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Important People from Philippines

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-2012951196975Enriqueta de Peralta
July 15,1882 was born in Dingras, Ilocos Norte
An Ilocana poet who is a known advocate of women’s rights and issues. Peralta was a social worker and was an active member of various organizations, which included Dingras Women’s Club, Ilocos Norte Women’s Club, and the Provincial Women’s Club of Ilocos Norte. Peralta worked hard for the passage of a legislation that grants Filipino women the right to vote. She also proposed the celebration of Mother’s Day to the National Convention of Women’s Club.
-2012953540760Josefa Llanes Escoda (Pepa)
September 20, 1898- January 6, 1945 was born in Dingras, Ilocos Norte
She was well-known Filipino advocate of women's right of suffrage and founder of the Girl Scouts of the Philippines. She was also acknowledged as a heroine-martyr during the World War II. Josefa became the first National Executive of GSP. She served in this capacity until she was captured by the Japanese occupation army.
During the Japanese occupation of the Philippines, she and her husband helped Filipino and American prisoners in several concentration camps. On August 27, 1944, she was arrested and imprisoned in Fort Santiago where she and Antonio were reported to have been interrogated and executed.
-2679706068060Juan Luna
October 23, 1857 from the town of Badoc, Ilocos Norte
He was a Filipino painter, sculptor and a political activist of the Philippine Revolution during the late 19th century. He became one of the first recognized Philippine artists. Juan Luna’s famous works include the “The Death of Cleopatra”, The “Battle of Lepanto”, and his greatest masterpiece “The Spoliarium”
-73660-144780Gregorio AglipayBatac, Ilocos Norte
May 5, 1860
Founder of Philippine Independent Church; He was a man who was a former Catholic priest, a nationalist, a patriot, a guerilla leader, and the first Supreme Bishop of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente.; He was an energetic soldier and an effective guerilla leader during the Philippine-American war
-1377952133600General Artemio Ricarte ("Vibora" (Viper))
October 20, 1866
Batac, Ilocos Norte
He is regarded as the Father of the Philippine Army; 1st Filipino Captain General of the Philippine Revolutionary Army, the Katipunan; 1st Filipino commanding general of the Philippine Army
228604331335Teofilo YldefonsoNovember 5, 1903
Piddig, Ilocos Norte known as the "Ilocano Shark" because of his aquatic skills, was a Filipino Olympian considered as the greatest swimmer of the Philippine; He is the first Filipino to win an Olympic medal and is the only Filipino Olympic multiple medalist.
228606464935Severino Montano
Laoag, Ilocos Norte
Considered as one of the Titans of Philippine Theater. He was a playwright, director, actor and theater organizer with an output of one novel, 150 poems and 50 plays in his 65-year lifetime. Through the foundation of the Arena Theater, Montano institutionalized “legitimate theater” in the Philippines.
Ferdinand E. Marcos
September 11, 1917
Sarrat, Ilocos Norte
Ferdinand Edralín Marcos was the tenth president of the Philippines, serving from 1965 to 1986. Ferdinand Marco's platform of national governance was anchored on PLEDGES... an acronym for P- Peace and Order, L- Land Reform, E- Economic Development, D- Development of moral values, G- Government Reforms, E- Educational Reforms, and S- Social Services. -1352552767965
Gabriela SilangMarch 19, 1731- September 20 1763 born in Santa, Ilocos Sur died in Vigan, Ilocos Sur
She is the wife of the Ilocano insurgent leader, Diego Silang. Following Diego's assassination in 1763, she led the group for four months before she was captured and executed by the colonial government of the Spanish East Indies. She is now remembered in Philippine history as the country’s Joan of Arc and first female leader for Filipino liberation. Her furious ride towards Vigan is immortalized in many statues all over the country erected in memory of her courage and sacrifice.
Elpidio QuirinoNovember 16, 1890 – February 29, 1956
-20123722090born in Vigan, Ilocos Sur died in Quezon City
He was a Filipino politician, and the sixth President of the Philippines. He began his career in politics as an elected representative of Ilocus Sur in 1919 and became a senator in 1925. He was re-elected as senator in 1931. Qurino was one of the members of the delegates who helped pass the Tydings-McDuffie Act that later paved the way to Philippine Independence.
-89535-80645Jose Burgos Feb. 9, 1837-Feb. 17, 1872 born in Vigan, Ilocos Sur died in Manila
He is a Roman Catholic priest who advocated the reform of Spanish rule in the Philippines. His execution made him a martyr of the period preceding the Philippine Revolution. In “To the Spanish People,” an open letter of 1871, he appealed for reform and a greater measure of self-determination for the Filipinos and attacked the power and privilege of the church. On Feb. 17, 1872, he and two other priests, Gómez and Zamora, were publicly executed in Manila.
Leona Florentino19 April 1849 - 4 October 1884
Vigan, Ilocos Sur
She was a Filipino poet in the Spanish and Ilocano languages. She is considered as the "mother of Philippine women's literature" and the "bridge from oral to literary tradition"Her literary contributions were recognized when she was included in the Encyclopedia Internationale des Oeuvres des Femmes (International Encyclopedia of Women’s Works). She is believed to be the first Filipina to receive this international recognition, an homage that occurred after her death at a young age.
Jose NisperosDecember 30, 1887- September 1, 1922 born and died in San Fernando, La Union
He is a member of the Philippine Scouts who received the Medal of Honor during the Philippine-American War. He was the first Asian to be awarded the medal. On Lapurap, Basilan, Philippines, Nísperos, defended his unit's position against natives armed with spears despite being severely wounded. Nísperos became the first Filipino and Asian to receive the Medal of Honor; the medal was presented by Brigadier General Bell in February 1913.
