"Charles Ii Of England" Essays and Research Papers

Charles Ii Of England

January 2013 King Charles II When we think of a King we have a Royal figure in mind that is chosen or while others are not, to rule their country, an extravagant non-ordinary person. What about the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. That was King Charles II, an extra ordinary person that the people loved, especially the women. Charles the Second was a man of high stature who accomplished good deeds and was a very merry monarch behind the scenes. Exactly who was Charles II? He was born May...

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A Satyre On Charles II

A Satyre on Charles II This poem is one of the most difficult to establish a definitive version for. Here, I present the poem as Vieth published it in his 1968 edition of the Earl's poetry, along with Vieth's notes. According to a letter dated 20 January 1673/4, whose testimony is corroborated by the headings in several early texts of the following poem, "my Lord Rochester fled from Court some time since for delivering (by mistake) into the King's hands a terrible lampoon of ihs own making against...

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The Glorious Revolution in England of 1688

The Glorious Revolution in England of 1688 James II succession to the throne of England came without protest of any kind. James II was the son of Charles I and younger brother to Charles II. In January of 1649, Charles I, King of England, went on trial and was convicted as a "'Tyrant, Traitor, Murderer, and public enemy to the good people of this nation.'" (Cannon, pg. 385) On 7 February 1649, Charles II was proclaimed King of Great Britain. While Charles II was in office, he began to develop...

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Constitutionalism in England in the 17th Century

Analyze the development of Constitutionalism in England during the 17th century. England’s lengthy history of hereditary monarchs and abusive absolutists has led to the system of constitutionalism in 17th century English government. The encouragement of these absolutism practices triggered the need to search for a new way to govern. The reigns of the Stuart monarchy led to the shift from absolutism to constitutionalism during 17th century England. After witnessing the success of Louis XIV's of...

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Were the Difficulties Faced by Charles Ii Due More to Financial Concerns Than Foreign Policy?

Were the difficulties faced by Charles II due more to financial concerns than foreign policy in the years 1667-1678? Charles II faced a vast amount of difficulties during his reign, but particularly during the period of 1667-1678. He suffered financial difficulties, foreign policy issues and religious problems. Finance became an obvious problem due to his lack of funds, however his foreign policy was constantly needing money, and a combination of both left Charles with many difficulties. A substantial...

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The Evolution of Constitutional Governments in the Netherlands and England

 Constitutional Monarchies is England and the Netherlands During the During the Age of Enlightenment, from the 16th to early 19th century, Europe was in the midst of one of the largest changes of thinking in history. During this era new ideas of government and human rights swept through the continent. Philosophies and theories from John Locke, Voltaire, Thomas Hobbes, and countless others set the world stage for rule from the people. While many rulers during this age became absolute monarchies...

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Political Changes of 17th Century England and France - Trends

The political changes of 17th century England and France from 1789-1815 can be compared in the way that both had a monarchy overturned, restored, and then overturned again. However, they differed in that England's Parliament existed the entire time in some way, while in France, power was exchanged from king, to constitutional monarchy, to a dictator. England's system eventually led to constitutionalism, while France would continue to struggle with an indefinite political structure. To better understand...

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Absolutism in France versus Constitutional Monarchy in England. The political, economic, religous and social effects on England and France.

died at the turn of the century, James I took the throne of England and took absolutism with him. He and the next five successors would oversee the growth of England from an erratic, absolutist monarchy to a working, stable Constitutional monarchy. France was not fortunate enough to experience such growth. In contrast, it experienced great decline because the country did not evolve and continued with absolutism even a century after England had proven that type of governing was not effective. There...

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To What Extent Can the Years 1661-67 Be Seen as Succesful for Charles

To What Extent Can The Years 1661-1667 Be Seen As Successful For Charles II? The end of the interregnum government heralded Charles II's return to the throne. The period known as the restoration can be argued to have been 'successful' for Charles. However, a successful reign can be distinguished in many ways. At the time one of the most important issues for Charles was trying to create a stable financial and stable settlement after the long period without a Monarch, and to an extent, 'success'...

