"Ritual" Essays and Research Papers


Rituals and traditions followed during death can offer peace and comfort to the dying, the family and friends of the dying, as well as to the community the person is a part of. Depending on a person's beliefs, rituals through death can be initiated by ways of culture, religion, or history. The rituals and traditions that one follows throughout death differ throughout the world. While ever-changing, rituals surrounding death affect people's pasts, presents, and futures. The ceremonies surrounding...

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Bathroom and Rituals

Nacirema HR 582 Managing Global Diversity Patsy A. Shepherd March 22, 2012 In Body Ritual Among the Nacirema, Horace Miner writes about the strange rituals that people do in America. While reading the story I was almost fooled, but as read further I realized the spoof of Nacirema; Nacirema is American spelled backwards and the references in the myth are the backward strange American everyday rituals. Miner’s word usage made it obvious it was just a myth, words like magical, fascination,...

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Anthropology Rituals

Anthropologists define a ritual as an act of social practices that are repeatedly performed but are not always associated with religious beliefs or practices. These rituals are not the same as the day to day normal activity a person partakes in but more of symbolic gestures performed in a specific manner by a specific order in doing them (Lavenda & Schultz, 2013). The Nacirema culture performs specific ritual acts on a daily basis and as I quickly realized American culture is not that much different...

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Taboos and Rituals

discussed are rituals, taboos, and fetishes. All three of these baseball traditions or superstitions can be directly related to specific aspects of culture. There are religious, social, and political ties to all three. In examining the rituals, taboos, and fetishes of baseball, cultural ties can be made and one can begin to understand the complex nature of society as it relates to the individuals that comprise it. In "Baseball Magic", Gmelch realizes that certain players have rituals that they perform...

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Rituals in Anthropology

Adriana People all over the world have different rituals. A ritual is a repetitive act that symbolizes events that have taken place in the past. Many times it can be religious, but it can also be a ceremony having to do with social customs. Rituals are repeated yearly or every couple years, it is not a ritual if it is only done once and never again. A pilgrimage physically takes someone from one place to another, whereas a ritual could be performed in one spot depending on what it is....

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Museums as rituals

Museums as rituals Scott Cunningham, a writer, once said, “Rituals developed as a means of contacting and utilizing the energy within humans as well as in the nature world” (Ascension Gateway). This thought provoking quote could be used to spark the thinking of how rituals are practiced in our daily secular lives. Carol Duncan does a great job with showing how rituals are practiced in our secular lives; she uses museums to emphasize this point. Carol Duncan’s Civilizing Rituals: Inside...

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Rites Rituals

performance of rites and rituals. Rites and rituals are so much connected with the human life of the primitive peoples. However, rites and rituals are found not only among the primitive or tribal people, but very much among the other religions of the world. Therefore rites and rituals is a very vast subject to be discussed, here in the paper we will see some of the rites and rituals which are performed among the indigenous of north east people of India. Rites and Rituals A rite simply means a form...

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Soccer Ritual

Yahya Zakri Instructor: Jeff English; 1101 Date: April 30, 14 

Soccer Rituals Soccer is a team sport, played by toe teams competing to score goals in each other. Evry team should have eleven players, and seven players are stand by.Soccer is one of the most popular sports in the world. For me, it was a family hoppy because my father does play it and my entire uncle did. My brothers and I had been going with my dad and watch him play. I had the passion to play soccer because of them and I...

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rituals and festivals

Rituals and festivals have been a part of traditional European life for many years. They involved all religions, social classes and happened in almost all areas throughout Europe. Back in these times, there were no forms of entertainment like television, cell phones and video games. People depended on one another to entertain themselves. People in Europe would also be punished or tortured in front of the whole town to control public outbursts. An example of this is known as charivari. Some of these...

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Liminality and the Isoma Ritual

The Isoma ritual is a corrective ritual used to remedy a woman’s inability to produce children, a condition commonly known as lufwisha, meaning “to give birth to a dead child” (16) as well as the “constant dying of children.” Lufwisha is thought to be caused by angry shades that inflict the condition upon the would-be mother, because she has forgotten direct ascendants as well as “the immediate progenetrices of their matrikin” (13). Isoma, therefore, is used so that the afflicted woman, being able...

