Exam 2 Notes and Study Guide

Topics: Jazz, Benny Goodman, Duke Ellington Pages: 5 (1250 words) Published: November 4, 2013
Notes on Board Oct. 2, 2013
Exam one was returned for student’s review.
Listening assignment for this week was distributed and uploaded to mix. Ensemble- usually a small group of performers
Polyphonic- The simultaneous sounding of two or more melodies of equal importance. Group Work:
Sidney Bechet
First notable jazz saxophone player, soprano sax
Played clarinet, too.
Composer
Professional by age of 6.
Louis Armstrong
1901-1971
[Greatest trumpet player]
The most influential jazz musician
Learned to play the bugle in home for boys
First to be considered a jazz artist.
Bix Biederbecke
1903-1931
1924 Formed a band named the Wolverines
Trumpet player
From Iowa
First “cool” artist
Influenced by Debussy, classical music
The King
Designation reserved for trumpet players
A “King” was designated by peers.
Joe “King” Oliver was the last designated King.
Joe Oliver mentored Louis Armstrong

Early New Orleans Jazz- Ease of style, 4/4 rhythm, included cornet, trombone, clarinet, drums Chicago Style- 1920’s, faster, more intense, featured solos, 2/4 rhythm, instruments now included: guitar, sax, string bass

Notes on Board Oct 9, 2013

Another listening assignment was distributed and will be uploaded to MIX. Reminder: Next exam is on October 30th, 2013
Scat Singing- The use of nonsense syllables while improvising vocally. Obligato- An accompanying or free melody played by a second instrument.

We studied Louis Armstrong:
Born on August 4, 1901; died on July 6, 1971
Had an effect on all music that followed. [We listened to music from two movies: You’ve Got Mail and The Jungle Book which featured his music, though there are others] Made the impossible possible on the trumpet.

Changed the whole idea of what a band was.
Changed the way soloist thought of themselves.
He created interest in soloists because his talent was so obvious, people wanted to hear him play; Emerged as a solo instrumentalist
Master accompanist
Ensemble player
Pioneer in scat singing [popular singer all around]
Was first taught by instructor Peter Davis. [in the Boys Home] Was a protégé of Joe “King” Oliver
Armstrong was the first jazz player to receive international fame His artistic style: well developed technique, tone, rhythm and a master at improvisation Armstrong created and recorded with bands in Chicago known as the Hot Five and later, Hot Seven He knocked the Beatles off the Top 100 charts with Hello Dolly in 1964 He received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1972

H) Notes on Board for Oct 16Page 1 of 2
Next exam: October 30th 2013;
A new listening assignment was distributed and all six pieces have been uploaded to Mix. You will need to be able to identify Title, Artist and Style for the next exam. We listened to the following pieces: All of Me, Ko-Ko, Maple Leaf Rag, West End Blues, Singin’ the Blues, Dippermouth Blues. Today, we are reviewing Chapter 6.

Obligato- An accompanying or free melody played by a second instrument. Swing- In general, swing refers to the music of large dance bands that played written arrangements and occasionally improvised solos. Swing Era- Era of jazz in the 1930s and early 1940s.

Riff-A short pattern of sounds repeated and played by a soloist or group. Mary Lou Williams
First woman to compose/arrange for a large jazz band
Greatest female performer in Kansas City
Her first public performance was at six years of age.
Composer and band leader
Count Basie
Joined the road show of Bennie Moten
Became a big band leader and composer in Kansas City
1928 played with Walter Page and Famous Blue Devils and nicknamed “Count” Played an economic piano style and organ
Died in 1984
Benny Goodman
Named the King of Swing
Played clarinet
Organized his first band in 1934
By the age of 16 he was nationally known
Ella Fitzgerald
Named the First lady of song and the Queen of jazz
By 1982 had received 10 Grammies and 22 downbeat readers polls Received...
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