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Trial of King Charles I

Trial of King Charles I Summary of Charges King Charles I of England is being charged as a tyrant, traitor, and murderer; and a public and implacable enemy of the Commonwealth of England. He is convicted of using his power to pursue his personal interest rather than the good of England, and raging war against the parliament and the people of England. For the Defense My client pleads guilty, but for a lesser charge than death. He was only trying to do what was right for England. The people of...

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Absolute Monarchy Triumphs in France & Parliament Gain Power in England

house of York symbol for white roses and house of Lancaster symbol for red roses. Henry Tudor- fought for the house of Lancaster, killed King Richard III, son of the duke of York, and became Henry VII, thus the beginning of the Tudor Dynasty in England. Henry VIII- successor of the Tudor dynasty, strengthened the authority of the Crown by breaking with the Pope and becoming the Head of the English Church. Elizabeth I- daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. Her 45-year reign was one of England’s...

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The Execution of King Charles 1

Cause and Effect Essay: The Execution of King Charles I Similar to a recent promiscuous President of the United States, King Charles I was accused of dishonoring his political power and abusing his moral authority for personal satisfaction; however it is hard to imagine a modern leader being punished in the same way as King Charles I, who was sentenced to death by method of decapitation (Charles I, King. . . 147). Religion, money, a fierce trial, and the concept of absolute power were...

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King Charles The First

King Charles the First, 1600-1649 King of England, Scotland and Ireland whose refusal to compromise over complex religious and political situations led to civil war, his own execution and the abolition of the Monarchy. Portrait of King Charles the FirstThe second son of James VI of Scotland and Anne of Denmark, Charles Stuart was born at Fife in Scotland on 19 November 1600. His father succeeded Queen Elizabeth I and came to the throne of England as King James I in 1603. Charles was created Duke...

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Why Did Charles Lose the Civil War?

Why did King Charles lose the civil war? In April 1642, the Civil war started in England. The civil war ended up by King Charles losing the war. And in my essay I am going to talk about many reasons why Charles lost the civil war. In 1642 most people thought that King Charles would win the civil war, as he had won the battle of Edge hill, but unfortunately King Charles did not take advantage of this opportunity and marched to London. King Charles didn’t know what to do when it came to big...

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Why King Charles I was unpopular

 Ten reasons why King Charles I was unpopular 1. King Charles I went against parliament and tried to start a second Civil War in England after he lost the first one; he was executed in 1649. 2. He didn't get along with the Duke of Buckingham who was a known public figure, his name was George Villiers 3. Charles favoured a High Anglican form of worship, and his wife was Catholic - both made many of his subjects suspicious, particularly the Puritans. 4. Charles dissolved parliament three times...

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how far was buckingham influence on charles the main reason for personal rule

How far was Buckingham’s influence on Charles the main reason that Charles resorted to Personal rule? Charles’s led the country without calling parliament for 11 years from 1629 – 1640. He initiated personal rule for many reasons. Firstly his close relationship with Buckingham alienated Parliament and caused resentment by Parliament. Secondly Charles had very strong believed in divine right and therefore saw no need for Parliament. Furthermore Charles religious policy’s led many to believe of a...

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Comparison Of Charles I And Louis XIV

A comparison and contrast between Charles I and Louis XIV King Louis XIV: Outstanding example of absolute monarch Aim to make himself supreme in Europe Stringent religious toleration (change the Huguenots) King Charles I: Devine right of Kings (monarch's right to rule came from God) Conflicts with Parliament forced religion Wars There is an institution as old as the world : Monarchy-Kingship. In most places and in most times men have agreed to be governed by Kings, having found in such government...

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Should Charles I Have Been Executed?