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Body Ritual Among the Nacirema

Body Ritual among the Nacirema Kim Wilson Ivy Tech Community College This article written by, Horace Miner, was my first read in where I was shocked to discover such barbaric rituals from other areas of life. I took the time to re-read this article several times. I have learned of many different cultures in where people do things that seem out of the ordinary; however the beliefs and practices of the Nacirema people just seem outlandish. According to, Professor Linton, who brought the...

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Body Ritual Among the Nacirema

 Horace Miner’s Body Ritual Among the Nacirema Elizabeth Brower Introduction to Sociology Matthew Howell January 25, 2015 Abstract: Horace Miner’s point throughout the entire article of “Body Ritual Among the Nacirema” was to prove to us, Americans, that we are not superior to anyone else or any other culture, society, or religion. We are all the same, and we just to need to keep in the back of our minds that everyone does everything differently. Whether it is a dramatic difference, or...

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Body Ritual among the Nacirema

Assignment #1 Summary of Miner’s “Body Ritual among the Nacirema” Abstract This paper is a summary of Horace Miner’s paper “Body Ritual among the Nacirema”. It talks about how every culture has a set of rituals they practice religiously, and in particular, the unusual rituals and beliefs of the Nacirema people from an outsider’s perspective. Amanda Carson Sociology 111 Writing Assignment #1 January 25, 2015 Summary of Horace Miner’s “Body Ritual among the Nacirema Every society...

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Body Ritual Among the Nacirema

 Body Ritual among the Nacirema Kelsey White Ivy Tech Community College Abstract Horace Miner wants his readers to learn the value of what a real culture should be and how Americans today are really like. In his article, Body Ritual among the Nacirema, Miner writes about a cultural tribe that has strange rituals and values that would seem unethical to anybody else. He describes how important culture is to them and portrays that Americans think...

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Body Ritual Among the Nacirema

 Body Ritual Among the Nacirema Edward Hamilton Sociology Professor January 15, 2014 The “Body Ritual Among the Nacirema” by Horace Miner, is an article that examines the various rituals that manifests within industrialized societies, specifically referencing to the United States. In the article Miner joked about the invasion of privacy and the obsession of becoming immortal. Miner provides gives outstanding evidence that the characteristics or an attitude...

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The Art Museum as a Ritual

Art Museum as a Ritual Duncan begins her article, “The Art Museum as Ritual,” by comparing art museums to religious/ceremonial spaces, not only in architectural design but also in their purpose. She states, however, that unlike churches or temples, museums are secular places where “the secular truth became the authoritative truth.” Thus, a separation of church and state came to be an, as Duncan states, “religion…kept its authority only for voluntary believers.” She then goes on to the differences...

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Ritual in Indigenous Spirituality

-RITUAL IN INDIGENOUS SPIRITUALITY- Aboriginal Australians have been living in Australia for over 50,000 years. Aboriginal Australians have many important parts of their culture that have been passed on and lost during thousands of years of history. From the dream time and ancestral spirits, conservation of sacred lands, initiation, birthing, smoking and burial ceremonies. Practical and Ritual, Experiential and Emotional, Narrative, Doctrinal and Philosophical, Ethical and Legal, Social and Institutional...

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Dbq Rituals and Festivals

Period 4 9/26/10 Rituals and festivals have been parts of traditional European life for many centuries.  They included all social classes, religions, and occurred in many areas across Europe. For example, festivals have been used as a way to vent out stress and express one’s self. Rituals as well help support the understanding of social classes. Some rituals like charivari could take place at any time that helped construct order around Europe by public humiliation and torture. Rituals and festivals...

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hindu death rituals

there are numerous epic tales, sacred scriptures, and vedic guidance that describe the reason for death's existence, the rituals that should be performed surrounding it, and the many possible destinations of the soul after departure from its earthly existence (Retrieved from http://mailerindia.com/hindu/veda/index.php?death on 18th January, 2012).this essay will discuss the rituals performed for the soul of the dead body so it reaches heaven peacefully. Traditionally, a Hindu dies at home. Nowadays...

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Body Rituals Among the Nacirema

“Body Rituals Among the Nacirema, “ by Horace Miner, is an essay written about the Nacirema, or American people, from an outsider’s perspective. Miner gives an insight on the Nacireman people, which he describes in his essay as an unknown tribe, and the completing of the Nacireman’s magical beliefs and practices, which involve daily, involuntary body rituals that cause much pain and discomfort. Miner shows how an outsider’s perspective can affect the way a culture is seen. In his essay, Miner uses...