-571500Diego SilangDecember 16, 1730 – May 28, 1763 born in Aringay, La Union died in Bantay, Ilocos Sur
He was one of Ilocandia’s heroes who played a significant role in the libertarian epic of the Filipino nation. He led the famous Ilocos Rebellion, liberated his people from Spanish tyranny, and sacrificed his life for the sake of freedom. His heroic life and exploits are now part and parcel of Ilocandia’s history and legend, reflecting the greatness of the Ilocano people; He was one of the most important figures who illumined the annals of the Filipinos.
-571502743200Rafael Carlos Baltazar Buenaventura
August 5, 1938 - November 30, 2006 born in San Fernando, La union
A prominent banker in the Philippines and one-time governor of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas; he served under two Philippine presidents during one of the most tumultuous political transitions in the country’s history. Buenaventura was often targeted for removal from public office throughout his six-year term. By the end of his term as central bank governor, he had managed to steer the financial system closer to global standards.
-2019305325745Juan Dela Cruz PalarisJanuary 8, 1733 - February 26, 1765 born in Binalatongan, Pangasinan ( San Carlos)
He was called as “Pangasinan Freedom Fighter”. De la Cruz was extraordinarily big, thus earning the sobriquet, “the giant’s son.” He was fond of playing with calves. Also unusually fast and strong, he ran races with horses and grappled in a tug-of-war with the carabaos. As a boy, he learned the rudiments of reading and writing Spanish from the town priest. Being intelligent, he could easily read many books.
34290107950Camilo OsiasMarch 23, 1889 – May 20, 1976 born in Balaoanan, La Union died in Manila He was noted as one of the senate presidents of the Philippines, a nationalist leader who worked for Philippine independence and sovereignty, and is remembered as an educator, politician and writer who produced works such as The Filipino Way of Life, the Philippine Readers, and Jose Rizal, His Life and Times. He also wrote a wide variety of articles with themes ranging from the nation to personal life and day to day living in the Philippines.
-571502951480Victorio C. EdadesDecember 23, 1895 – March 7, 1985 born in Barrio Bolosan, Dagupan, Pangasinandied in Davao City
The "Father of Modern Philippine Painting". His artistic ability surfaced during his early years. By seventh grade, his teachers were so impressed with him that he was dubbed "apprentice teacher" in his art class. He was also an achiever from the very beginning, having won awards in school debates and writing competitions. He is a Filipino painter who was the leader of the revolutionary Thirteen Moderns who engaged their classical compatriots in heated debate over the nature and function of art. He was named a National Artist in 1976.
Benjamin G. Dy, Sr.
September 22, 1952- February 16, 2013 born in Cauayan, IsabelaQuezon City
He was a Filipino politician and a former Governor of Isabela (province). He was the patriarch of the Dy family of the province of Isabela, Philippines is a former Mayor of the municipality of Cauayan of Isabela (1965-1969) and former Governor of the same province for 22 years (1970-1992).
-41275433070Mateo Nuriel Luga1872–1935
Tumauini, IsabelaHe is an Ibanag revolutionary, was named one of the 100 prominent natives of Cebu. He was not a Cebuano but an Ibanag from Isabela province who came to Cebu to help the Cebuanos in their struggle against Spain and the United States. He is probably one of the most unsung revolutionaries the Philippines ever had. His parentage and other information about him remain mysterious, but his legacy is more essential for the Filipinos to know.
-412752999740Fernando MaramagJanuary 21, 1893 - October 23, 1936 born in Ilagan, IsabelaFernando Maramag was an excellent poet and journalist in English. . He became the editor of Rising Philippines, a daily read by almost every literate Filipino because of its nationalistic contests. He became technical assistant to then Senate President Manuel Luis Quezon. Maramag published countless poems which were devoured and admired by the reading public, like “The Atheist,” “A Christ without a Cross,” and “The Presentation.” He wrote about the history of the English language in the Philippines. left5566410Eulogio BalaoMarch 11, 1907- August 1977 born in Tuguegarao, Cagayan
He was a Filipino soldier and politician. Balao joined the Philippine Constabulary as a young man and rose through its ranks. During World War II, he served in the U.S. Army Forces Far East. As a Major, Balao served as Donald Blackburn's Inspector General for his guerrilla force.:As a commanding officer, he led 11th Infantry Battalion troops to a victorious engagement during the Battle of Bessang. He became a brigadier general and was appointed Vice Chief of Staff before, in 1956, assuming the office of Secretary of National Defense Balao received a number of awards and honors throughout his career, including the Distinguished Service Star and induction into the Philippine Legion of Honor, where he was bestowed the rank of Commander.
Region III
-45720810260Aurora Quezon
February 19, 1888- April 28, 1949 born in Baler, Aurora died in Bongabon, Nueva EcijaShe was the wife of Philippine President Manuel Luis Quezón and the First Lady of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944. She became the first Chairman of the Philippine National Red Cross. She continued to be involved in civic work, such as the efforts to rebuild the Antipolo Church. Aurora Boulevard In Quezon City was named in her honor in 1951, and in the same year, President Qurino created the Aurora sub-province, comprising Baler and surrounding areas in Quezon Province. The Concerned Women of the Philippines have named the Aurora Aragon Quezon Peace Awards after Mrs. Quezon to remind people of the fact that in times of violence, the first to suffer are the innocent.
