworm Thrush Parasites Tapeworms Lice Fleas Lymes disease Scabies 1.3 Colonisation occurs whenever any one or more species populate an area...

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Necrotizing Facsiitis

bacteroides species, these work synergistically in the progression of necrotizing fasciitis. Type 2 necrotizing fasciitis consists of group A streptococcus and with or without a coexisting staphylococcal infection. The Type 2 also consists of staphylococcus aureus, clostridium perfringens, bacteroides fragilis, and aeromonas hydrophila. The microscopic level would include the laboratory of necrotizing fasciitis the bacteria that is seen with a microscope. “The micrograph of necrotizing fasciitis shows...

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Clabsi Powerpoint

 Reduced CRBSIs by 50% Literature on CLABSI Prevention CLABSI prevention success pressures hospitals to adopt similar programs Hospitals need CLABSI prevention measures CDC urges action by hospitals Using checklists for insertion Staphylococcus aureus vs. Gram-negative rods Evidence Based Research In critically ill patients with central lines, implementation of new evidence based nursing practice does help to prevent central line associated blood stream infection(CLABSI). Preventing...

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Reducing Infection Through Handwashing

hand washing to alcohol-rub products. Research has provided evidence that “alcohol-based hand rubs have excellent germicidal activity against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria such as Escherichia coli and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), along with mycobacterium” (Patel, 2004, p. 32). The Center for Disease Control also defends this data, demonstrating their support for the claim, “International guidelines provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in...

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Tsst and Hypotension

Pathogenesis Hypotension and Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) * Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a bacterial toxin * Causative pathogens include certain strains of: * Sta. Aureus (TSST-1) * Str. Pyrogenes (Str. Pyogenes exotoxins) Str. Pyogenes – Cause of Group A Streptococci * Spherical * Gram-positive bacterium * Displays streptococcal Group A Ag on cell wall * releases Str. Pyrogenic exotoxins A Role of Superantigens in Staphylococcal and Streptococcal Toxic Shock...

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Introduction Microbiology

Vehicle transmission. Answer: E 32) Plague transmitted by a flea is an example of A) Direct contact. B) Droplet transmission. C) Fomite. D) Vector. E) Vehicle transmission. Answer: D 36) Haemophilus bacteria require heme protein produced by Staphylococcus bacteria. This is an example of A) Antagonism. B) Commensalism. C) Parasitism. D) Synergism. E) Competitive exclusion. Answer: D 37) Which one of the following is NOT a zoonosis? A) Cat-scratch disease B) Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome C) Rabies...

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Patient Satisfaction

What they are not expecting is exposure to potentially life threatening infections during their stay. According to a joint study by Jimma University and Addis Ababa University the most common causative agent found in nosocomial infection is Staphylococcus aureus. This harmful pathogen can be transmitted via direct or indirect contact. This means the pathogen can be transmitted by patient to patient contact, staff to patient contact, or the sharing of a common surface like a toilet seat (Bereket et...

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types of bacteria are responsible for these infections including but not limited to; MRSA, VRSA, VRE, C-Diff, pseudomonas, and acinetobacter. MRSA or Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus Aureus is a perfect example of the commonality and prevalence of health acquired infections or nosocomial infections. Staphylococcus Aureus is a highly contagious bacteria, notorious for causing infections in the bloodstream leading to boils, impetigo, cellulites, and eventually sepsis and death. Because of its...

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Impetigo: Infection and New Ointment

common in children, but can affect people of all ages. (Impetigo).There are two types of bacteria that cause Impetigo, which are streptococcus and staphylococcus. (Impetigo Causes) There are also three main types of the disease. The most common type in children is Impetigo Contagiosa, also known as nonbullous impetigo. This type is caused by streptococcus aureus, group A beta hemolytic streptococci or a combination of both. (Impetigo). It is very contagious and starts with red sores around the mouth and...

