Mixed Methods Research, Defined
When to use Mixed Methods Research
Types of Mixed Methods Research Designs
Steps in Conducting a Mixed Methods study
Evaluating a Mixed Methods study
Mixed Methods Research, Defined
A mixed methods research design is a procedure for
collecting, analyzing, and “mixing” both quantitative
and qualitative research and methods in a single study
to understand a research problem.
To utilize this design effectively, you must understand
both quantitative and qualitative research.
Creswell , J. (2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (4thed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.
A type of educational research in which the research
decides what to study; asks specific, narrow questions,
collects quantifiable data from participants (a large
number of participants); analyzes these numbers
using statistics; and conducts the inquiry in an
unbiased, objective manner.
Postpositivism – singular reality; objective; deductive
Quantitative Research (cont’d)
Generally attempts to quantify variables of interest;
questions must be measureable.
What is the relationship between graduate students’
level of interaction, measured by the number of ‘hits’ in the course, and students’ grades in an online research
Generally involves collecting numerical data that can
be subjected to statistical analysis
Examples of data collection methodologies
Questionnaires (with closed-ended questions or open-
ended but transferred to quan data)
The data is generally referred to as “hard” data
A type of educational research in which the researcher
relies on the views of participants; asks broad, general
questions; collects data consisting largely of words (or
text) from participants; describes and analyzes these
words for themes; and conducts the inquiry in a
subjective, biased manner.
Constructivism – multiple realities; biased; inductive
Qualitative Research (cont’d)
“There are times we wish to know not how many or
how well, but simply how” (Shulman, 1988, p. 7).
“What are the factors that influence a graduate students’
experience in an online research methods course?”
Generally involves listening to the participants’ voice
and subjecting the data to analytic induction (e.g.,
finding common themes)
More Exploratory in nature
Examples of data collection methods
Steps for Conducting
a Mixed Methods Study
qualitative, and mixed
Identify the data
collection strategy and
type of design Step 3
Identify a rationale
for a mixed methods
Determine if a mixed
methods study is
and qualitative data
Write the report as a
one- or two-phase
When to Use Mixed Methods
When both quantitative and qualitative data, together,
provide a better understanding of your research
problem than either type by itself.
When one type of research (qualitative or
quantitative) is not enough to address the research
problem or answer the research questions.
Pragmatism – practicality; multiple view points;
biased and unbiased; subjective and objective
Creswell , J. (2008). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River,...
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