"Falsifiability" Essays and Research Papers

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    Principles of verifiability and falsifiability In order to understand the principle of verifiability‚ one must first understand the criterion of meaning. The criterion of meaning says that a statement is meaningful is and only if it is empirically or logically verifiable. Both the principle of verification and falsification have there basis on trying to prove or discredit the truth. Many philosophers‚ both past and present‚ have spent countless time arguing for one principle over the other.

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    What is Science? There is much controversy over what really is science and what does it consists of. The literature on this area is enormous and philosophy of science is a whole academic discipline in itself‚ which tries to answer the above question. It also addresses the question of how knowledge is acquired and which methods of research are ‘’scientific’’. How can we distinguish between legitimate science and astrology? Much relevant question is in what sense is psychoanalysis a science‚ or

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    Galon‚ Edel Angelo S. Integrative Essay 2 Science as both Objective and Subjective in Nature Objectivity refers to the property of science that deals with the scientific measurement that is tested independently from the one who proposed it. In other words objectivity aims reproduce a certain experiment in order for it to be tested and demonstrated by other parties. Objectivity also deals with the perception of the universe of what it really is free of any human influence or emotion. Subjectivity

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    thought that justification worked throughout falsification‚ and never through verification‚ he obviously agreed that such propositions didn’t need to be proven in the sense of logical derivation. For that reason it is now common in science to use falsifiability as a criterion for dismissing theories or claims as parts of science. Popper ’s own critique of Marx and Freud as falsifiable was a classic study‚ and the salutary influence of the principle in discussion of psychics or astrology is occasionally

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    Philosophy Assignment

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    According to Kuhn‚ what is wrong with Popper’s account of the scientific method? Is Kuhn’s criticism successful? I will begin by looking at how Popper defines his scientific method in relation to knowledge then‚ I will consider Kuhn ’s criticism of this view and whether or not it is substantive. Popper is concerned with how knowledge is acquired and developed. He distinguishes off from belief and works with a series of conjectures and refutations to build hypothesis about our acquisition of

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    Popper

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    KARL POPPER has argued (I think successfully) that a scientific idea can never be proven true‚ because because no matter how many observations seem to agree with it‚ it may still be wrong. On the other hand‚ a single contrary experiment can prove a theory forever false. Argue that truth is evolving and can never be absolutely known. As it turns out they were wrong‚ thus ultimately harmful for the evolution of Human Knowledge. Popper was a Realist but did not believe that we could Demonstrate True

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    Karl Popper

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    that scientific theories have infinite scope and no finite evidence can ever adjudicate among them (Popper LSD‚ 253–254‚ Grattan-Guiness 2004). He did however hold that theories could be falsified‚ and that falsifiability‚ or the liability of a theory to counterexample‚ was a virtue. Falsifiability corresponds roughly to to the proportion of models in which a (consistent) theory is false. Highly falsifiable theories thus make stronger assertions and are in general more informative. Though theories cannot

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    Demarcation

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    Question Title: What is the problem of Demarcation? State the problem‚ say whether you think it is important‚ and discuss the strengths and weaknesses of an attempt to solve it. Word Count: 1‚601 Science is generally considered to be the acquisition of knowledge guided by natural laws. The scientific method uses a number of logical steps in order to make inferences about universal truths that follow the method of Induction‚ an empirical enterprise utilised to establish truth

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    Psychology may be able to do studies and find supportive research. However absolute true results can never really be found and can be affected by other factors and disproved at any moment. Moreover‚ by the use of falsifiability‚ if something is not true‚ it is true; it can be proven by oppositely proving it. Accordingly to Popper he provided an argument that the hypotheses that can be falsified are the most optimum ones. For example his well known Popperian hypothesis

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    involves the theory of Popper. Popper’s theory implied that scientists should give up a theory as soon as they encounter any falsifying evidence‚ immediately replacing it with increasingly ’bold and powerful’ new hypotheses. His theory‚ called falsifiability‚ is an important concept in the idea that a proposition or theory cannot be scientific if it does not admit the possibility of it being false. Falsifiable does not mean false. For a proposition to be falsifiable‚ it must be at least in principle