Common wisdom has it that the execution of Charles I on 30 January 1649 was a desperate, aberrant act by a small and reluctant minority of English parliamentarians - opposed by the right-thinking bulk of the population. One seventeen year-old boy in the crowd at Whitehall recorded that the execution was met with 'such a groan as I have never heard before, and desire I may never hear again'. This lad grew up to become a nonconformist minister in the 1660s but his views echoed those of a Restoration...

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Restoration Period

interesting time in history. People from all over the world, especially Europe, were moving to American. It was during this time that the colonies rebelled and we soon became our own nation. When the period started England had just ended a 20 year civil war. The plague had killed many and England was finally settling down. When the restoration was starting, most authors still modeled everything they did on the classics: Greek, Roman, etc. People were starting to gain an understanding of the world and...

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H. World History Ch. 16 Outline

Ch. 16 Outline XVI Revolution and Change in England A) The Tudors and the Stuarts 1) The Reign of Mary Tudor a) revolution: a radical attempt to change the very structure of a country’s government b) in the late 1400’s the Tudor family became the rulers of England. 2) The Reign of Elizabeth I a) Mary Queen of Scots i)When Mary I died her half-sister, Elizabeth, became queen. ii) Elizabeth had no children so the crown went to Mary Queen of Scots, a Catholic. b) The...

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Civil War in England. The English Civil War was between 1642 and 1651 and it happened in three rounds: The First (1642-1646), The Second (1648-1649) and The Third English Civil War (1649-1651). The Civil War begun with political struggle between the supporters of the King (“Cavaliers”) and those of Parliament (“Roundheads”). The first two wars was happened between supporters of King Charles I and those of the Long Parliament. The third war pitted the supporters of King Charles II and the supporters...

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Civil Wars

(February 1628): Parliament forced Charles to acknowledge it. He was reluctant because as it was giving Parliament more liberties, it was taking away the absolutism of royal power and was a declaration of the “rights and liberties of the subject". Scottish Riots (1637): Archbishop Laud decides to impose the English Prayer Book on Scotland, where most of the people was Presbyterian. The Scots erupted into open rebellion. The Kirk: Scottish Presbyterian Church. Charles’ attempt to arrest MPs (January...

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The Thirty Years War

Catholic Countries – Spain, Italy, France * England fought in The Thirty Years War against Spain and France * Charles committed to spending 20,000 to fund the Danes fight against Catholics * Parliament refused to fund Charles I past first year England – France and Spain dangerous Catholic powers and economic rivals Stuart Monarchs (1603-1625) James VI and I – united Scotland, England, Wales and Ireland – peaceful rule (1625-1649) Charles I – didn’t trust his own opinions, followed...

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Chapter 17

Triumph of Parliament in England. (4) Rise of Austria and Prussia.
(5) Absolute Monarchy in Russia. (1) Extending Spanish Power. Setting the Scene.
1500s-1700s. Monarchs get powerful. Build royal army to replace nobles’ army. Take new lands and expand government. Lay foundation for nations of Europe today. Serious-minded King Philip II of Spain was member of Hapsburg dynasty. The Hapsburg Empire
First Hapsburgs were dukes of Austria. Got in carefully arranged marriages. Charles V (1500-58).
King of...

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James I Was Described as "The Wisest Fool in Christendom" and His Son Charles as "An Inept King". to What Extent Can the Early Stuarts 1603 to 1629 Be Held Responsible for the Breakdown in Relations Between Crown and Parliament?

This question is looking at trying to understand who and what factors led to the 11 years personal rule by Charles I. The relationship breakdown between Crown and Parliament began in 1603 with James I and ended in 1629 when Parliament was dissolved. To fully understand the causes of the breakdown we need to look what inherited problems James had to face. Elizabeth had created a debt of £400,000 which was passed onto James, so already he faced severe financial problems. On top of this was the...

