Homeostatic Imbalances. Hypertension and Diabetes

Topics: Insulin, Artery, Hypertension Pages: 2 (613 words) Published: April 20, 2014
Hypertension is a common health problem especially among people over age of 60 years. This disease is diagnostic when a patient blood pressure is more than 140 to 159 over 90 to 99. Blood pressure refers to the pressure that blood applies to the inner walls of the Diabetes is an endocrine system disorder that occurs when the body is unable to control or balance the amount of sugar in blood and within bodily tissues. You know that the human body is like a machine, with organ systems that are specialized in certain functions, and interact with each other to allow all vital functions to happen. For the body to stay healthy, it is essential that its internal environment is stable and balanced despite the different changes that can occur inside or outside of the system. The natural and dynamic property of the body to maintain these conditions within certain normal levels is called homeostasis. When this property of balance is disturbed a disease may happen. I would like to explain to you what occurs in your specific case. The normal levels of sugar in blood are between 70 and 110 milligrams of glucose per 100 milliliters of blood , when the levels of glucose begin to fall because the person is working out or have been long time without eating the receptors in the body send a message to the hypothalamus which sends a message to the pancreas, which is the major organ of the endocrine system, so it secretes the hormone glucagon that stimulate the cells to release glucose which control the high levels of sugar in blood. On others hands, when the levers of sugar in blood begin to increase the pancreas releases insulin which stimulate cells to eliminate glucose from the blood. These two responses of the organism to internal changes are part of negative feedback system that allows the body to return to a normal state. In your specific case the feedback system is not able to maintain the homeostatic balance because your body does not produce enough or overproduces the...
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