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Body Ritual Among the Nacirema

January 26, 2013 Horace Minor applied satire in his article “Body Ritual among the Nacirema.” to the culture of the American people. Several ways in which “Body Ritual among the Nacirema” relate to the core concepts of sociology are through the use of sociological imagination, ethnocentrism and cultural relativism. The American culture is described by Minor in a very unique and humorous way. The author uses satire to examine the rituals that are every day in American culture. The reader thinks at the...

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Comparative Analysis of Death Rituals

and Loss July 19, 2004 Comparative Analysis of Death Rituals All prominent cultures and religions in the world devote specific rites and rituals to their respective societies and faiths. Rites are acts of social, spiritual and religious origins and apply not only to ceremonies for the living, but to ceremonies for the dead as well. This paper will compare and contrast the rituals practiced by my Italian-American family with the rituals practiced by those of Muslim beliefs. My family identifies...

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Rumspringa- the Amish Ritual

Rumspringa: An Amish Ritual Introduction: In the Amish religion, there lies a pivotal tradition for many of its adolescent followers. There are a number of Americans whom are likely to have never heard of this rite; as it is practiced by a small demographic, consisting of roughly 200,000 people . Their tradition, referred to as the Pennsylvania-German term "Rumspringa", can best be explained by the word's translation. With "rum-", translating in English to "around", and "-schpringe", meaning "to...

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Rites and Ritual of the Pochury Nagas

ritualistic as well as entertaining in nature and is celebrated before the sowing of seeds to earn blessings for the good harvest throughout the year. It is celebrated with great pomp and show by feasting, singing , dancing and merry making. The following rituals are abserved: During this ten days kajiwa (village king) will initiate and give all the necessary announcements . And wherever he goes he has to carry akha ( wine) in a cup and drop drops of wine as a sign of giving one tenth offering to Aniiza...

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Body Ritual Among the Nacirema Assignment

Running head: BODY RITUAL AMONG THE NACIREMA ASSIGNMENT 1 Body Ritual Among the Nacirema Assignment Name Community College BODY RITUAL AMONG THE NACIREMA ASSIGNMENT 2 Body Ritual Among the Nacirema Assignment “Body Ritual among the Nacirema" is a paper written by Horace Miner that illustrates American culture in a very different way than most American’s would view it. While it describes many areas of the American lifestyle, it is written to manipulate...

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anthro ritual paper

ceremonies are celebrated for groups of children instead of individual children. The Maasai are a Nilotic ethnic group of semi-nomadic people inhabiting southern Kenya and northern Tanzania. There are several rites of passage accompanied by specific rituals for each rite that mark important parts of a Maasai's life. These rites of passage include birth and childhood, puberty, warrior hood for males, marriage for females, elder hood, and death. Upon a child's first birthday, a naming ceremony is held...

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Islam Ritual and Worship

In a traditional Muslim society, how would you see ritual and worship lived? It should not be strange that the values cherished by all the three major religions are the same, since they originate from a common source. For example, Islam, the predominant religion in the Middle East, accepts as an integral part of its religious teachings both the Old and the New Testaments. If this commonality of moral traditions among the world's major religions does not say something about the universality of...

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Native Americans and the Rituals of Birth

Americans and the Rituals of Birth There are so many different cultures inside the American Indian culture. Although within the American Indian culture you can categorize or generalize the culture by making factual statements such as: Native Americans value your word, Trust is important, and Native Americans rely on information networks, there are still numerous different religions, tribes, rituals and ceremonies that all lie within the one culture of Native Americans. Birthing rituals in the Native...

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Death Rituals in Buddhist Culture

There are many rituals in the Buddhist culture, but there was one that caught my attention. Death rituals are considered the most important ritual in the Buddhist culture. Many of the rituals are lost but many are still practiced today. When a person passes on, they would need to reach nirvana to continue their cycle of life. Concentrated in Cambodia, Laos, and Thailand, this derived Buddhist culture believes that a person might not have reached the intended enlightenment to carry on the cycle and...

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Burial Rituals of Native American Culture

Burial Rituals of Native American Culture At some point in our lives, we all come to realize that death is a part of life. Cultural diversity provides a wide variety of lifestyles and traditions for each of the unique groups of people in our world. Within these different cultures, the rituals associated with death and burial can also be uniquely diverse. Many consider ritualistic traditions that differ from their own to be somewhat strange and often perceive them as unnatural. A prime example...