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Discuss the Following “Infection Prevention is Every Healthcare Professional’s Responsibility”

between treating patients, can spread infections’ (Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology, 2005). Studies show that regular hand washing is a fundamental procedure in the prevention of common infections such as Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA). ‘If you make nurses wash their hands you can control 80% of [MRSA]’ Mark Enright, senior research fellow in microbiology at Bath University’ (Eaton, 2005). Furthermore, according to the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC), ‘hand washing...

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Prevention of Surgical Infections

assisted in reducing surgical site infections in arthroscopic orthopedic surgeries. References Anwar, R., Botchu, R., Viegas, M., Animashawun, Y., Shashidhara, S., & Slater, G. R. (2006). Preoperative methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) screening: An effective method to control MRSA infections on elective orthopaedics wards. Surgical Practice, 10(4), 135-137. doi:10.1111/j.1744-1633.2006.00314.x Stefansdottir, A., Robertsson, O., W-Dahl, A., Kiernan, S., Gustafson...

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case studies week 6

hand washing or put a screen saver on the computer that says “Did you wash away the Germs?” The computer needs to be cleaned every shift with germicidal wipes because bacteria like vancomycin-resistent enterococcus or methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus. These germs can live for months on surfaces. No one is allowed to wear gloves while using the computer. After a month, the infection disease department can retest the work area for a reduction of the bacteria. Reference Barnes, S. &...

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UNIT 4222-265 Causes and spread of infection.

Parasites are different from bacteria or viruses because their cells share many features with human cells. 2. Bacteria: Food poisoning. (Salmonella). Whooping cough. Tuberculosis. Tonsillitis. Ear infections. MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus). Meningitis. Viruses: Chicken pox. AIDS/HIV. Mumps Common cold. Herpes. Fungi: Athlete foot. Yeast infections. Ringworm Thrush. Parasites: Tapeworms. Schistosomiasis. Sleeping sickness (trypanosomiasis). Leishmaniasis...

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skin disorders

usually most severe over the legs but may also involve the arms, hands, and middle of the body. Persons with this condition may also have many fine lines over the palm of the hand. Impetigo Impetigo is a skin infection caused by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes. Impetigo causes spots containing pus (pustules) that become crusty yellow sores. It often occurs on the face around the mouth and nose. It can be treated with antibiotic creams or tablets. Intertrigo Inflammation...

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every year not to mention saving patients’ lives. Cleanliness Champions have been put in place to make sure Standard Infection Control Precautions are implemented within health care settings. MRSA (Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus) is one example of the staphylococcus family common bacteria (BBC Health–MRSA). There are many strains of MRSA and many people carry it in their throat, nose and skin folds. MRSA is an infectious agent and can live on the body for example in eczema, varicose...

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Advantages and Drawbacks of the Industrial Revolution in the British Society

sell their wares to them. With time, doctors lost patients by the numbers, and they couldn’t figure out what was causing the deaths and infections after operations. Though one man, Sir Alexander Fleming, a Scotsman researched the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, he observed that the type of mold, Penicillium notatum, annihilated the bacteria, which proved his theory of that something in the Penicillium notatum, were antibacterial. And from that, Penicillin was invented by the time of the 1940s. ...

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Reflection paper nursing

are a potential source for transmission of epidemic and nonepidemic Clostridium difficile strains among long‐term care facility residents. Clin Infect Dis; 45:992–998. • Eltringham I. (1997) Mupirocin resistance and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). J Hosp Infect (35) 1-8.7. ...

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Common Microorganisms

the Scope killed the most. In experiment three, there were a lot of different kinds of organisms persent on the agar. On the plate that contained nasal micro-organisms, large yellow colonies appeared on the Mannitol Salt Agar, indicating Staphylococcus aureus. On the TSA side, small creamy white colonies were also present. These could possibly be yeast. On the plate that contained the skin swab, there was a large amount of large, fuzzy white and black growth, which is mold. There was a single light-orange...