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Oliver Cromwell

educated at Huntingdon Grammar School and Sydney Sussex College, Cambridge. Cromwell was famous for being both skilled militarily, creating the famed Ironsides cavalry platoon, and politically, becoming the First Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland. He held extremely strict Puritan religious beliefs. Oliver Cromwell was born at Cromwell House in Huntingdon to parents Robert and Elizabeth Cromwell (nee Steward). The Cromwell’s were a relatively wealthy family, and Oliver...

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The Causes of the "Glorious" Revolution and Effects on the Colonies

escalating, with the rise of William III of Orange and Mary II to English Regency. The Glorious Revolution had immediate and long-term impacts on the English Colonies, especially, Massachusetts, New York, and Maryland. After a period of religious and civil war in the late 1640's, Oliver Cromwell, leader of the Parliamentary and Puritan Forces, executed King Charles I, rose to power over England, and established the Commonwealth of England. The commonwealth and Cromwell's rule was short-lived. In 1653...

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Its good to be king

factors that could pre determine weather or not the ruler will be successful, is his age, personality, previous things he has done, maturity level and possibly religion. I have chosen to talk about, Louis the XIV who was the king of France, King Charles II who was king or Britain and Suleiman the Magnificent, a sultan of the Ottoman Empire. King Louis XIV: Know as Sun King, Louis XIV was born in 1638 in the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye to Louis XIII and Anne of Austria. At age 5, Louis XIV...

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The Development of Absolutism in France

DEVELOPMENT OF ABSOLUTISM IN FRANCE * Francis I (Valois): Rival of the HRE and Charles V, unsuccessfully battled to weaken Habsburgs. * Concordat of Bologna: Granted the Pope right to collect the first year’s revenue from the Church offices in return for the ability to nominate high officials in the French Churchnationalized the church and increased the power of the monarchy * Francis I and Henry II (his successor) were opposed to any reform to the Church that could weaken the monarchy’s...

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The Great Fear

happened, England fell under the Stuart rule so the Stuarts did not follow the same rules as the Tudors did which lead to great conflict between the parliament and the monarchs so the English fought in a civil war 3. Later after the war was over the English had chopped off the kings head and for a short period England became a country without a monarch 4. England then had the “Glorious Revolution” which was also called the Revolution of 1688, was the overthrow of King James II of England (James VII...

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Absolutism in the Seventeenth Century

Century Governmental systems in both France and England were greatly changing during the 17th Century. In England, absolute monarchies lost power while Parliament gained supremacy. France, on the other hand, saw Louis XIV strengthening his own offices and weakening both the Estates General and the local nobility. Absolutism, a political theory holding that all power should be vested in one ruler, was attempted by James I and Charles I of England, and Louis XIV of France. However, neither English...

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The Political and Religious Context of Paradise Lost John Milton - Paradise Lost

restoration of Charles II, was praised by seekers of religious toleration, and attacked by the Anglican Church. Critics denounced Paradise Lost for its construction, subject, and political meaning. England in the seventeenth century was a land of political instability and religious persecution. Dissention among the British people began during the reign of the Stuart, Charles I (1629-1640). Charles I along with kings in France, Spain, and Germany created absolute monarchies (Cheyney 419). Charles I in 1629...

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Iberians in Britain

– offa dies 794 – the first Scandinavian invasion – the Vikings attacked England. Vikings were very mobile people, they were sailing along the rivers, very clever people, DANES VIKINGS NORMANS – three Scandinavian tribes. after 850 – the regular large scale invasions Danelaw – the land which was obtained by the Danes. King Alfred the Great – king of Wessex; modernized the wessex defence and navy: he defended England when the country was invaded by Danes: he built shelters for people in that...

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The Second Anglo War

Second Anglo-Dutch War began due to England's desire to end the Dutch domination of world trade. Urged on by his brother, James, Duke of York, King Charles II moved towards war in 1664, by releasing swarms of English privateers to attack Dutch commerce as well as seizing the colony of New Amsterdam (New York) and several trading outposts in West Africa. Charles also acted against the Dutch to insure the future prospects of his nephew, William III of Orange. In response, to the English aggression, the Dutch...