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Rituals in Sports

2012 Sports Rituals The only reason why your team won the last game was because you wore your lucky hat, and the only way they will win the next game is if you wear your lucky hat again. Is it perchance by magic? Have the gods conspired to make sure your team gets to the playoffs because you wore a particular hat? Of course! It wasn’t just any hat; it was your lucky hat! Rituals in sports are very common, and every fan holds their own superstition. Superstitious rituals are defined as...

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Salvation: Ritual and Hughes

This reading is like many other’s which portray real life situations, and show a different culture coming from a first person point of view. In the story, the main character, Langston, is a young boy who seems to be going through a common religious ritual that is normally bestowed upon young people when they reach a certain age in what seems to be a different sort of society. At this age, young people are asked, or maybe better yet, told to believe in God, and only then will these children be able...

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Significance of Ritual in North American Indian Religion

Significance of Ritual in North American Indian Religion Submitted by: Dan Xxxxxxxx, November 12, 1996 Submitted to: Dr. John X. Xxxxxxx RELST 110.6.01 When scholars study religion, the tendency exists to focus on the mythological aspects of the religion in an attempt to understand the major underlying concepts present. However, an equally rewarding study often can be accomplished through the careful analysis of the religion's ritual aspects. This is especially true when studying North American...

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Durkheim's Account of the Importance of Rituals in Modern Society

importance of rituals in modern society Durkheim’s theories on ritual are an integral part of his work on religion, outlined in his book ‘The Elementary Forms of Religious Life’. Rites are defined by Durkheim as ‘determined modes of action’ (Durkheim, 1915, pg. 36). They are ceremonies that are active expressions of particular beliefs or aspects of a religion. It is necessary to consider and assess the theories on religion before examining and assessing those on rites and ritual specifically....

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Tohono O odham Religion and Rituals

 Tohono O'odham Religion and Rituals December 02, 2013 Tohono O'odham Religion and Rituals Himdag is a Tohono O'odham word that translates to "way of life". The eight elements of religion are found throughout the Tohono O'odham past and present cultural beliefs. The Tohono O'odham believe that they were created by a God named I'itoi. I'itoi once created a people whom were known as the Hohokam or the ancient ones. The Hohokam turned on I'itoi and attempted to kill him four times. After the fourth...

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Sociological Concepts Horace Miner Used in “Body Ritual among the Nacerima”

In the article, “Body Ritual among the Nacirema,” author Horace Miner talks in detail about the culture of a North American clan, the Nacirema. Horace Miner seems to be particularly interested in the magical beliefs, practices, and rituals of the Nacirema clan. The “Body Ritual among the Nacirema” article shows many different examples of culture, cultural relativism, ethnocentrism, and qualitative research methodology. The sociological concept of culture is shown in nearly every paragraph of...

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Buddhism vs Catholicism. Define two rituals within each religion and discuss the meaning of these rituals

Essay- Buddhism rituals (taking refuge & Buddhist funeral) compared to Christian rituals (baptism & Christian funeral) Buddhism and Christianity are two religions which have many similarities and differences. Both religious have ceremonies which bring the person into the religious community and both religions also have ceremonies which take place after the person passes away. Discussed in this essay will be the background and order of these religious ceremonies. Similarities and differences will...

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Religion, Rituals, and Health

Chapter 4 Religion, Rituals, and Health Overview of Chapter Topics • Introduction: Religion, spirituality, and ritual Religion in the U.S. • Religion and health behaviors – Effect of religion on health-related behaviors – Religion and health outcomes – Religion and medical decisions • Rituals in relation to health practices • Case Study: Cystic fibrosis in a Hasidic Jewish patient Religion, Spirituality, and Ritual • There is considerable overlap between religion and spirituality...

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The Suit by Can Themba - How would I describe the character of Philemon and what support for this did I find?

Philemon has altered his perception so that it accords with his desired world. Men were superior to women, but Philemon helped his wife with chores. The happiness in the beginning of the story contrasts the sadness to come. His seemingly harmless ritual shows he likes to have his life ordered and controlled. He believes his wife is like him, 'lunch tin solicitously prepared the night before...' (82). Then we see another side of Philemon's character, as a hard working man and good friend. For Maphikela...

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Aztec Religion: the Foundation of a Civilization

values of the Aztecs, expanding the empire, and influencing the architecture and layout of their city. Sacrificial rituals acted as an important factor to the economy of their civilization and their general philosophies. The Aztecs believed that the Gods required consistent sacrifices in order to maintain peace, and constantly surrendered victims up to the Gods through gory and taboo rituals. However, death through sacrifice was not considered negative in their culture, but rather considered an honor...

