1. What were the major achievements in human history during the Old Stone Age? The major achievements in human history during the Old Stone Age was the invention of tools, mastery over fire, and the development in language. 2. How did Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons differ from earlier peoples? Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons differ from earlier people because Neanderthals survived harsh winters by living in caves or shelters made of wood and animal skin, and they were resourceful. Cro-Magnons made new tools with specialized uses, planned their hunts, advanced skill in speaking languages, planned more difficult projects, and studied animal habits and stalked their prey. Cro-Magnons hunting skills allowed them to survive more easily, so this may have caused a faster growing population rate and with time, replacing the Neanderthals. 3. How did Cro-Magnon’s new tools make survival easier? Cro-Magnon’s new tools made survival easier because it made their hunting strategies better and by them having advanced skill in spoken language. With their skills in hunting, it made them be able to live longer and their population rate began to grow faster. 4. In what ways did Neolithic peoples dramatically improve their lives? Neolithic peoples dramatically improved their lives by starting farming which allowed them to be able to establish small villages and sedentary living. Sedentary living promoted specialization of labor, which led to craftsmanship, medicine, formal education, and many more. It also led to organized welfare, slavery, pollution, overpopulation, and to sicknesses. 5. How did the social structure of village life change as the economy became more complex? The social structure of village life changed as the economy became more complex by dividing the social classes and increasing the importance of social status.
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