228604491355Manuel Quezon
August 19, 1878 – August 1, 1944 born in Baler, Aurora died in Saranac Lake, New York
He served as president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944. He was the first Filipino to head a government of the Philippines and is considered by most Filipinos to have been the second president of the Philippines, after Emilio Aguinaldo. He was the 1st president elected through a national election and the first incumbent to secure re-election He is known as the "Father of the National Language". The Quezon Province, Quezon Bridge in Manila and the Manuel L. Quezon University, and many streets are named after him. The highest honor conferred by the Republic of the Philippines is the Quezon Service Cross. He is also memorialized on Philippine currency. lefttopLuz Magsaysay
July 25, 1915 – August 17, 2004 born in Balanga, Bataan
She was the wife of Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay and the seventh First Lady of the Philippines. As the President's consort, Magsaysay was active in many socio-civic programs especially with the Philippine National Red Cross, of which she was honorary Chairwoman for several years. She is remembered as one of the most admired First Ladies and distinguished herself for her warmth and simplicity.
863602903220Tomas Pinpinborn between 1580 and 1585 born in Abucay, Bataan date of his death is unknown
He was a printer, writer and publisher from Abucay, a municipality in the province of Bataan, Philippines, who was the first Filipino printer and is sometimes referred as the "Prince of the Filipino Printers." Pinpin is remembered for being the first native Filipino to publish and print a book, "Librong Pagaaralan nang manga Tagalog nang Uicang Castilla" in 1610, entirely written by himself in the old Tagalog orthography.
869955710555Cayetano Arellano
March 2, 1847 – December 23, 1920 born in Orion, Bataan died in Manila
He was the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines under the American Civil Government. He was Chief Justice from 1901 until his retirement on April 12, 1920, making him the longest serving Chief Justice. Cayetano Arellano High School in Sta. Cruz, Manila is named after him. Arellano gave his name to Arellano University, opened in 1938 as the Arellano Law College. The School had multiple campuses, including a law school. left-224790Marcelo H. Del PilarAugust 30, 1850- July 4, 1896 born in Kupang, San Nicolas, Bulacandied in Barcelona, Spain
Del Pilar better known by his pen name Plaridel, was a Filipino writer, lawyer, and journalist. He was the second and last editor of the La Solidaridad (Solidarity), the newspaper of the Reform Movement in Spain. He was named as the Great Propagandist of the Propaganda Movement. Using his pen name, Plaridel, he wrote satires against the Spanish friars, notably "Dasalan at Tuksuhan" and "Kaiingat Kayo." He died because of Tuberculosis.
228602871470Gregorio Del Pilar (Goyong)
November 14, 1875 – December 2, 1899 born in San Jose, Bulacandied in Tirad Pass, Ilocos Sur
Goyong was one of the youngest generals in the Philippine Revolutionary Forces during the Philippine Revolution and the Philippine-American War. He is most known for his role and death at the Battle of Tirad Pass. Because of his youth, he was called the "Boy General." Fort Del Pilar, home of the Philippine Military Academy in Baguio, is named after him.
Francisco BalagtasApril 2, 1788- February 20, 1862 born in Bigaa, Bulacandied in Udyong, Bataan
Francisco Balagtas also known as Francisco Baltazar, was a prominent Filipino poet, and is widely considered as one of the greatest Filipino literary laureate for his impact on Filipino literature. The famous epic, Florante at Laura, is regarded as his defining work. Balagtas is so greatly revered in the Philippines that the term for Filipino debate in extemporaneous verse is named after him: Balagtasan.
-150495-80010Pio Valenzuela
July 11, 1869–April 6, 1956 born and died in Polo, BulacanHe was a Filipino physician and patriot who were among the leaders of the Katipunan that started the Philippine Revolution against Spain. Valenzuela City in northern Metro Manila was named after him. Valenzuela was the first mayor (American regime) of municipality of Polo (now Valenzuela City) from 1899-1900 before he became the governor of Bulacan province from 1921-1925.
-1504952345690Maximo Viola
October 7, 1857- September 3, 1933 born and died in San Miguel de Mayumo, BulacanDr. Maximo Viola together with his two brothers led a battle against the Spaniards and stayed at Biak-na-Bato. It was in Barcelona where he met Rizal and with him traveled to different countries in Europe. He was also the one who lent Rizal money to have his famous novel “Noli Me Tangere” be published. When he went back to the Philippines he spent most of his time practicing medicine. But his communication with Rizal didn’t cease until the latter has been exiled to Dapitan.
Mariano Ponce
March 23, 1863 – May 23, 1918
Baliwag, Bulacandied in Sai Ying Pun Community Complex, British Hong Kong
He was a Filipino physician, writer, and active member of the Propaganda Movement. In Spain, he was among the founders of La Solidaridad and Asociacion Hispano-Filipino. Among his significant works was Efemerides Filipinas, a column on historical events in the Philippines which appeared in La Oceania Española and El Ideal. He wrote Ang Wika at Lahi, A discussion on the importance of a national language. He served as Bulacan's representative to the National Assembly. He was made director of "El Renacimiento" (The Renaissance). Ponce later ran for a seat in the Philippine Assembly and was elected assemblyman for the second district of Bulacan. Ponce wrote his memoirs, "Cartas Sobre La Revolución" (Letters on the Revolution),
-158750topTrinidad TecsonNovember 18, 1848- January 28, 1928 born in San Miguel de Mayumo, Bulacandied in Ermita Manila
She is known as the "Mother of Biak-na-Bato" and "Mother of Mercy", fought to gain Philippines independence. She was given the title "Mother of Biak-na-Bato" by Emilio Aguinaldo. She was cited as the "Mother of the Philippine National Red Cross" for her service to her fellow Katipuneros. She joined the revolutionary forces led by Gen. Del Pilar and participated in the assault on the province of Bulacan. She also served in the Malolos Republic and was designated as the Commissary of War.