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Causes of the Glorious Revolution 1688-1689 (Religion? Politics?)

In English history, the events of 1688 to 1689 lead to the deposition of James II and the ascension of William III and Mary II to the English throne. Those events are known as the Glorious Revolution. In the origins and outcome of the Glorious Revolution, religion plays a significant role, however; politics also had a key role to play. In 17th Century England, religion and politics came close to being a single entity. Religion played a major role in the decisions made in the courts and parliament...

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Glorious Revolution

fact that they were the wrong kings coming in at the wrong time. Since being secure and protected was all that England ever knew when Queen Elizabeth I ruled, the Stuart Kings coming in as dictators was a change that England just couldn’t become comfortable with. This was the start of the incubation stage in the Fever Model for this Revolution. Once the Stuart Kings came into power, England went into a political crisis. The Petition of Rights and the English Bill of Rights were written and during this...

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MW History Continuity over Time Essay

us branches, letting us stretch and grow and reach new heights.” ~ Pauline R. Kezer. In the 16th century, rulers in Europe claimed divine rights. These rights were claimed and raised a league of absolute rulers and one of them was the monarchs of England. Certain customs remained constant from this age of absolute rulers. However, many events caused an explosion in Britain’s history. Wars, government, taxes, and entertainment are just a few of the foremost events that made up Great Britain’s history...

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Edward Vi Foreign Policy

by the campaign in Scotland. After a crushing victory at the Battle of Pinkie in September 1547, he set up a network of garrisons in Scotland, stretching as far north as Dundee. This was a great success for England; it is estimated that more than 5000 Scots were killed in the battle and England controlled vast amounts of Scottish land. His initial successes, however, were followed by a loss of direction, as his aim of uniting the countries through conquest became increasingly unrealistic. The garrisons...

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Analysis and Historical Context from Second Treatise of Civil Government by John Locke

indeed a grave imposition upon their liberty. Before Locke wrote his work, there had been many absolute monarchs in the throne of England like John in 1199 or James I in 1603, and later James II in 1685. Then, a civil war came during Charles I’s reign from 1642 till 1651. The Civil War led to the trial and execution of Charles I in 1649, the exile of his son, Charles II, and replacement of English monarchy with a Republic ruled by Oliver Cromwell. The period called ‘the Protectorate’ may be said...

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Oliver Cromwell

society to become the Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland, the first and only man without royal blood to do so. His played a prominent role in bringing about the trial and beheading of King Charles I; he took control of the Parliament's professional Army and went forth on the most cruel military action England had ever undertaken against the neighbouring nations; and he accomplished a level of religious freedom that had been unaccepted in England for the past hundred years. Oliver Cromwell...

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Why Have Interpretations of Oliver Cromwell Changed over the Centuries?

settlement rule of England, and technically of Ireland, Wales and Scotland. As one of the commanders of the New Model Army, he played an essential role in the defeat of the King's army, the royalists in the English Civil War. After the execution of King Charles I in 1649, Cromwell conquered the short-lived Commonwealth of England, conquered Ireland and Scotland, ruling as Lord Protector from 1653 until his death in 1658. He was also 1st Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland...

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Chapter 15

excluded Calvinism= sparked tension (2) When Ferdinand succeed the throne he refused to honor Rudolf II’s promise for Protestant toleration (result = Defenestration of Prague) (3) Bohemians then declared Ferdinand deposed and replaced him with Fredrick II (Calvinist) and he accepted the crown= act of defiance/ sparked anger in Catholics b. Threat of Hapsburg Power (1) France and Sweden joined an alliance in attempt to weaken Hapsburg power (2) Cardinal Richelieu brings in France alone to weaken...

