Type 1 Diabetes

Topics: Insulin, Obesity, Nutrition, Diabetes mellitus / Pages: 3 (701 words) / Published: Jan 21st, 2013
Diabetes Mellitus is a condition in which the amount of glucose or sugar in the

blood is too high. Glucose comes from the digestion of starchy foods such as sweets,

rice, potatoes and bread. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that causes the

destruction of pancreatic beta cells, the cells in the body that make the hormone insulin.

Insulin is required for people to get energy from food, therefore, people with type 1

diabetes must take multiple injections of insulin each day or continually infuse Insulin

through an insulin pump in order to survive. They must monitor their blood glucose

levels closely with frequent blood testing throughout the day and night and adjust their

insulin levels, food intake, and amount of exercise accordingly. Even with the most

vigorous attention, many other factors can adversely affect a person 's blood glucose

levels, including stress, hormonal changes, growth spurts, medications, illness, and

fatigue. The management of this disease is a constant battle, not only for the patients, but

also for their families and loved ones. Low glucose caused potentially deadly medical

emergencies such as seizure and coma, while high glucose causes debilitating and

sometimes fatal health problems such as kidney failure, blindness, nerve damage,

amputation, heart attack, stroke and pregnancy complications. The main symptoms of

diabetes are thirst, having to go to the bathroom frequently especially at night, tiredness,

weight loss and blurred vision. (Goldstein, Robert Fighting Diabetes, Ebsohost V.

Library 2011). Type 1 diabetes strikes in childhood, adolescence or young adulthood:

but, it is not a disease you can outgrow. The prevalence of diabetes in the United States

was 13.7% among men and 11.7% among women greater than 30 years old. (Goodarz,

Daniel, & Murray Christopher (2009, July 16). Diabetes prevalence and diagnosis in the

United States. Some of the

References: Bourne, Paul A. (2020) Health Lifestyle and Healthcare Utilization Among Health Professionals, Ebsohost V Library Goldstein, Robert (2011) Fighting Diabetes Ebsohost V Library Goodarz, Daniel & Murray, Christopher (2009, July 16) Diabetes Prevalence and Diagnoses in the United States. Retrieved from http://www.pophealthmetrics.con/com/content/7/16/2009 Hill, J. (2007) Teaching Type 1 Diabetes in Primary Care, Ebsohost V Library Mayo Clinic Staff (2011)

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