-190503048000Nicanor AbelardoFebruary 7, 1893 – March 21, 1934
San Miguel de Mayumo, BulacanHe was a Filipino composer known for his Kundiman songs, especially before the Second World War. At the age of 8, he was able to compose his estoryahe first work, a waltz entitled "Ang Unang Buko," which was dedicated to his grandmother. Among his works were "Nasaan Ka Irog," "Magbalik Ka Hirang," and "Himutok." He died in 1934 at the age of 41, leaving a collection of more than 140 works.
-139705645785Francisco Santiago
January 29, 1889 – September 28, 1947 born in Santa Maria, BulacanHe was a Filipino musician, sometimes called The Father of Kundiman Art Song. His first composition, Purita, was dedicated to the first Carnival Queen, Pura Villanueva. Santiago's masterpiece was the "Concerto in B flat minor" for pianoforte and orchestra and his most famous piece "Kundiman, (Anak-Dalita)". His other compositions are the kundiman "Pakiusap", "Ang Pag-ibig", "Alaala Kita", "Ikaw at Ako", "Aking Bituin", "Madaling Araw" and "Pagsikat ng Araw".
2857586995Narcisa De Leon
October 29, 1877 – February 6, 1966 born in San Miguel, Bulacandied in Quezon City
She was a Filipino film producer. Clad daily in the frugal rural dress of the camisón, saya and chinelas, Doña Sisang, as she was widely known, was already a 61-year old widow when she entered the film industry. Nonetheless, she chartered her family-owned LVN Pictures into a dominant position in post-World War II Philippine cinema. In addition, de Leon was one of the most highly regarded Filipino businesswomen of the first half of the 20th century.
882652844800Amado V. Hernandez
September 13, 1903–March 24, 1970 born in Hagonoy, BulacanHe was a Filipino writer and labor leader who was known for his criticism of social injustices in the Philippines and was later imprisoned for his involvement in the communist movement. He was the central figure in a landmark legal case that took 13 years to settle. His famous works include his novel “Luha ng Buwaya” and “Mga Ibong Mandaragit”, his poems like “Isang Dipang Langit” and “Kung Tuyo na ang Luha Mo Aking Bayan”.
298455544185Ernani CuencoMay 10, 1936 – 1988
Malolos, BulacanA composer, film scorer, musical director and music teacher, he wrote an outstanding and memorable body of works that resonate with the Filipino sense of musicality and which embody an ingenious voice that raises the aesthetic dimensions of contemporary Filipino music. He played with the Filipino Youth Symphony Orchestra and the Manila Symphony Orchestra, and the Manila Chamber Soloists. His songs and ballads include "Nahan, Kahit na Magtiis," "Pilipinas," and "Gaano Kita Kamahal." The latter song shows how he has enriched the Filipino love ballad by adding the elements of kundiman Cecilia Talangpaz and Mother Dionisia TalangpazJuly 16, 1693lefttop- July 31, 1731 (Cecilia)
March 12, 1691- October 12, 1732 (Dionisia) both born in Calumpit, Bulacanboth died in San Sebastian, Manila
They are Kapampangan Filipino Roman Catholic figures. Thay established the "Beaterio de San Sebastian de Calumpang" (now the "Congregation of the Augustinian Recollect Sisters"), in 1719. The Augustinian Recollect Sisters is the second Filipino congregation of women religious founded in the Philippines, after the Religious of the Virgin Mary established by Venerable Ignacia del Espíritu Santo. Talangpaz's beatification process is underway with protocol number: 2303. On September 10, 1999, the causes for the beatification of the Talangpaz sisters were opened, bestowed with "Nulla Osta" and thereby giving them the titles "Servants of God."
876303048000Francisco Alonso LiongsonJuly 1, 1896- May 14, 1965 born in Bacolor, Pampanga died in Manila
He was born into an Ilustrado family from Pampanga, Philippines at the turn of the 20th century. Don Paco was one of the founders and first president of the Circulo Escenico, a Spanish dramatic club of aficionados founded in Bacolor, Pampanga that rose to national prominence and became the longest surviving organization of its kind in the Philippines. Don Paco was regarded as the most prolific producer of Spanish theatrical works in the Philippines.
1600205747385 Francisco Tongio LiongsonDecember 3, 1869- February 20, 1919 born in Bacolor, Pampanga died in Manila
He was a Spanish-trained medical doctor and a contemporary of José Rizal during his student days in Spain.[2] A great influence on his son, Dr. Liongson was actively involved in the struggle for independence and became Pampanga's governor and first Senator to the Philippine Legislature.
2222598425Jose Abad Santos
February 19, 1886 – May 2, 1942 born in San Fernando, Pampanga died in Malabang, Lanao del Sur
He was the 5th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. He briefly served as the Acting President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines during World War II, in behalf of Pres. Quezon after the government went in exile to the US. He was killed by the Japanese forces for refusing to cooperate during their occupation of the country. He is commemorated on the ₱1000 banknote of the Philippines together with Brigadier General Vicente Lim and Josefa Llanes Escoda.
787403024505Diosdado MacapagalSeptember 28, 1910 – April 21, 1997 born in Lubao, Pampanga died in Makati City
He was the 9th President of the Philippines, and the sixth Vice-President. He also served as a member of the House of Representatives. He is the father of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who was the 14th President of the Philippines. He introduced the country's first land reform law, placed the peso on the free currency exchange market, and liberalized foreign exchange and import controls.