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Ch. 2 Review Exam1

throughout several colonies. It carried on for several years. It was a consequence of the indentured servant system. 8. In 1608, Puritan Separatists who wished to leave England could not legally do so. 9. In 1620, the Puritan Pilgrims who came to North America were Christian missionaries. 10. Compared to King James I, King Charles I's treatment of Puritans was more hostile. 11. The Puritan merchants who founded the Massachusetts Bay Company carried out the largest single migration in the...

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17th Century Major Events

1603 Queen Elizabeth I dies and James VI of Scotland becomes king of England This united the crowns of England and Scotland for the first time. They would later be officially united to create Great Britain. 1605 James survived an assassination attempt - The Gunpowder Plot 14th May, 1607 Settlement of Jamestown, Virginia. This was the first permanent English settlement in what is now the US. 1st Jan, 1610 Galileo discovers rings of Saturn. This was an important discovery in the world of astronomy...

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Oliver Cromwell- Hero or Villian?

Oliver Cromwell: Hero or Villain? Oliver Cromwell was a Puritan MP from Cambridgeshire when Charles I raised his standards in Nottingham, 1642. This was the start of the civil war. Cromwell introduced a new model army to the Parliamentarians which was a superior fighting force that led to the defeat of the Royalists. This influenced people to believe that he were a hero as they were against King Charles I. Cromwell seemed as the only person that would stand up to him. When the king was executed...

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To what extent did the British people seize their personal freedoms in the Glorious Revolution of 1688-9?

To what extent did the British people seize their personal freedoms in the Glorious Revolution of 1688-9? The Glorious Revolution (which is sometimes known as the Bloodless Revolution) of 1688, saw King James II abdicate from the throne and be replaced by his Protestant daughter Mary and her Dutch husband William of Orange. Importantly, it introduced the Bill of Rights which gave individuals certain civil, religious and political rights as well as ensuring a constitutional Monarchy and a protestant...

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The English Restoration

The Restoration was a revolutionary period for both history and literature. Before the Restoration period began, England was under rule of the Protectorate. They believed in strict Puritan law. Under this law, Protestants and Jews were accepted, but they would not accept the Episcopalians or Roman Catholics. There was one man who acted as the dictator of England, and that was Oliver Cromwell. Things were conducted in a very traditional way. At this point in time people were getting very tired of...

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The Great Fire of London

Story of the Great Fire of London, he argued that the majority of Londoners saw the fire as either an act of terrorism or as an act of God. Those who believed the act of terrorism theory blamed the fire on England’s enemies or minority groups within England itself, while others who subscribed to the act of god idea believed that God was punishing London for its sins. Both of these ideas about why the fire happened were used by people for their own gain and to cover up the actions of people in power and...

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Political Systems Thematic Essay

absolute monarchy of France and the constitutional monarchy of England, have affected Europe. Absolute monarchy is when a ruler rules with absolute, or total, power. A constitutional monarchy is when laws limit the power of the monarch so they cannot rule absolutely. These two political systems affected not only their own country, but the whole of Europe as well. Mainly under the influences of the two leaders Louis XIV, Charles II, James II, Prince William, and Queen Mary. One of the most known...

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Declaration of Independence

Jefferson wrote this article to give examples of benefits England and the Americas will have if they are separated. He says it is “necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands that have connected then with another” in order for both bands to be successful. He uses the “Laws of Nature” to point out that it happens all the time. However, he also believes that he must give reasons on why they should separate. Just like Locke’s philosophical ideas, Jefferson believes that “governments...

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History and Its Influence on British 17th Century’s Literature

1603 in England. It means the rebirth of ancient values and ideals in painting, architecture, science, philosophy and literature. Due to the invention of the printing press by Gutenberg, which was established in England by the help of William Caxton in 1474, authors got the chance to write in vernacular language. Since there were from then on more people who could read and understand the texts, Renaissance knowledge was accessible for the folks (cf. Olague) The early Renaissance in England has strongly...