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Nosocomial Infections

mega colon, a severe swelling of the bowel caused by a build up of gas and it is life threatening. Gram-positive bacteria cause a wide variety of lung, bone, blood and heart infections, such as Staphylococcus aureus, and are often resistant to antibiotics. MRSA, methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus, is known as a hospital ‘superbug’ and is resistant to a number of widely used antibiotics which makes it harder to treat than other bacterial infections. Enterobacteriacae, Escherichia coli, Proteus...

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paediatric wards and occasionally in neonatal intensive care units. The primary blood stream infections are the commonest nosocomial infection (20-30%) in Neonatal Intensive Care Units followed by the lower respiratory tract infections (20-25%) staphylococcus, klebseilla, e-coli, pseudomonas aeurginosa, enterococci and Candida are the commonly implicated pathogens. Measure employed to increase the survival rate in small babies have added greatly to risks of nosocomial infections, example: IV drip,...

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Antibiotic Resistant Article WS T 1

least one of the antibiotics commonly used to treat infections? More than 70% 3. When did microbes begin appearing that were resistant to penicillin? In the late 1940’s 4. What is the strongest antibiotic used to treat infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus? Vancomycin 5. Why has antibiotic resistance happened? Certain bacteria resist the effects of the antibiotics (are not killed) and multiply and spread. 6. Explain why the increase of antibiotic resistance is an outcome of evolution. Because...

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environment. These organisms being unicellular will rapidly evolve via a single gene mutation. A general view of the scope of the antimicrobial resistance takes into account a number of factors. The emergence of resistant strains such as Staphylococcus aureus in hospitals and non hospital settings. Similarly Streptococcus pneumoniae leads to many cases of pneumonia and meningitis, and this strain is resistant to penicillin. The appearance of multi drug resistant TB has also elicited a lot of...

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Infection control

protocols and research and evidence based approaches to deliver safe and appropriate care whilst minimizing risk of cross infection. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a bacterium that is resistant to a number of antibiotics that treat infection including methicillin. There are different strains of Staphylococcus aureus making it harder or easier to treat. MRSA can live in the nostrils or on skin and is easily transferred from person to person or surface by contact, it can also...

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Did you know that Methicillin – Resistant Staphylococcus Areaus, also know as MRSA is a frequent infection found in medical facilities? MRSA is a strain of staph that is resistant to common antibiotics and can be very difficult to treat. Staph is short for Staphylococcus; staph is a harmless bacteria which resides on the surface of all your skin. Usually this is not a problem until a person punctures their skin. They then face the risk of staph infection (Kidshealth.org 2012). MRSA frequents...

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click on the Flu Basics button in the topics box. There will be a list of topics. Scroll down to and click on the topic Seasonal Flu and Staph Infections Information about flu and staph infections, MRSA… What is MRSA? Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is a bacteria that is resistant to many antibiotics. What is the threat to children? A study has found that previously healthy children hospitalized with flu were significantly more likely to die if they were also infected with MRSA. Go...

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Cellulitis Information

Cellulitis occurs when one or more types of bacteria enter through a crack or break in your skin. The two most common types of bacteria that are causes of cellulitis are streptococcus and staphylococcus. The incidence of a more serious staphylococcus infection called methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is increasing. Although cellulitis can occur anywhere on your body, the most common location is the lower leg. Bacteria is most likely to enter disrupted areas of skin, such as where...

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Hospital Hygiene

members before returning to work. An all purpose disinfectant cleaner, such as Clorox Pro Quatenary, will be used as the main cleaning solution, as it is EPA-Registered to kill both Hospital and Community Acquired Methicillin Resistant Staphlyococcus aureus strains. This product also kills several other microorganisms such as hepatitis B and C, flu, HIV-1 and 2, SARS, and Salmonella. Staff will be required to wear proper uniform upon entering the building to report for work. Staff will be provided...