Aurelio TolentinoOctober 13, 1867 – July 5, 1915
Born in Santo Cristo, Guagua, Pampanga
He was a Filipino playwright and dramatist whose works at the turn of the 20th century depict his desire to see Philippine independence from its colonizers. Tolentino formed Junta de Amigos, a secret organization composed of former Katipuneros to fight for independence from the Americans. He was the Founder of El Parnaso Filipino, a school promoting Tagalog and Katimawan cooperative
2222541910 Mariano LlaneraNovember 9, 1855- September 19, 1942 born and died in Cabiao, Nueva EcijaHe was a Filipino General who fought in the provinces of Bulacan, Tarlac, Pampanga, and Nueva Ecija. When the Philippine-American War broke out, he was in the Philippines and was assigned by Gen. Antonio Luna as Lieutenant General in Manila. The General Llanera Memorial Lodge No. 168, established in 1963 at Gapan City, was named in honor of him. The General Mariano Llanera Day, a commemoration of Llanera's attack against the Spaniards on September 2, 1896, was celebrated in Nueva Ecija - Cry of Nueva Ecija.
Dorothy Acueza Jones left2702560 January 6, 1936 – November 7, 2001 born in Gapan, Nueva Ecijadied in Manila
She was popularly known by her stage name Nida Blanca, was a Filipina actress. She starred in over 163 movies and 14 television shows and received over 16 awards for movies and six awards for television during her 50-year film career. She was named one of 15 Best Actress of all Time by YES magazine. She was stabbed to death in a condo parking lot in San Juan City on November 7, 2001.
Catalino Ortiz Brocka671235446058 April 3, 1939 – May 21, 1991 born in San Jose, Nueva Ecijadied in Quezon City
He is a Filipino film director. He is widely regarded as one of the most influential and significant Filipino filmmakers in Philippine cinema history. In 1983, he founded the organization Concerned Artists of the Philippines , dedicated to helping artists address issues confronting the country. He has directed landmark films such as Tinimbang Ka Ngunit Kulang (1974), Maynila sa mga Kuko ng Liwanag (1975), Insiang (1976), and Orapronobis (1989). In 1997, he was posthumously given the National Artist of the Philippines for Film award for "having made significant contributions to the development of Philippine arts."
6477041910Fred PanopioFebruary 2, 1939 – April 22, 2010 born in Nueva Ecijadied in Manila
He was a Filipino singer andactor who rose to fame in the 1970s.He is known for having made the yodeling style of music famous in the Philippines. This particular kind of music is evident is many of his hits, such as "Pitong Gatang," "Markado," and "Tatlong Baraha". He was also an occasional actor, and appeared in some movies alongside Jess Lapid and Fernando Poe, Jr. In 1999, Panopio and Victor Wood released an album, Certified Jukebox Kings.
647702743200Rogelio SicatJune 26, 1940- 1997 born in San Isidro, Nueva EcijaHe is sometimes referred to as “Rogelio Sikat”, was a prolific Filipino novelist, playwright and short story writer. Sikat is best known for his classic masterpieces particularly Impeng Negro, a short story based on a half-black, half-Filipino boy and Moses, Moses, a play in one act that depicts the social injustices and the abuse of the country’s oppressive politicians. He uses "Sikat" as a pen name to reflect on his Filipino identity. Apart from being one of the Philippines’ finest modern literary figures, Sikat was also a distinguished educator.
-482605359400Benigno Simeon "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr.
November 27, 1932 – August 21, 1983 born in Concepcion, Tarlacdied in Manila International Airport, ParañaqueHe was a Filipino Senator (1967–1972) and a former Governor of Tarlac. Aquino, together with Gerry Roxas and Jovito Salonga, formed the leadership of the opposition to the government of President Marcos. Shortly after the imposition of Martial Law, he was arrested in 1972 along with other dissidents and incarcerated for seven years. He was assassinated at the Manila International Airport in 1983 upon returning from his self-imposed exile. His death catapulted his widow, Corazon Aquino, into the political limelight, and prompted her to run for President. Among other public structures, Manila International Airport has since been renamed Ninoy Aquino International Airport in his honour, and the anniversary of his death is a national holiday.
-48260-70485Corazon Aquino
January 25, 1933 – August 1, 2009 born in Paniqui, Tarlacdied in Makati City
She was a Philippine politician who served as the 11th President of the Philippines, the first woman to hold that office, and the first female president in Asia. Aquino was the most prominent figure of the 1986 People Power Revolution, which toppled the 20-year authoritarian rule of President Ferdinand Marcos and restored democracy to the Philippines. She was named Time magazine's "Woman of the Year" in 1986. She is the first President without any political experience as she had not held any other elective office.
222252728595Carlos P. Romulo
January 14, 1898 –December 15, 1985 born in Camiling, Tarlacdied in Manila
He was a Filipino diplomat, statesman, soldier, journalist and author. He was a reporter at 16, a newspaper editor by the age of 20, and a publisher at 32. He was a co-founder of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines, a general in the US Army and the Philippine Army, university president, President of the UN General Assembly, was eventually named one of the Philippines' National Artists in Literature, and was the recipient of many other honors and honorary degrees.