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    PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE DEMARCATION Philosophy of science is concerned with the assumptions‚ foundations‚ methods‚ implications of science‚ and with the use and merit of science. Demarcation The demarcation problem in the philosophy of science is about how to distinguish between science and nonscience‚ and more specifically‚ between science and pseudoscience (a theory or method doubtfully or mistakenly held to be scientific). The debate continues after over a century of dialogue among philosophers

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    attempts to describe the criteria that a theory must meet for it to be considered scientific. He calls this puzzle the problem of demarcation. Popper summarizes his arguments by saying‚ "the criterion of the scientific status of a theory is its falsifiability‚ or refutability‚ or testability." Kuhn says that he and Popper often agree as to what constitutes science and non-science. He claims that he differs with Popper in the methods that he uses to arrive at his conclusions. Kuhn says that if a line

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    “Science succeeds because it employs a rigorous method of discovering reliable knowledge of nature”. Do you agree? “An attempt to force nature into the preformed and relatively inflexible box that the paradigm supplies”. This is a quote from Thomas Kuhn‚ on the objectivity of science. Science‚ to a certain extent‚ is indeed not successful in discovering reliable knowledge of nature. There are a few keywords which require definitions to set the benchmark for this question. Rigorous method would

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    Eryn Croft Professor Chudnoff PHI 101 Honors October 9‚ 2012 Hume’s argument for skepticism about induction states that we can use induction‚ like causation‚ to gain knowledge. We must rely on induction to draw conclusions in everyday life because it is the only resource we have to work with. However‚ we must realize the limitations of induction. Philosopher Karl Popper successfully undermines Hume’s problem of induction by proving that induction is not needed in science and that Hume’s argument

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    Cold Fusion Case Study

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    Prescribed tittle: “It is only knowledge produced with difficulty that we truly value’’ To what extent do you agree with this statement? Across different areas of knowledge‚ from the natural sciences to the arts‚ identifying knowledge produced with difficulty is difficult. A Truly‚ interpretations are subject specific like for example‚ In the sciences‚ knowledge is determined through following rigorously a scientific method and developing a sophisticated‚ valid theory or model requires a high level

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    scientific method The principles and empirical processes of discovery and demonstration considered characteristic of or necessary for scientific investigation‚ generally involving the observation of phenomena‚ the formulation of a hypothesis concerning the phenomena‚ experimentation to demonstrate the truth or falseness of the hypothesis‚ and a conclusion that validates or modifies the hypothesis. the Scientific Method The scientific method is the backbone of every science experiment‚ and understanding

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    Did Popper solve the problem of induction? Introduction Inductive reasoning is the basis upon which we build our lives‚ thoughts‚ and knowledge. It is perhaps the cornerstone to all knowledge that we have ever gathered and use. However‚ is it rationally justified? Can we know that our method of inductive reasoning will lead us to a valid conclusion? The answer to this is surprisingly no. We will look closely at the problem of induction‚ and 20th century philosopher Karl Popper’s solution to this

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    Are there good reasons to think scientific theories should be true‚ rather than “merely” empirically adequate? Yes? Scientific theories provide a satisfying understanding of the world and its objects. We can trust science. But not blindly. Constructive empiricists like Baas Van Fraassen argue the belief that scientifc theories is not necessary for them to be good. That is an objection to the epistemological aspect of science. The only requirement is to have scientific theories to be empirically

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    1. Explain potential reasons for her to be anemic? Include scientific evidence in your discussion. ( Tips : use your physiology knowledge) Anemic happen when your body lack of healthy red blood cell or hemoglobin in blood [2]. Hemoglobin is an iron-containing protein in red blood cells that reversibly binds to oxygen [1]. Besides that‚ anemic also cause by faulty red blood cell production or destruction of red blood cell. Anemic during pregnancy are common happen to pregnant women because woman

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    Bio Lab 1

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    Bio Lab 1 Scientific Method Introduction The scientific method in action‚ designing and Performancing and experiment does thumb diameter‚ length or write diameter’s have an effect on the overall chance of winning a thumb wrestling match? In this investigation‚ we will develop a hypothesis based on physical data collected and test the hypothesis. Material Thumb‚ Ruler‚ Metric ruler Procedure 1. Measure the circumference of the thumb‚ in centimeters‚ at its widest point. Record this data in

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