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Obessisive Compulsive Disorder

incontinence; and disturbing thoughts of a blasphemous or incestuous nature, as might be seen in a patient with no history of, or desire for, incestuous relationships, who has distressing mental images about having sex with a parent. Compulsions are rituals performed by the person with OCD to neutralize the obsessions and reduce the anxiety they cause. Common compulsions include frequent checking of doors, windows, stoves, car locks, or body parts; excessive cleaning, either of one’s body or one’s environment;...

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shamanism element. Menora can be performed for ritual purpose or purely for entertainment and both are distinct. In the ritual performance, Menora stand as a purpose for fulfilling a vow to whom that are celebrated for the attainment of maturity either as a Menora dancer or someone whom is not connected with the Menora. Menora ritual performances can also be arranged for giving thanks to the spirits especially during the Buddhist celebration of Wesak. Non-ritual performances are mainly performed for wedding...

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Rel134Elements Paper

what we said in prayers, and what kinds of rituals are done in our religion. Rituals are another element of religious traditions and they are important because they give people a way to celebrate and live life differently. An important ritual using in my religion is baptized of children. Depending on what religion is being practiced they all have different ritual and are very important and sacred for each individual. We all should respect different ritual according to their religious traditions. ...

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The Lottery

contrast of reader expectations versus the grim reality and analyze them carefully. Thesis Statement / Essay Topic #2: “Lottery in June, Corn Be Heavy Soon” The ritual and traditions of the lottery in Shirley Jackson’s story seem to be just as old as the town itself, especially since most of the residents don’t recall any of the old rituals, even the Old Man Warner, who is “celebrating” his 77th lottery. This means that they are archaic in some ways and rooted in traditions of superstitions that seem...

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Indian Weddings Sociology Cassandra Wea

Cassandra Weaver Introduction to Sociology Professor Ekern Due: January 19, 2015 Indian Traditional Wedding The Indian wedding compared to the Christian wedding, in my opinion is much more intense and has many more rituals. Their weddings are much more colorful, comparatively to our traditional black and white and are much more intricate and ornate. Not only that, but there is much more involved in the actual wedding before the ceremony even takes place. Lastly, the bride and groom don’t rely on...

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8/30/13 Venus of Galgenberg – no facial features, appears to be dancing, vulva is indicated due to the crease between her legs which means it’s female. No idea if used in ritual. Venus of Willendorf – large breasts, maybe pregnant, covered face, clear vulva Venus of Laussel – fingers are clear, etchings into horn (indicates wicca), found in a cave entrance, clearly holding belly *cornicopias indicate fertility today Venus of Gagarino (looks like Willendorf) - This figure was found in...

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Cultural Research - Mbuti Pygmy Tribe

impacts many aspects of their culture. This paper will further identify and examine their cultural subsistence. The impact of their society type on kinship, social organization, political organization, economic organization, and their beliefs and rituals will be examined as well. A close look at their beliefs system will show how all aspects of their culture are in some way affected by the center of their spiritual symbolism. So, what exactly is a foraging culture, and how do they function? The...

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The Theme of Coming of Age in Literature

often celebrated in many different cultures, through rituals or ceremonies. The rituals, also known as passage rites, mark the passing of a person from one stage of life to the next: birth, infancy, childhood, adulthood, old age, and death. The coming of age is celebrated along with birth, and death because it is known as a universal life crises. Evoking anxiety, these crises often elicit passage rites. Arnold Van Gennep stated that "Passage rituals have three steps: separation from society; inculcation-transformation;...

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The Mbuti Culture

One ritual that the Mbuti often practiced was the Ritual Performance of the Molimo Made’ and Molimo Mangbo. This particular ritual involved the use of a trumpet that was made out of wood and was secretly hidden in a tree, deep into the forest. “The ritual itself involves both dance and song for the trumpet (referred to as “the animal of the of the forest”) as well as for all other participants” (Turnbull, 1985, p.12). Singing and dancing takes place every night that the ritual lasts and...

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Stein and Stein

Analysis of a Ritual Justine Martin Anthropology 1130 Stein and Stein (2011) delineate ritual as a patterned, recurring sequence of behaviors. Also, Stein and Stein (2011) define ritual as an essential component of religious practise. It may be prescribed by the traditions of a community; not all rituals are religious. The term usually refers to actions which are stylized, excluding actions which are arbitrarily chosen by the performers. A ritual may be performed on specific occasions...