311155457825Paulino Torres Santos
June 22, 1890 – August 29, 1945 born in Camiling, Tarlacdied in Kiangan, Mountain Province
He was a military officer who became the Commanding General of the Philippine Army from May 6 to December 31, 1936. Upon his retirement, he served as a civilian administrator under President Manuel L. Quezon. Paulino Santos' record as an officer was one of distinctive achievements. As a soldier, Santos served in the Lanao campaign in 1916, where he sustained wounds from a Moro spear and in the Bayang Cotta campaign in 1917, where he sustained a near fatal wound at the back of his head. Under his term, he established six settlements in South Cotabato namely Koronadal, Banga, Tupi, Tampakan, Polomolok, and Rajah Buayan.
16954522860Cesar BengzonMay 29, 1896 – September 3, 1992 born in Camiling, TarlacHe was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines from April 28, 1961 until May 29, 1966. In November 1966, a few months after his retirement, he became the first Filipino to be appointed to the International Court of Justice. left2545715Ramon Magsaysay
August 31, 1907 – March 17, 1957 born in Iba, Zambalesdied in Balamban, Cebu
He was the seventh President of the Republic of the Philippines, serving from December 30, 1953 until his death in a 1957 aircraft disaster. An automobile mechanic, Magsaysay was appointed military governor of Zambales after his outstanding service as a guerilla leader during the Pacific War. He then served two terms as Liberal Party congressman for Zambales before being appointed as Secretary of National Defense by President Elpidio Quirino. He was elected President under the banner of the Nacionalista Party. He was the first Philippine President born during the 20th century.
Teodoro Rafael YangcoNovember 9, 1861 – April 20, 1939 born in San Antonio, ZambalesHe was a Philippine businessman who served in a variety of public and civic offices, and considered the foremost Filipino philanthropist in his time. He was the longest serving president of the YMCA of the Philippines (1911-1925) and was called the "father of the YMCA of the Philippines" Yangco donated large sums of money to various charitable, religious and civic organizations. Aside from his cash donation, he also donated various parcels of land in Metro Manila and Zambales. One of the biggest properties he donated was the 31,031 square meter lot in a commercial area in Manila that became the site of YMCA of the Philippines.
22225421640Baldomero Aguinaldo y Baloy27 February 1869 – 4 February 1915 born in Kawit, Cavite died in Manila
He was a leader of the Philippine Revolution. He was the first cousin of Emilio Aguinaldo, the first president of the Philippines, as well as the grandfather of Cesar Virata, a former prime minister in the 1980s. Aguinaldo organized, along with his brother Emilio, the Magdalo chapter of the Katipunan in Kawit. He became president of the council. left2757170Emilio Aguinaldo
22 March 1869 – 6 February 1964 born in Kawit, Cavite ded in Quezon
He is the First Revolutionary President of the Philippines (1899-1901) and led Philippine forces first against Spain in the latter part of the Philippine Revolution (1896-1897), and then in the Spanish-American War (1898), and finally against the United States during the Philippine-American War (1899-1901). He was a member of "Katipunan", a secretive organization led by Andrés Bonifacio, dedicated to the expulsion of the Spanish and independence of the Philippines through armed force. left5457825 George Canseco
23 April 1934- 19 November 2004 born in Naic, Cavtedied in Manila
Canseco was a nationally acclaimed composer of numerous popular Filipino classics. Canseco wrote the classic "Kapantay Ay Langit", a theme from the award winning motion picture sung by Amapola. It also had an English version titled "You're all I Love" that was sang by American singer Vic Dana that included some Tagalog lines. The song won the Manila Film Festival Best Song of the Year Award in 1972. Canseco was elected President of the Filipino Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers, Inc. in 1973.
Mariano Álvarez
March 15, 1818 – August 25, 1924 lefttopborn in Noveleta, Cavite died in Cavite
He was a Filipino revolutionary and statesman. Mariano Álvarez and his son Santiago were active members of the Katipunan, the anti-Spanish secret society founded by Andrés Bonifacio in 1892. Álvarez was elected president of the Magdiwang, one of two Katipunan branches in Cavite along with Magdalo. Álvarez joined the nationalist-oriented Philippine Independent Church founded by Isabelo de los Reyes and Gregorio Aglípay in 1902. left2658745Jose Rizal
June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896 born in Calamba, Laguna died in Bagumbayan, Manila
He was a Filipino nationalist, novelist, poet, ophthalmologist, journalist, and revolutionary. He is widely considered as one of the greatest heroes of the Philippines. He was the author of Noli Me Tángere, El Filibusterismo, and a number of poems and essays. As a political figure, José Rizal was the founder of La Liga Filipina, a civic organization that subsequently gave birth to the Katipunan led by Andrés Bonifacio. He was a proponent of achieving Philippine self-government peacefully through institutional reform rather than through violent revolution, and would only support "violent means" as a last resort.
1212855528310Pedro Guevara
February 23, 1879 – January 19, 1938
Born in Santa Cruz, Laguna died in Manila
He was a Philippine soldier, lawyer and legislator and Spanish writer who became Resident Commissioner from the Philippine Islands during the American colonial administration. He joined the Filipino forces during the Philippine Revolution and assisted in promoting the peace agreement of Biak na Bato at San Miguel, Bulacan in 1897. Later, he became a journalist for the Spanish language newspaper Soberania Nacional and Vidas Filipinas and a municipal councilor of San Felipe Neri, Rizal. left0Vicente Podico Lim
February 24, 1888 – December 31, 1944 born in Calamba, Laguna, Philippines died in Manila
He was a Filipino Brigadier General and hero during World War II. During the Battle of Bataan, he was the Commanding General of the 41st Infantry Division, Philippine Army (USAFFE). Vicente Lim was the first Filipino graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point (Class of 1914). Prior to the establishment of the Philippine Army, he served as an officer in the Philippine Scouts (a now-defunct component of the US Army). He was one of the seven Charter Members of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines. He is memorialized in the Philippines' 1,000-Peso banknote together with two other Filipino heroes who fought and died against the Japanese during the Second World War.