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Alcohol-Based Hand Rubs vs Handwashing

floors in a long-term care facility (LTCF), and had one ward use alcohol-based hand rub as their means of hand hygiene, and another ward was instructed to use soap and water for their means of hand hygiene. After, their hands were cultured for Staphylococcus aureus, gram-negative bacilli (GNB), Candida, and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). Like similar studies conducted, the healthcare workers reported insufficient time, and skin irritation was a barrier to compliance with hand hygiene. After...

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Hand Hygiene And Aseptic Technique

among health care workers are poor. Hand washing causes a significant reduction in the carriage of potential pathogens on the hands. Adhering to good hand hygiene may also reduce the patients’ morbidity and mortality for nosocomial infection. Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a common microorganism that is transferred from healthcare worker to patients who fail to follow aseptic technique. Asepsis protects healthcare professionals from becoming contaminated with patient’s body fluids or blood. Hand hygiene...

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Clinical Manifestations of Endocarditis

of these lesions (subungual hemorrhage, Osler's nodes) is common in patients with acute S. aureus endocarditis. • Musculoskeletal pain • Hematogenously seeded focal infection - skin, spleen, kidneys, skeletal system, and meninges • Arterial emboli - 50% of patients, RF – large vegetation, S. aureus, mitral valve • Cerebrovascular emboli - strokes - 15–35% |Microabscesses in brain and meninges - S. aureus endocarditis ...

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A. Jernigan, MD, MS; Belinda E. Ostrowsky, MD, MPH; Hervé M. Richet, MD; William R. Jarvis, MD; John M. Boyce, MD; Barry M. Farr, MD, MSc (May 2003). “SHEA Guideline for Preventing Nosocomial Transmission of Multidrug-Resistant Strains of Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus”...

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Review of Related Literature

gram positive bacteria (bacteria that turn a dark-blue color in Gram's method of staining) was conducted to see if they were affected by the antibacterial activity found in the peel extracts. Vibrio cholerae, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureusa, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, these pathogenic bacteria were found to have positive results. Pathogenic bacteria are disease causing. Pathogenic Bacteria The research of Schoenstadt in 2008 elaborates on Vibrio...

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Technological Advances Essay

cannot be full proof and the medical society is finding that out with the overuse of antibiotics. Today the uses of these medicines are actually leading to additional diseases such as MRSA for example. MRSA stands for Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus which means it is a strain of staph resistant to many antibiotics out there today. Despite how far America has come in the medical field with new knowledge and advancements in technologies there are still mixed reviews from the public as...

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Bacterial Evolution

been used to treat people with infectious diseases. Penicillin was the first type of antibiotic known to man. It was developed by Alexander Fleming in 1928 to fight bacterial infections. When Fleming took a two week vacation, a culture plate of Staphylococcus bacteria from an experiment was left and became contaminated with Penicillium Notatum mold. When Fleming discovered the culture plate, he noticed that surrounding the mold was a distinct clear halo. Fleming assumed that Penicillium was able to...

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Unknown report Micro

determine the identity of an unknown bacteria slant culture. The unknown was identified using differential tests to determine its metabolic and morphology characteristics. Results from the differential tests indicated that unknown culture 5 is Staphylococcus aureus. Introduction: The purpose of this lab was to determine the identity of an unknown bacteria slant culture using a series of differential tests. The tests used to identify the unknown bacterial culture included: Gram stain, mannitol salt...

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Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus

 9/20/2013 Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus also known as MRSA is a bacteria frequently found on the skin of generally healthy people. MRSA is usually spread through skin to skin contact or contact with an object containing the bacteria. Most of the time you may be carrying the bacteria but you are not ill. Mostly people...

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Super Bugs

helped saved the lives of millions. Antibiotics are powerful medicines that fight bacterial infections. Used properly, antibiotics save lives. However as antibiotic resistance increases, the rise of super bugs such as Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus becomes more apparent. That is why it is important to carefully follow the instructions given to you when prescribed antibiotics. The feature of this article will be antibiotics as well as Antibiotic resistance. The article will also talk about...

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