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The true story of Brød

chillipepperene før du bruker stavmikseren. eneral direction his philosophical musings take. Victor Turner’s understanding of ritual relies heavily on the theoretical framework developed by Arnold van Gennep in his 1909 book The Rites of Passage, so it’s helpful to lay this out up front. Van Gennep articulates a tripartite analytic framework describing the structure and progression of rituals: 1) Separation from everyday activities, social relations, and/or cultural conditions, undertaken as a response to...

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Reasons for Germaphobia?

obsessional cue arouses little anxiety at all. This process of getting "used to" obsessional cues is called "habituation." The "response" in "response prevention" refers to the ritual behaviours that people with OCD engage in to reduce anxiety. In ERP treatment, patients learn to resist the compulsion to perform rituals and are eventually able to stop engaging in these behaviours. How does ERP work? Before starting ERP treatment, patients make a list, or what is termed a "hierarchy" of situations...

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Compare Christianity's baptism with judaism's brit milah and pidyon ha ben? With reference to human experience and sacred objects.

and Pidyon Ha-Ben are a means of entering the Christian and Jewish community, respectively. The ceremonies for these events reach out in two directions: horizontally, into the community around them; and vertically, into time past and future. These rituals also use symbols and create human experiences to communicate and celebrate the transformation. Baptism may occur at any point in a person's life, but Roman Catholics believe that the sacrament of baptism is extremely important and should be performed...

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The Trauma and Pathology of a Buried Dog

cemeteries, house depressions, and communal structures along with many other features. Excavations right at East Locus show evidence of ritual activities with the presence of three hearths, aligned along an east-west axis, encircled by an array of pit features which include dog/fox burials, ceremonial caches, and rock cairns (Vellanoweth 2008). With the knowledge of these ritual sites, the information leaves to question whether the dog was buried (and killed) through sacrificial or ceremonial means or whether...

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Comparing "The Lottery" and "The Hunger Artist"

Krystyna Powell Lit 2010 12/04/2012 Outcomes of Rituals Rituals are a set of actions performed for a symbolic value, such as through sacrifices, traditions in communities, or to manipulate religious symbols. Rituals that are performed as traditions can be seen through the short story “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson. In this short story Jackson exemplifies the manner in which the meaning of a ritual can be forgotten while aspects of the ritual are still continued by becoming a civic duty to its...

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myths laid to rest

Myths Laid to Rest: Death, Burial, and Memory in the American South The performance of distinctive rituals associated with the burial of the dead establishes a basis for the creation not only of a cultural identity, but also of communal memory. For the enslaved population in the antebellum South, the burial of fellow slaves provided a means of cultural expression. Nonetheless, funeral services for deceased slaves created a source of contention between slaves and slave owners—not simply because...

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The Aztecs Dbq Essay

and facts. What history should say, is that the Aztecan Empire was one of the most civilizations through the 13th to 15th century with creative agricultural methods, a skilled military with notable conquests, strong religious beliefs of family and rituals, with complex scientific achievements and a unique use of technology. The advances made by the Aztecs are considered to be quite remarkable for an empire of that time period. They invented two divisions of time counting, used for different purposes...

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black elk

come from held back material from the individual unconscious, universal patterns from the collective unconscious, social organization and structure, transcendent sacred realities. In, “Black Elk” shows different kinds of theories and functions. Ritual as Sacred Action involves stylized, symbolic bodily gestures and actions usually repeated in specified ways on occasions of significance and in special contexts frequently involving what the participants take to be sacred presences. In the “Great...

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characteristics and features of the religious beliefs as well as the rituals practiced by the Dani of Papua New guinea. Through his observations, it was made apparent that religion was not the significant feature that represents the Dani and its culture. Although it exists, the rituals were the main factors that build the cultural aspects of these people. Religion in the Dani culture revolves around the belief of Animism and animatism. Dani rituals on the other hand, mainly incorporate with the ghost of their...

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The Differences Between Indian and European

spirits could be found in all kinds of living and inanimate things – animals, plants, trees, water, and wind. Religious ceremonies aimed to harness the aid of powerful supernatural forces to serve the interests of man. In some tribes, hunters performed rituals to placate the spirits of animals they had killed. Other religious ceremonies sought to engage the spiritual power of nature to secure abundant crops or fend off evil spirits. Indian villages also held elaborate religious rites, participation in which...

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