679453084830Gregorio F. ZaideMay 25, 1907 – October 31, 1988 born in Pagsanjan, Laguna, Philippines died in Manila
He was a Filipino historian, author and politician from the town of Pagsanjan, Laguna in the Philippines. A multi-awarded author, Zaide wrote 67 books and more than 500 articles about history, he is known as the "Dean of Filipino Historiographers." He was one of the founders of the International Association of Historians of Asia (IAHA), and president of the Philippine Historical Association for three terms. As a politician, he served as the mayor of his hometown of Pagsanjan from 1971 to 1975.
Pedro PeláezJune 29, 1812- June 3, 1863 born in Pagsanjan, Laguna died in Manila, Philippines
He was a Filipino Catholic priest who favored the rights for Filipino clergy during the 19th century.[1] He was diocesan administrator of the Archdiocese of Manila for a brief period of time. In the early 19th century, Pelaez fought for the secularization of Filipino priests. Along with Father Mariano Gómez, Pelaez started organizing activities that demanded the return of control of Philippine parishes to Filipino seculars. Peláez died during an earthquake in Manila, Philippines.
-19685224790Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista
December 17, 1830 - December 4, 1903 born in Biñan, Laguna
Also known as Don Bosyong, was a lawyer and author of the Declaration of Philippine Independence. A distant relative of the Rizal family, he frequently provided advice to Philippine national hero José Rizal during his school days in Manila. Bautista solicited funds to finance a campaign for reforms in the Philippines, later becoming a member of the La Liga Filipina, Cuerpo de Compromisarios and La Propaganda. He became the first adviser to President Emilio Aguinaldo and subsequently wrote the Declaration of Philippine Independence. left2827020Felipe AgoncilloMay 26, 1859 – September 29, 1941 born in Taal, Batangasdied in Manila
He was the Filipino lawyer representative to the negotiations in Paris that led to the Treaty of Paris (1898), ending the Spanish–American War and achieving him the title of "outstanding first Filipino diplomat." His greatest contribution of the Philippine history was when he was assigned to negotiate foreign countries to secure the independence of the country considered as the most important assignment given by a General.
Marcela Mariño de AgoncilloJune 24, 1860 – May 30, 1946 born in Taal, Batangasdied in Manila
Also simply known as Marcela Agoncillo, was a Filipina renowned in Philippine history as the principal seamstress of the first and official flag of the Philippines,[3] gaining her the title of Mother of the Philippine Flag. While the flag itself is the perpetual legacy of Agoncillo, she is also commemorated through museums and monuments like the marker in Hong Kong, at her ancestral home in Taal, Batangas which has been turned into a museum, in paintings by notable painters as well as through other visual arts. left-84455Teodoro Andal AgoncilloNovember 9, 1912 – January 14, 1985
Born in Lemery, BatangasHe was a 20th-century Filipino historian. He was among the first Filipino historians renowned for promoting a distinctly nationalist point of view of Filipino history. He was also an essayist and a poet. He was named National Scientist of the Philippines for his distinguished contributions in the field of history. Agoncillo was also among the few academics who held the rank of University Professor, an academic rank given to outstanding faculty members with specialization in more than one of the traditional academic domains at the UP Diliman.
222252531745Galicano ApacibleJune 25, 1864 – March 2, 1949 born in Balayan, BatangasHe was a Philippine politician. A cousin to Jose Rizal, he co-founded La Solidaridad and Nacionalista Party. He held the office of Governor of Batangas and was the representative of the first District of Batangas from 1909 to 1916. He is known for his piece To the American People, an Appeal, in which he tries to plead with the people of the United States to pressure its government not to invade his newly independent country. left5486400Doña Gliceria Legaspi Marella de Villavicencio
May 13, 1852 – September 28, 1896 born in Taal, BatangasAlso known as Aling Eriang, is acknowledged as one of the famous Filipinos who gave her own wealth, time, knowledge and effort to help the Revolutionaries during the Philippine Revolution. She is also recognized as a heroine of the Revolution, an ardent sympathizer and supporter of the Filipino struggle for freedom from colonial rule. During the proclamation of the Philippine Independence on June 12, 1898, Gliceria Marella Villavicencio was given the name "godmother of the revolutionary forces".
2222584455José P. Laurel
March 9, 1891 – November 6, 1959 born in Tanauan, Batangasdied in Manila
He was the president of the Second Philippine Republic, a Japanese puppet state when occupied during World War II, from 1943 to 1945. Hailed as one of the "Seven Wise Men of the Convention", he would sponsor the provisions on the Bill of Rights. He remains one of the most important Supreme Court justices in Philippine history. He authored several leading cases still analyzed to this day that defined the parameters of the branches of government as well as their powers.
-196852560320Apolinario MabiniJuly 23, 1864 — May 13, 1903 born in Barangay Talaga in Tanauan, Batangasdied in Manila
He was a Filipino revolutionary leader, educator, lawyer, and statesman who served as the first Prime Minister of the Philippines, serving first under the Revolutionary Government, and then under the First Philippine Republic. Mabini performed all his revolutionary and governmental activities despite having lost the use of both his legs to Polio shortly before the Philippine Revolution of 1896.
