Substantial body of research → genetic basis for numerous human behaviours. •
New genetic techniques → possible to screen genome → lead to predictions of individuals traits & behaviours. •
Raises serious ethical issues.
Responsibility of Individual Actions.
Possible to identify criminal traits → individuals genome. •
Twin adoption studies (Joseph 2001) certain degree of heritability for liability of crime. •
Screen for predisposition for criminal behavior.
If succeeded → criminals may be considered ill or in need of treatment → rather than be punished. •
Legal system → incentive not to commit crime.
Extent of social engineering?
Rockfeller University → missing gene is related to increased anxiety in rats. •
Possible that different human populations have variations in genetic makeup.
Hassim → 68 Israeli men found that variation in ADH2 gene → role in the way the body metabolises alcohol.
Should parents be able to genetically engineer children. •
Is it fair to allow more wealthy people access to this? •
What disparities will occur between people.
Controversial study found racial difference in intelligence Jensen (1969) •
Might use genetic predispositions against people.
For example hiring workers based on intelligence.
Steele and Aaronson → performance tends to be impaired when there is a chance that one will be assessed on a stereotype.
Discrimination in other aspects will become prevalent.
Even more discrimination against certain groups/families in the community even.
True belief that behavior has strong genetic basis → may breed humans like we breed animals. •
Eugenics → popular in the early 1990s.
For eg. Nazi Germany → became genocide.
Screen embryos for behavioral traits → choose abortion if deemed necessary.
Human genome project → enormous databases on genetic characteristics of individuals. •
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