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The British Navy during the 17th Century

The main problem was the navy’s availability. Ships were needed constantly during the struggles with the Spanish, but the navy naturally failed. Knowing his disadvantage, James quickly made peace with Spain in order to open up the European seas to England. It was more profitable for James to make peace rather than to build a reliable navy with which to wage war. In 1608, James I commissioned Phineas Pett to build the Prince Royal; the ship was launched in 1610. Pett was a descendant of a family of...

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John Dryden- Absalom and Achitophel

Absalom! is taken from David's mourning in 2 Sam. 18:33 or 19:4. In 1681 in England, Charles II was in advanced years. He had had a number of mistresses and produced a number of illegitimate children. One of these was James Scott, the Duke of Monmouth, who was very popular, both for his personal charisma and his fervor for the Protestant cause. Charles had no legitimate heirs, and his brother, the future James II of England was suspected of being a Roman Catholic. When Charles's health suffered, there...

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what extent do monarchs push or reject constitutionalism. The rejection of constitutionalism by Charles I’s sour relationship with the Parliament and Oliver Cromwell’s dissolving of Parliament, along with the acceptance of constitutionalism through the Glorious Revolution during the reign of William and Mary all resulted in a strong English power and newly reinforced parliamentary rights. Charles I did not go along with the parliament. He took a serious hit during his 22 years as king. He began...

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Tudors and Stuarts

The Tudors were a dinasty that reigned in the 15th century, between 1485 to 1603 in England and Wales. During their reign the country underwent many changes on the social and economic aspects. on population growth, trade, farming, the exploration of new lands, employment and food supply. As regards the social aspects, the British Isles began to recover after the effects of the Black Death. Till this period, England had been underpopulated, but after the epidemics, it began to recover slowly. The...

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Civil War Project

involved the civil war Charles I – Born - 19th November 1600 in Fife, Scotland. Died - 30th January 1649 in London, England. Army - Royalist ( Role - King of England and Commander in Chief of Royalist Prince Rupert Born - 17th December 1619 in Prague, Bohemia. Died - 29th November 1682 in London, England. Army - Royalist Role - Commander in Chief, Duke of Cumberland and Earl of Holderness. Oliver Cromwell Born - 25th April 1599 in Huntingdon, England. Died - 3rd September 1658...

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I, Coriander

Introduction to Plot The story is built around two alternate worlds, both are in civil wars. In the real world, England, Coriander Hobie is born. She is the main character in the story and the plot revolves around her, in a struggle against Queen Rosmore of the fairy world to keep her mother’s fairy shadow from her in the hope of saving her true love from certain death. She has to deal with the death of her mother, and the rule of a preacher and a stepmother who is not at all kind like her mother...

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oliver cromwell villain or hero

British history. How did his reputation change? Why? And what has been changed? During the period of king Charles II’s reign (1660~1685) and as well as the 1930s and 1940s, many people considered him as a villain, who killed Charles I to get more powerful. Under Cromwell’s rule, people feared him because he was cruel and strict. He banned the things that are now allowed and were in Charles II’s reign:  Eating turkey on Christmas day  Dancing  Going to theatres  Watching bear baiting  Working...

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Restoration period

collapsed  Cromwell´s son –Richard Cromwell is not a good leader.  Richard invited Charles II. back Charles II.  Charles II. returned as publicly accepted king  The laws and Acts of Cromwell´s government were automatically cancelled  Parliament is weak  Those responsible for Charles I.´s execution are punished Catholicism, the Crown and the new constitutional monarchy  Charles II. wanted to make peace between religious groups  Wanted to allow Puritans and Cathlics...

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Monarchy Since 1066

someone had good leadership and preparation then they must have a lot of power to lead an army. The second Monarch I will look at is Elizabeth I. Elizabeth became queen at the age of 25 and reined for 45 years. Elizabeth was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 17th November 1558 until her death. Elizabeth was very popular. She had a lot of support, even though some people attempted to kill her. People considered her reign as a golden age, because everything was going well. Some...

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