-196855598795Miguel MalvarSeptember 27, 1865 – October 13, 1911 born in Santo Tomas, Batangasdied in Manila
He was a Filipino general who served during the Philippine Revolution and subsequently during the Philippine–American War. He assumed command of the Philippine revolutionary forces during the latter conflict following the surrender of Emilio Aguinaldo to the Americans in 1901. According to some historians, he could have been listed as one of the presidents of the Philippines but is currently not recognized as such by the Philippine government.
6985379730Anscar Chupungco10 November 1939 - 9 January 2013 born in Cainta, Rizal
He was a Filipino Benedictine monk, who was a noted liturgist, theologian and a mentor to all Filipino liturgists and countless students of the Pontifical Atheneum of St. Anselm in Rome and San Beda College in Manila. He was known for integrating local customs and traditions into the Catholic Mass.
361952658745Brig. Gen. Rafael CraméOctober 2, 1863 - January 1, 1927 born in Malabon, Rizal
He was a Filipino Constabulary officer who served as Chief of the former Philippine Constabulary from 1917 until his death in 1927. He rose to prominence by leading successful campaigns of the Philippine Constabulary against several criminal gangs, mostly in the provinces. The American Medal of Valor was awarded to him for helping quash a mutiny in Manila in 1921. A Brigadier General during his lifetime, Camp Crame, the place that houses the Philippine National Police, was named after him due to his contributions to the Philippine Constabulary and for his being a positive role model to the Philippine para-military police force during his time.
361955570220Carlos Modesto Villaluz Francisco
November 4, 1912 – March 31, 1969 born and died in Angono, Rizal
Francisco was a most distinguished practitioner of mural painting for many decades and best known for his historical pieces. He was one of the first Filipino modernists who broke away from Fernando Amorsolo's romanticism of Philippine scenes. Francisco's art "is a prime example of linear painting where lines and contours appear like cutouts." His great works include Blood Compact, First Mass at Limasawa, The Martyrdom of Rizal, Bayanihan, Magpupukot, Fiesta, Portrait of Purita, The Invasion of Limahong, Serenade, and Muslim Betrothal. He was also responsible for the discovery of the now famous Angono Petroglyphs in 1965. He was also involved in Costume Design in Philippine cinema.
-90170154305Eulogio Rodriguez SrJanuary 21, 1883 – December 9, 1964 born in Montalban, Rizal died in Pasay, Rizal
He was a Filipino politician, the longest serving Senate President after Manuel L. Quezon. He started his political career as a Democrata or a member of the opposition party, and not until there was a general realignment of parties due to the divisive struggle over the approval of the Independence Law in 1933, did he switch to the majority or the Nacionalista Party. He nursed the party during its darkest hours, and steered it successfully through the political reefs and typhoons that rocked the local scene, thus earning him the nickname "Mr. Nacionalista".
-482603024505Ildefonso Santos
January 23, 1897- January 29, 2014 born in Baritan, Malabon, Rizal
He was a Filipino educator and poet. He showed his talent in poetry through a love letter for a secret lover. His cousin, Leonardo Diangson, read the letter, and it was later published in the newspaper Ang Mithî. Santos began writing poetry in earnest and using Ilaw Silangan as his pen name. He finished his studies as a first professor in Pilipino at the National Teachers College. Before World War II, he is also a supervisor for the national language. Some of his works include Tatlong Inakay (The Three Chicks or Three Young Fowls), Gabi (Night) and Ang Guryon (The Kite).
501656147435 Horacio de la Costa
May 9, 1916 – March 20, 1977 born in Maúban, Quezon
He was the first Filipino Provincial Superior of the Society of Jesus in the Philippines, and a recognized authority in Philippine and Asian culture and history. A brilliant writer, scholar, and historian, his works include The Jesuits in the Philippines, 1581–1768, Recent Oriental History, and Readings in Philippines History.
8255154305Sigrid Sophia Agatha von Giese
December 14, 1923 – April 27, 2009 born in Tayabas Quezon died in ParañaqueBetter known by her screen name Paraluman, was an award-winning Filipina actress. Her contemporaries include the likes of Fernando Poe, Sr. and Marlene Daudén and was a major contract star of Sampaguita Pictures. Her first movie was Flores de Mayo (1940), and she initially used the screen name Mina de Gracia. She was rechristened "Paraluman" (archaic Tagalog for "muse" or "magnetic needle") left2728595Apolinario de la Cruz
July 22, 1814 - November 4, 1841 born in Lucban, Quezon
Known as Hermano Pule or Puli ("Brother Pule"), led a major revolt against Spanish rule of the Philippines based on a struggle for religious freedom and independence. de la Cruz rallied 4,000 followers at Barrio Isabang on the slope of Mount Banahaw and was able to resist an attack by Alcalde-mayor Joaquín Ortega and his 300 men on October 23, 1841. However, reinforcements came on November 1, with Colonel Joaquín Huet who annihilated the Cofradia forces, allegedly massacring hundreds of old men, women, and children who joined Hermano Pule in Alitao in defying the Catholic leaders of the Church.
1066805711190Lorenzo Martinez TañadaAugust 10, 1898 – May 28, 1992 born in Gumaca, Quezon
He was a Filipino politician. Elected to the first Philippine Senate in 1947, he was the longest-serving senator in Philippine history. He served as a Philippine senator for 24 years. Tañada is described to be a “person who metamorphosed from a graftbuster to a nationalist and... a crusader of various causes.” Apart from being characterized as an esteemed nationalist, Tañada was also regarded as the leader of the “parliament of the streets”. He had an infallible stance against graft and corruption, inequality, and tyranny. He was also the chief prosecutor against Japanese collaborators.

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